Gilbert Houngbo

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Gilbert Houngbo
Prime Minister of Togo
In office
8 September 2008 – 23 July 2012
President Faure Gnassingbé
Preceded by Komlan Mally
Succeeded by Kwesi Ahoomey-Zunu
Personal details
Born (1961-02-04) 4 February 1961 (age 53)
Political party Independent
Alma mater University of Lomé
University of Quebes, Trois-Rivières

Gilbert Fossoun Houngbo (born 4 February 1961[1]) is a Togolese politician who was Prime Minister of Togo from September 2008[2] to July 2012.

Education and career at the UN[edit]

Houngbo holds an advanced degree in business management from the University of Lomé in Togo, as well as a degree in accounting and finance from the Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières in Canada. He is a member of the Canadian Institute of Chartered Accountants.[3]

Houngbo was a member of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Strategic Management Team and was its Director of Finance and Administration before being appointed as the UNDP Chief of Staff in 2003. He was subsequently appointed as United Nations Assistant Secretary General, Assistant Administrator of the UNDP, and Director of the UNDP's Regional Bureau for Africa[4] by UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan[4][5] on 29 December 2005.[5][6]

Prime minister[edit]

On 7 September 2008, President Faure Gnassingbé appointed Houngbo as Prime Minister of Togo; he replaced Komlan Mally, who resigned two days earlier.[5] His appointment as Prime Minister was read out in a decree by Kouessan Yovodevi, the Director of National Television, who stated, "Mr Houngbo is Prime Minister".[7] Houngbo took office as Prime Minister on 8 September.[2] Houngbo was a relatively obscure figure in Togo prior to his appointment as Prime Minister, and his appointment was regarded as surprising.[3] The government said that he was a "man of consensus" who would facilitate national reconciliation. Some observers attributed his appointment to a desire to improve the image of the government; there were suggestions that Mally had appeared ineffectual.[8]

Houngbo travelled to the UN Headquarters in New York on 11 September for a visit to mark his departure from the UN. He met with UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon on 11 September, and Ban congratulated him on his achievements at the UNDP.[9] In Togo, Houngbo's government was named on 15 September 2008. It included 27 ministers, aside from Houngbo himself: three ministers of state (one of whom was Houngbo's predecessor, Komlan Mally), 20 ministers, two minister-delegates, and two secretaries of state.[10] Houngbo presented his general policy programme to the National Assembly on 16 September. Of the 80 deputies who participated in the vote on Houngbo's programme, 50 (representing the ruling Rally of the Togolese People) voted in favor of it; the opposition Union of Forces for Change voted against it, while the opposition Action Committee for Renewal abstained.[11]

Gnassingbé was re-elected in the March 2010 presidential election and sworn in on 3 May 2010. Houngbo accordingly resigned as Prime Minister on 5 May,[12] and Gnassingbé re-appointed him as Prime Minister on 7 May.[13] His new coalition government was announced on 28 May,[14] which included 7 members from UFC, Togo's main opposition party.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Démission du Premier ministre", Republicoftogo.com, 5 May 2010 (French).
  2. ^ a b "Reprise de la coopération et gestion de crise", Republicoftogo.com, 8 September 2008 (French).
  3. ^ a b "Gilbert Fossoun Houngbo, "l'oiseau rare"". RepublicOfTogo.com (in French). 2008-09-09. Retrieved 2011-09-01. 
  4. ^ a b "Secretary-General appoints Gilbert Fossoun Houngbo of Togo as Director of UN Development Programme's Bureau for Africa", Secretary-General SG/A/967 BIO/3727 DEV/2559, 30 December 2005.
  5. ^ a b c "Le patron du Pnud Afrique nommé Premier ministre", Republicoftogo.com, 7 September 2008 (French).
  6. ^ "UN Development Programme names new officials to head 3 regional bureaus", UN News Centre, 29 December 2005.
  7. ^ "Togo appoints new prime minister", AFP (France24), 8 September 2008.
  8. ^ John Zodzi, "Togo names new premier", Reuters (IOL), 8 September 2008.
  9. ^ "Gilbert Fossoun Houngbo fait ses adieux au Pnud", Republicoftogo.com, 12 September 2008 (French).
  10. ^ "L'équipe autour de Gilbert Fossoun Houngbo", Republicoftogo.com, 15 September 2008 (French).
  11. ^ "Gilbert Fossoun Houngbo préconise une nouvelle politique de l'emploi", Republicoftogo.com, 16 September 2008 (French).
  12. ^ "Togolese government resigns", Republicoftogo.com, 6 May 2010.
  13. ^ "Houngbo II", Republicoftogo.com, 7 May 2010 (French).
  14. ^ "31 ministres dans la nouvelle équipe" http://republicoftogo.com/Toutes-les-rubriques/Politique/31-ministres-dans-la-nouvelle-equipe
  15. ^ "Historic agreement between the RPT and the UFC" http://republicoftogo.com/Toutes-les-rubriques/In-English/Historic-agreement-between-the-RPT-and-the-UFC
Political offices
Preceded by
Komlan Mally
Prime Minister of Togo
2008–2012
Succeeded by
Kwesi Ahoomey-Zunu