Gilbert O'Sullivan in 1974
|Birth name||Raymond Edward O'Sullivan|
1 December 1946 |
|Origin||Swindon, Wiltshire, England|
|Instruments||Vocals, piano, keyboards|
|Labels||Bygum Records, CBS, MAM|
Gilbert O'Sullivan (born Raymond Edward O'Sullivan, 1 December 1946) is an Irish singer-songwriter, best known for his early 1970s hits "Alone Again (Naturally)", "Clair" and "Get Down". The music magazine Record Mirror voted him the No. 1 UK male singer of 1972.
Worldwide he has charted 16 top 40 records including six number one songs, the first of which was 1970's "Nothing Rhymed" (for further information see Gilbert O'Sullivan discography). Such was his popularity in the early 1970s that "Matrimony", an airplay and live favourite from his debut album Himself, remains one of his most famous compositions despite never having been a hit single.
His most successful recording period was between 1970 and 1980, though he has since recorded nine studio albums up to 2011's Gilbertville. Speaking in 2009 he said; "I write pop songs. End of story. That's all I wanted to do. That's all I want to do. And that's all I continue to want to do. I have no interest in just touring, and living in the past."
He was born Raymond Edward O'Sullivan in Waterford, Ireland. In 1953, aged 7, his family moved to Swindon, Wiltshire, England. He attended St Joseph's and the Swindon College of Art, where he briefly played drums in a band called Rick's Blues, founded by Rick Davies (who later founded Supertramp) and where he developed his lifelong interests in music and art. According to a 1972 interview with O'Sullivan, Davies taught him how to play both drums and piano. Other semi-professional bands he played with while at college include The Doodles and The Prefects.
In 1967, O'Sullivan was signed to a five-year contract with April Music, CBS Records' house publishing company, after coming to the attention of the Professional Manager Stephen Shane, who also suggested changing his name from Ray to Gilbert as a play on the name of the operetta composers Gilbert & Sullivan. His songs at the time were avant-garde, and even drew the interest of the Bonzo Dog Doodah Band (Viv Stanshall), who were interested in recording a couple of the songs. He was paid an advance of £12 with which he bought a piano. He was signed to CBS Records by the A&R manager Mike Smith (the Tremeloes and the Love Affair). .
After two unsuccessful singles with CBS, "Disappear" and What Can I Do?", and one with the Irish record label Major Minor, "Mr. Moody's Garden", all released under the name "Gilbert", O'Sullivan sent some demo tapes to Gordon Mills, the manager of Tom Jones and Engelbert Humperdinck, whereupon O'Sullivan was signed to Mills' label, MAM Records. O'Sullivan's self-created eye-catching visual image comprised a pudding basin haircut, cloth cap and short trousers. Mills reportedly hated the image, but O'Sullivan insisted on using it initially, until he assumed a more modern 'college-like' look in which he often wore a sweater bearing a large letter 'G'.
At the end of 1970, O'Sullivan achieved his first UK Top 10 hit with "Nothing Rhymed", which also reached No. 1 in the Netherlands. Subsequent hits followed including "Underneath The Blanket Go" (which also reached No. 1 in the Netherlands), "We Will" and "No Matter How I Try". O'Sullivan released his debut album, Himself, in 1971.
In 1972 O'Sullivan reached international stardom with "Alone Again (Naturally)", which reached No. 3 in UK; No. 1 in the US, spending six non-consecutive weeks at No. 1 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart and selling nearly two million copies; No. 2 in New Zealand (11 weeks on the charts in total); No. 1 in Canada for 2 weeks (13 weeks in the Top 40); and No. 1 in Japan (21 weeks on the chart). The guitar solo was played by Big Jim Sullivan.
The song earned O'Sullivan his first gold disc. O'Sullivan's hit was barely edged out for No. 1 for the whole of 1972 by Roberta Flack's "The First Time Ever I Saw Your Face", with Looking Glass' "Brandy (You're a Fine Girl)", ending O'Sullivan's place at the top in the week ending 26 August 1972, making the difference. Flack's and O'Sullivan's hits were on the Hot 100's top 40 at the same time only on 1 July 1972, with Flack at No. 36 and falling and O'Sullivan at No. 34 and climbing. In 1973, O'Sullivan's effort was nominated for a Grammy Award in the Song of the Year and Record of the Year categories, but Flack's tune won both in 1973, and Flack would turn the double-trick again, in 1974 with "Killing Me Softly with His Song".
O'Sullivan followed "Alone" with "Clair" (1972, from the album Back to Front). The single reached No. 2 in the United States on the Hot 100 and No. 1 in the UK and Canada (14 weeks in the Canadian Top 40). O'Sullivan's disc sales exceeded ten million in 1972 and made him the top star of the year. O'Sullivan's success led to him taking part in the BBC's anniversary programme Fifty Years of Music in November 1972.
"Out of the Question" (also from Back to Front), reached No. 17 in the US and No. 14 in Canada. "Get Down" (1973), from the album I'm A Writer Not A Fighter, reached No. 1 in the UK and No. 7 in both the US and Canada. Following "Alone Again (Naturally)" and "Clair", "Get Down" was his third million-seller, with the R.I.A.A gold disc award presented on 18 September 1973.
O'Sullivan enjoyed nearly five years of success with MAM, a run that included seven UK Top 10 singles and four UK Top 10 albums; three US Top 10 singles and one top 10 album; five Dutch Top 10 singles and three Top 10 albums; five New Zealand Top 10 singles; three Canadian Top 10 singles; and seven Japan Top 10 singles.
Things turned more sour when he discovered his recording contract with MAM Records greatly favoured the label's owner, Gordon Mills. A lawsuit followed, with prolonged argument over how much money his songs had earned and how much of that money he had actually received. Eventually, in May 1982, the court found in O'Sullivan's favour, describing him as a "patently honest and decent man", who had not received a just proportion of the vast income his songs had generated. They awarded him £7 million in damages (worth £20 million at 2011 prices). He had won, but the court battle had put his recording career on hold.
In 1980, after a five-year hiatus, he returned to his old record label, CBS.
The first single, "What's in a Kiss?", reached No. 19 in the UK in 1980 and No. 21 in Japan. It was his first UK Top 20 hit in five years. Following this release, and due in part to the then-ongoing MAM court case, O'Sullivan released no new material between 1983 and 1986. Apart from the single "So What ?" in 1990 and a compilation album in 1991 Nothing But The Best, O'Sullivan was absent from the charts until another compilation album, The Berry Vest of Gilbert O'Sullivan, returned him to the UK Top 20 in 2004.
O'Sullivan is also noted for his role in bringing about the practice of clearing samples in hip hop music as a result of the 1991 court case, Grand Upright Music, Ltd. v. Warner Bros. Records, Inc., in which he sued rapper Biz Markie over the rights to use a sample of his song "Alone Again (Naturally)".
O'Sullivan has continued to record and perform into the 21st century. He enjoys particular acclaim in Japan. His album A Scruff at Heart was released in 2007, featuring "Just So You Know". On 14 July 2008, O'Sullivan released "Never Say Di". He appeared at the 2008 Glastonbury Festival, and played London's Royal Albert Hall on 26 October 2009. On 26 August 2010, O'Sullivan announced that he had joined Hypertension, a record company that also holds Leo Sayer, Chris DeBurgh, Fleetwood Mac and Gerry Rafferty.
His album Gilbertville was released on 31 January 2011; it featured "All They Wanted To Say", which dealt with the 2001 attacks on the World Trade Centre, and his most recent single "Where Would We Be (Without Tea)?". On 19 July 2011, O'Sullivan played live on the BBC Radio 2 Ken Bruce Show. On 26 August that year, the documentary Out on His Own was broadcast by BBC 4 (before by Irish RTÉ). In March 2012, the compilation album Gilbert O'Sullivan : The Very Best Of – A Singer & His Songs entered the UK Albums Chart at No.12.
In 1980 O'Sullivan married his Norwegian girlfriend Aase. Later that year the first of their two daughters, Helen-Marie, was born. Tara was born two years later.
- List of artists who reached number one on the UK Singles Chart
- List of artists who reached number one in the United States
- List of artists who reached number one on the U.S. Adult Contemporary chart
- List of performers on Top of the Pops
- List of stage names
- List of Irish people
- "Gilbert O'Sullivan Articles". Gilbertosullivan.net. 31 October 2007. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 411. ISBN 1-904994-10-5.
- "BBC Four – Gilbert O'Sullivan: Out on His Own". Bbc.co.uk. 29 August 2011. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
- "Biography by Jason Ankeny". Allmusic.com. Retrieved 5 March 2009.
- Murrells, Joseph (1978). The Book of Golden Discs (2nd ed.). London: Barrie and Jenkins Ltd. p. 318. ISBN 0-214-20512-6.
- Melhuish, Martin (1986). The Supertramp Book. Toronto, Canada: Omnibus Press. p. 18. ISBN 0-9691272-2-7.
- "Gilbert O'Sullivan", ClassicBands.com, accessed 9 January 2013
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- Rice, Jo (1982). The Guinness Book of 500 Number One Hits (1st ed.). Enfield, Middlesex: Guinness Superlatives Ltd. p. 149. ISBN 0-85112-250-7.
- Grand Upright Music, Ltd. v. Warner Bros. Records, Inc., 780 F. Supp. 182 (S.D.N.Y. 1991)
- "BBC Radio 2 – Ken Bruce, 19/07/2011". Bbc.co.uk. 19 July 2011. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
- Official Gilbert O'Sullivan page
- Gilbert O'Sullivan at the Internet Movie Database
- Biography at Allmusic