Gigantatypus

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Gigantatypus
Temporal range: Maastrichtian
Gigantatypus humerus.jpg
Fossil humerus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Testudines
Family: Cheloniidae
Genus: Gigantatypus
Kaddumi, 2006
Species: G. salahi
Binomial name
Gigantatypus salahi
Kaddumi, 2006

Gigantatypus is an extinct late Maastrichtian sea turtle that lived in the southern regions of the Tethys Ocean about 100–120 kilometres (62–75 mi) off the north eastern margins of Cretaceous Africa immediately before the Cretaceous–Paleogene extinction events .[1] Fossil remains of Gigantatypus are so far only represented in sediments from Jordan. Estimated at over 3.5 metres (11 ft) in length, members of this genus reached remarkably large proportions equivalent to that of Archelon Wieland, 1896 ,[1][2] considered as the largest marine turtles to ever roam the oceans of the world. Although Gigantatypus apparently did not survive the K/T boundary, which also was the fate of other gigantic marine turtles such as protostegids, other genera of Cheloniidae, though significantly smaller in size survived the mass extinction and continued on until the present day.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b H. F. Kaddumi (2006). "A new genus and species of gigantic marine turtles (Chelonioidea: Cheloniidae) from the Maastrichtian of the Harrana Fauna-Jordan". PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 3 (1): 1–14. 
  2. ^ G. R. Wieland (1896). "Archelon ischyros : a new gigantic cryptodire testudinate from the Fort Pierre Cretaceous of South Dakota". American Journal of Science. Series 4, 2 (12): 399–412.