Gil Blas (periodical)

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Gil Blas
Gustave Droz - Je soupe chez ma femme.jpg
'"Je soupe chez ma femme" ("I Sup with My Wife"). Cover illustration by Théophile Steinlen for a story from "Monsieur, madame et bébé" by Gustave Droz.
Type daily literary newspaper
Publisher Augustin-Alexandre Dumont
Founded 19 November 1879
Ceased publication 1938
Headquarters Paris, France
Circulation 30,000[1]

Gil Blas (or Le Gil Blas) was a Parisian literary periodical named for Alain-René Lesage's novel Gil Blas. It was founded by the sculptor Augustin-Alexandre Dumont in November 1879.

Gil Blas serialized famous novels such as Émile Zola's Germinal (1884) and L'Œuvre (1885) before they appeared in book form. Guy de Maupassant regularly published short stories in Gil Blas. The journal was also known for its opinionated arts and theatre criticism.[1] Contributors included René Blum, Alexandru Bogdan-Pitești,[2] and Abel Hermant. Théophile Steinlen and Albert Guillaume provided illustrations.

Gil Blas was published regularly until 1914, when it went on a short hiatus due to the outbreak of World War I. Afterwards, it was published intermittently until 1938.[1]

In addition to Germinal, Gil Blas serialized the Zola novels L'Argent, Au Bonheur des Dames, and La Joie de vivre. Guy de Maupassant stories which debuted in Gil Blas include "À vendre," "Imprudence," "L'Inconnue," "La Bête à Maît' Belhomme," "La Confidence," "La Baptême," and "Tribunaux Rustiques".

Gil Blas critic Louis Vauxcelles's phrase "Donatello chez les fauves!" ("Donatello among the wild beasts") brought notoriety and attention to the works of Henri Matisse and Les Fauves exhibited at the Salon d'Automne of 1905. Vauxcelles' comment was printed on 17 October 1905,[3] and passed into popular usage.[4]

Contributors[edit]

Some well-known authors who were published in Gil Blas include:

Controversies[edit]

In 1887, after seeing a dress-reheasal of Victorien Sardou's La Tosca at the Théâtre de la Porte Saint-Martin in Paris (with Sarah Bernhardt in the title role), Gil Blas published a complete description of the plot on the morning of opening night. Following the premiere, Sardou brought a successful suit for damages against Gil Blas.[5]

In 1888 Camille Lemonnier was prosecuted in Paris for "offending against public morals" by a story in Gil Blas, and was condemned to a fine.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Gil Blas," Bibliothèque nationale de France. Accessed Jan. 20, 2015.
  2. ^ Cernat, Avangarda, p.42.
  3. ^ Louis Vauxcelles, Le Salon d'Automne, Gil Blas, 17 October 1905. Screen 5 and 6. Gallica, Bibliothèque nationale de France, ISSN 11499397
  4. ^ Chilver, Ian (Ed.). "Fauvism", The Oxford Dictionary of Art, Oxford University Press, 2004. December 26, 2007.
  5. ^ Hart (1913) p. 121; Les Archives théâtrales (December 1887) p. 346

External links[edit]