Gilbert Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby, 1st Earl of Ancaster

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"A great officer of State". Caricature by Spy published in Vanity Fair in 1881.

Sir Gilbert Henry Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby, 6th Baronet, 1st Earl of Ancaster PC (1 October 1830 – 24 December 1910), known as 2nd Baron Aveland from 1867 to 1888 and as 25th Baron Willoughby de Eresby from 1888 to 1892, was a British Liberal politician and court official.

Born Gilbert Henry Heathcote, he was the son of Gilbert Heathcote, 1st Baron Aveland and Clementina Elizabeth Drummond-Willoughby, 24th Baroness Willoughby de Eresby. He was educated at Harrow and Trinity College, Cambridge.[1]

In 1852 Ancaster was elected to the House of Commons for Boston, a seat he held until 1856, and then represented Rutland until he succeeded his father as second Baron Aveland in 1867. In 1872 he assumed by Royal license the additional surnames of Willoughby and Drummond. He held the office of Deputy Lord Great Chamberlain from 1871 to 1901 and was admitted to the Privy Council in 1880. In 1888 he succeeded his mother as twenty-fifth Baron Willoughby de Eresby and four years later he was created Earl of Ancaster, in the County of Lincoln. This was a revival of the title held by his maternal ancestors the Dukes of Ancaster and Kesteven.

Lord Ancaster married Lady Evelyn Elizabeth Gordon, daughter of Charles Gordon, 10th Marquess of Huntly, in 1863. They had ten children:[2]

  • Hon. Evelyn Clementina Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby (1864–1924), married Maj.-Gen. Sir Henry Peter Ewart, 1st Baronet of White.
  • Hon. Margaret Mary Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby (1866– ), married Gideon Macpherson Rutherford, barrister-at-law.
  • Hon. Gilbert Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby (1867–1951), succeeded as 2nd Earl of Ancaster.
  • Hon. Nina Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby (1869–1940).
  • Brig.-Gen. Hon. Charles Strathavon Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby (1870–1949), fought in the Second Boer War and World War I.
  • Lt.-Col. Hon. Claud Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby (1872–1950), fought in the Second Boer War and World War I, and was a Conservative politician.
  • Hon. Cecilie Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby (1874– ) married Thomas Clarence Edward Goff.
  • Hon. Alice Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby (1876–1951).
  • Hon. Mary Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby (1878– ), married the 14th Earl of Dalhousie and became the mother of both the 15th and the 16th Earl.
  • Lt-Cdr Hon. Peter Robert Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby, RN (1885–1914), naval officer killed in the sinking of HMS Monmouth at the Battle of Coronel.

Lord Ancaster died on 24 December 1910, aged 80, and was succeeded in his titles by his eldest son

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Willoughby, Gilbert Henry Heathcote (WLHY849GH)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  2. ^ Burke's

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
James William Freshfield
Benjamin Cabbell
Member of Parliament for Boston
1852 – 1856
With: Benjamin Cabbell
Succeeded by
Herbert Ingram
Benjamin Cabbell
Preceded by
Sir Gilbert Heathcote, Bt
Hon. Gerard Noel
Member of Parliament for Rutland
1856 – 1867
With: Hon. Gerard Noel
Succeeded by
Hon. Gerard Noel
George Finch
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Earl of Ancaster
1892 – 1910
Succeeded by
Gilbert Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby
Preceded by
Gilbert John Heathcote
Baron Aveland
1867 – 1910
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Clementina Elizabeth Drummond-Willoughby
Baron Willoughby de Eresby
1888 – 1910
Succeeded by
Gilbert Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby