Gilbert Hovey Grosvenor
|Gilbert Hovey Grosvenor|
October 28, 1875|
Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (now Istanbul, Turkey)
|Died||February 4, 1966
Cape Breton Island, Canada
|Known for||National Geographic Magazine|
|Relatives||Alexander Graham Bell, father-in-law
William Howard Taft, second cousin
Gilbert Hovey Grosvenor (October 28, 1875 – February 4, 1966), the father of photojournalism, was the first full-time editor of National Geographic Magazine, serving from 1899 to 1954. Grosvenor is credited with having built the magazine into the iconic publication that it is today. As president of the National Geographic Society, he made it into one of the world's largest and best known science and learning organizations, aided by the bold chronicling in its magazine of ambitious natural and cultural explorations around the globe.
Grosvenor was born to Edwin A. and Lilian Waters Grosvenor in Istanbul, Turkey (Constantinople), and educated at Worcester Academy and at Robert College. He attended Amherst College and graduated with the AB degree magna cum laude in 1897. Grosvenor became the President of the National Geographic Society (1920–1954). Grosvenor married Elsie May Bell (1878–1964), the daughter of Alexander Graham Bell.
Grosvenor advocated policies of neutrality and positive, upbeat journalism through two world wars, the Great Depression, and the beginning of the Cold War. However, this style (which had been innovative in the opening years of the 20th century) was deemed dated and ossified by the 1950s. Grosvenor and his staff (most of them close to his age) were criticized as being conservative, complacent, and unwilling to modernize, and the National Geographic's subscription base fell as a consequence. After 50 years at the helm, he stepped down in 1954 at the age of 78.
Grosvenor's health deteriorated following the death of his wife and he died peacefully in his sleep at the age of 90 on February 4, 1966.
He was also the:
- Father of National Geographic president Melville Bell Grosvenor (1901–1982), and of Dr. Mabel Harlakenden Grosvenor (1905–2006), plus five other children;
- grandfather of National Geographic president Gilbert Melville Grosvenor; and
- the 'true' father of photojournalism.
Grosvenor is buried in Rock Creek Cemetery alongside his wife and members of the Bell family. Grosvenor Arch, a sandstone double arch located in southern Utah, is named after Gilbert Grosvenor. In 1931 Grosvenor bought a property in Coconut Grove, Florida next door to his brother-in-law, David Fairchild. He called this estate Hissar after the small town in Turkey where he was born. After Fairchild's estate, The Kampong, was acquired by the National Tropical Botanical Garden they bought Hissar also. Grosvenor served on the Board of Trustees of the University of Miami from 1944 to 1960. In the 1950s, Grosvenor's daughter acquired an historic building in Baddeck, Nova Scotia which she named Gilbert H. Grosvenor Hall in his honour.
- Grosvenor was second cousin to U.S. President and U.S. Supreme Court Justice William Howard Taft. 
- Siraitia grosvenorii, a plant named after Dr Grosvenor who as president of the National Geographic Society helped to fund its scientific study
- Poole, Robert M. Explorers House: National Geographic and the World it Made. New York: Penguin, 2004. ISBN 1-59420-032-7
- "Dr. Gilbert H. Grosvenor Dies. Head of National Geographic, 90. Editor of Magazine 55 Years Introduced Photos, Increased Circulation to 4.5 Million.". New York Times. February 5, 1966, Saturday. Retrieved 2007-07-21. "Baddeck, N.S., Feb. 4, 1964 (Canadian Press) Dr. Gilbert H. Grosvenor, chairman of the board and former president of the National Geographic Society and editor of the National Geographic magazine from 1899 to 1954, died on the Cape Breton Island estate once owned by his father-in-law, the inventor Alexander Graham Bell. He was 90 years old."
- "Grosvenor Family Papers". Library of Congress Manuscript Reading Room.
- "Where East Meets West.". Time (magazine). 24 April 2007. "Robert College stands at the Bosporus narrows, where Europe and Asia are only 800 yards apart. Its 19th-century buildings overshadow a 15th-century Turkish fort. Engineers trained at Robert have built modern Turkey's factories, railroads and sewage systems. Basketball, softball, other U.S. sports have spread through Turkey from the college. Robert's noted students: Bulgaria's first education minister; a confidential secretary of the late President of Turkey, Ismet Inönü; Editor Gilbert Grosvenor of the National Geographic (his father taught there)."
- Martin, Sandra. "Mabel Grosvenor, Doctor 1905-2006", Toronto: The Globe and Mail, November 4, 2006, p.S.11. Proquest document ID: 383502285. Retrieved April 12, 2011.
- Cosmos Club blog
- "National Tropical Botanical Garden - Kampong - History". Retrieved 12 December 2011.
- Tebeau, Charlton W. The University of Miami. Coral Gables: University of Miami Press, 1976. p. 392.