Gila County, Arizona
|Gila County, Arizona|
Gila County Courthouse in Globe
Location in the state of Arizona
Arizona's location in the U.S.
|Founded||February 8, 1881|
|• Total||4,795 sq mi (12,419 km2)|
|• Land||4,758 sq mi (12,323 km2)|
|• Water||38 sq mi (98 km2), 0.8%|
|• Density||11/sq mi (4/km²)|
|Congressional districts||1st, 4th|
|Time zone||Mountain: UTC-7|
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Transportation
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Communities
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
The county was formed from parts of Maricopa County and Pinal County on February 8, 1881. The boundary was then extended eastward to the San Carlos River by public petition in 1889. The original county seat was in the mining community of Globe City, now Globe, Arizona.
In the 1880s, a long range war broke out in Gila County that became the most costly feud in American history, resulting in an almost complete annihilation of the families involved. The Pleasant Valley War (also sometimes called the Tonto Basin Feud or Tonto Basin War) matched the cattle-herding Grahams against the sheep-herding Tewksburys. Once partisan feelings became tense and hostilities began, Frederick Russell Burnham, who later became a celebrated scout and the inspiration for the boy scouts, was drawn into the conflict on the losing side. Burnham shot many men in the feud, and was himself nearly killed by a bounty hunter. Tom Horn, a famous assassin, was also known to have taken part as a killer for hire, but it is unknown as to which side employed him, and both sides suffered several murders to which no suspect was ever identified. In the 1960s, it was home of Gerald Gault, who was the subject of the 1967 U.S. Supreme Court ruling, in re Gault, that stated juveniles have the same rights as adults when arrested to be notified of the charges against them, the rights to attorneys and to confront their accusers.
- Yavapai County, Arizona - northwest
- Maricopa County, Arizona - west
- Pinal County, Arizona - south
- Graham County, Arizona - southeast
- Navajo County, Arizona - east, northeast
- Coconino County, Arizona - north
National protected areas
The following public-use airports are located in the county:
Where as according to the 2010 U.S. Census Bureau:
- 76.8% White
- 0.4% Black
- 14.8% Native American
- 0.5% Asian
- 0.1% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
- 2.0% Two or more races
- 5.4% Other races
- 17.9% Hispanic or Latino (of any race)
As of the census of 2000, there were 51,335 people, 20,140 households, and 14,098 families residing in the county. The population density was 11 people per square mile (4/km²). There were 28,189 housing units at an average density of 6 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 77.82% White, 0.38% Black or African American, 12.92% Native American, 0.43% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 6.59% from other races, and 1.80% from two or more races. 16.65% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 9.84% reported speaking Spanish at home, while 6.29% speak Western Apache.
There were 20,140 households out of which 26.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.10% were married couples living together, 10.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.00% were non-families. 25.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.99.
In the county the population was spread out with 25.10% under the age of 18, 6.40% from 18 to 24, 22.30% from 25 to 44, 26.40% from 45 to 64, and 19.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 96.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.20 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $30,917, and the median income for a family was $36,593. Males had a median income of $31,579 versus $22,315 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,315. About 12.60% of families and 17.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.90% of those under age 18 and 7.90% of those age 65 or over.
- Hayden (part of Hayden is in Pinal County)
- Star Valley
- Winkelman (part of Winkelman is in Pinal County)
- Bear Flat
- Beaver Valley
- Canyon Day
- Cedar Creek
- Central Heights-Midland City
- Christopher Creek
- Copper Hill
- Deer Creek
- Dripping Springs
- East Globe
- East Verde Estates
- El Capitan
- Flowing Springs
- Freedom Acres
- Geronimo Estates
- Haigler Creek
- Hunter Creek
- Icehouse Canyon
- Jakes Corner
- Kohls Ranch
- Mead Ranch
- Mesa del Caballo
- Oxbow Estates
- Rock House
- Round Valley
- San Carlos
- Six Shooter Canyon
- Tonto Basin
- Tonto Village
- Washington Park
- Whispering Pines
County Population Ranking
† county seat
|Rank||City/Town/etc.||Population (2010 Census)||Municipal type||Incorporated|
|2||† Globe||7,532||City||1875 (founded)|
|4||Central Heights-Midland City||2,534||CDP|
|12||Six Shooter Canyon||1,019||CDP|
|15||Mesa del Caballo||765||CDP|
|18||Hayden (partially in Pinal County)||662||Town|
|22||Winkelman (partially in Pinal County)||353||Town|
|30||East Verde Estates||170||CDP|
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Gila National Forest (archived)". United States Forest Service. 2003-12-04. Retrieved 2007-10-16.
- Forrest, Earle R. (1936). Arizona's Dark and Bloody Ground; an authentic account of the sanguinary Pleasant Valley vendetta that swept through Arizona's cattleland in the latter eighteen eighties--the Graham-Tewksbury feud. Caldwell, Idaho: Caxton Printers, Ltd. pp. 15, 292. OCLC 1825248.
- Burnham, Frederick Russell (1926). Scouting on Two Continents. Doubleday, Page & company. pp. 2; Chapters 3 & 4. OCLC 407686.
- Lott, Jack (1981). "Chapter 8. The Making of a Hero: Burnham in the Tonto Basin". In Boddington, Craig. America -- The Men and Their Guns That Made Her Great. Petersen Publishing Co. p. 90. ISBN 0-8227-3022-7.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
||Yavapai County||Coconino County||Navajo County|
|Maricopa County||Navajo County|
|Pinal County||Graham County|