Gila City, Arizona
|Gila City, Arizona|
|Elevation||233 ft (71 m)|
|Time zone||MST (no DST) (UTC-7)|
|Post Office opened||December 24, 1858|
|Post Office closed||July 14, 1863|
Gila City was founded on the south bank of the Gila River, 19 miles east of the confluence of the Gila and Colorado rivers. Also known as Ligurta, the town was established as a result of Arizona's first major gold rush, when Colonel Jacob Snively led a party of prospectors to a placer deposit along the Gila River in and around Monitor Gulch, which emerges from the Gila Mountains to the south. A booming gold camp, Gila City developed nearly overnight as prospectors rushed to the site. The Butterfield Overland Mail route passed through the boom town and one of its stations, Swivelers lay a mile to the east at the eastern edge of the placer deposits where a post office was established for Gila City in December 24, 1858.
The Gila placers were worked for eight years by thousands of miners. They worked the plateaus and canyons nearby, panning out $20 to $125 a day in gold dust, and nuggets weighing up to 22 ounces each were deposited at the Wells Fargo office in Los Angeles.
In 1859 Lieutenant Sylvester Mowry, reported about 100 men and several families working the gravels at Gila City and saw more than $20 washed from 8 shovelfuls of dirt. Some miners were paid $3 a day plus board to work lower grade deposits. Most of the gold was recovered by first drywashing, then by wetwashing the dry-panned concentrates at the Gila River.
Flooding of the Gila River in the Great Flood of 1862 destroyed the town, and the post office was discontinued on July 14, 1863, and most of the population moved on to the new gold rush at La Paz. The best of the placers continued to be worked on a reduced scale until 1865, all the known productive ground was worked over at least once since then. A few large-scale operations were later attempted over the years, but these were unsuccessful. Small-scale mining continues today.
The area of gold-bearing gravel extends from 1/4 mile east of Dome to 3 miles west of Dome, but most placer mining was centered around Monitor Gulch, 1 1/2 miles west of Dome. Most of the gold in the gravels was found at or near bedrock in gulches, but much gold was recovered from bench gravels in the area.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Ligurta
- James E. Sherman, Barbara H. Sherman, Ghost Towns of Arizona, University of Oklahoma Press, 1969, p.60
- Eldred D. Wilson, GOLD PLACERS AND PLACERING IN ARIZONA, Bulletin 168, State of Arizona, Bureau of Geology and Mineral Technology, Geological Survey Branch, A Division of the University of Arizona, Reprinted 1981, p.18
- Ghosttowns.com, Yuma County, Gila City
- Dome District (Gila City District), Gila Mts, Yuma Co., Arizona, USA
- A Look At Historic Gila City Arizona And Its Sad Fate - The Arizona Prospector
- Arizona Pioneer & Cemetery Research Project, Internet Presentation, Version 050710, DOME CEMETERY AND GILA CITY - DOME, Yuma County, Arizona, By Kathy and Ed Block, APCRP Historians