Gil Stein is an American archaeologist and current director of the Oriental Institute at the University of Chicago.
Stein received a B.A. from Yale University in 1978 and a Ph.D. in 1988 from the University of Pennsylvania. In 1990, he was appointed an assistant professor at the Department of Anthropology at Northwestern University, and in 2001 became a full professor at the same department. In 2002, he moved to the University of Chicago. Since 2008 he has jointly directed the Joint Syrian-American Archaeological Research Project at Tell Zeidan of the Ubaid culture.
- Rethinking World Systems - Diasporas, Colonies, and Interaction in Uruk Mesopotamia, Tucson: University of Arizona, 1999. ISBN 0-8165-2009-7
- The Archaeology of Colonial Encounters: Comparative Perspectives. School of American Research Press, 2005.