|Born||2 October 1924
|Died||7 February 1989
|Main interests||Philosophy of nature, epistemology, technology|
|Notable ideas||Individuation, "transduction", "concrétisation", "transindividuel", "préindividuel"|
Born in Saint-Étienne, Simondon was a student of philosopher of science Georges Canguilhem, Martial Guéroult, and phenomenologist Maurice Merleau-Ponty. He studied at the Ecole Normale Supérieure and the Sorbonne. He defended his doctoral dissertations in 1958. His main thesis, L'individuation à la lumière des notions de Forme et d'Information (Individuation in the light of the notions of Form and Information), was published in two parts, the first in 1964 under the title L'individu et sa génèse physico-biologique (Individuation and its physical-biological genesis) at the Presses Universitaires de France, while it is only in 1989 that Aubier published the second part, L'individuation psychique et collective (Psychic and collective individuation). While his main thesis, which laid the foundations of his thinking, was not widely read until it was commented upon by Gilles Deleuze and, more recently, Bruno Latour and Bernard Stiegler, his complementary thesis, Du mode d'existence des objets techniques (On the mode of existence of technical objects) was published by Aubier immediately after being completed (in 1958) and had an instant impact on a wide audience. It was only in 2005 that Jérôme Millon published a complete edition of the main thesis.
Individuation and technology 
In L'individuation psychique et collective, Simondon developed a theory of individual and collective individuation, in which the individual subject is considered as an effect of individuation, rather than as a cause. Thus the individual atom is replaced by the never-ending process of individuation. Simondon also conceived of "pre-individual fields" as the funds making individuation itself possible. Individuation is an always incomplete process, always leaving a "pre-individual" left-over, itself making possible future individuations. Furthermore, individuation always creates both an individual and a collective subject, which individuate themselves together.
Gilbert Simondon criticized Norbert Wiener's theory of cybernetics, arguing that, "Right from the start, Cybernetics has accepted what all theory of technology must refuse: a classification of technological objects conducted by means of established criteria and following genera and species." Simondon aimed to overcome the shortcomings of cybernetics by developing a "general phenomenology" of machines.
Simondon's theory of individuation through transduction in a metastable environment was the most important influence on the thought of Gilles Deleuze. Deleuze recognized it in Logique du sens, and this major influence is explained by Alberto Gualandi in his book Deleuze (Paris, Editions Perrin, 2009), and developed by Anne Sauvagnargues in her recent Deleuze. L'empirisme transcendental (Paris, P.U.F., 2009).
Simondon's work has also been adopted by Bernard Stiegler, who places the theory of individuation at the very heart of his philosophical project. Stiegler nevertheless argues that, paradoxically, Simondon failed to think the constitutive role that technical individuation plays in psychic and collective individuation.
- "What links the I with the we in this individuation is a preindividual milieu, which has positive conditions of effectivity, related to what I have called the retentional apparatuses. These retentional apparatuses are supported by the technical milieu, which is the condition of the meeting of the I and the we: the individuation of I and of we is equally in a sense the individuation of a technical system (this is what Simondon, strangely, didn’t see)." Stiegler, De la misère symbolique 1. L'époque hyperindustrielle (Paris: Galilée, 2004), p. 106.
Primary literature 
- Du mode d'existence des objets techniques (Méot, 1958; second ed. Paris: Aubier, 1989).
- L'individu et sa genèse physico-biologique (l'individuation à la lumière des notions de forme et d'information) (Paris: PUF, 1964; second ed. J.Millon, coll. Krisis, 1995).
- L'individuation psychique et collective (Paris, Aubier, 1989; reprinted in 2007 with a preface by Bernard Stiegler).
- L’Invention dans les techniques, Cours et conferences (Éd. du Seuil, coll. "Traces écrites").
- L’Individuation à la lumière des notions de forme et d’information (Jérôme Millon, coll. Krisis).
- Cours sur la perception (1964–1965), Préface de Renaud Barbaras (Editions de La Tansparence).
- Imagination et invention (1965–1966) (Editions de La Transparence, 2008)
- Communication et Information. Cours et Conférences (Éditions de La Transparence, 2010).
- Two Lessons on Animal and Man (Minneapolis: Univocal Publishing, 2012).
- "Technical Mentality," trans. Arne De Boever, Parrhesia 7 (2009): 7-27.
- "Techno Aesthetics," trans. Arne De Boever, Parrhesia 14 (2012): 1-8 .
- "Technical Individualization," in Joke Brouwer & Arjen Mulder (eds.), Interact or Die! (Rotterdam: NAi, 2007).
- "The Essence of Technicity," trans. Ninian Mellamphy, Dan Mellamphy & Nandita Biswas Mellamphy, Deleuze Studies 5 (11.11.2011): 406-424, .
- "The Genesis of the Individual," in Jonathan Crary & Sanford Kwinter (eds.), Incorporations (New York: Zone Books, 1992): 297–319.
- "The Position of the Problem of Ontogenesis," trans. Gregory Flanders, Parrhesia 7 (2009): 4-16. Parrhesia 7 (2009): 4-16.
Secondary literature 
- Barthélémy, Jean-Hugues (dir.), Cahiers Simondon - Numéro 4 (Paris, L'Harmattan, 2012).
- De Boever, Arne; Murray, Alex; Roffe, Jonathan & Woodward, Ashley (ed.),Gilbert Simondon: Being and Technology (Edinburgh University Press, hardback: 2012; paperback: March 2013).
- Carrozzini, Giovanni, "Gilbert Simondon filosofo della mentalité technique", Mimesis, Milano 2011.
- Bardin, Andrea, Epistemologia e politica in Gilbert Simondon. Individuazione, tecnica e sistemi sociali (FuoriRegistro, 2010), 426 p. pdf download - Creative Commons.
- Barthélémy, Jean-Hugues (dir.), Cahiers Simondon - Numéro 3 (Paris, L'Harmattan, 2011).
- Barthélémy, Jean-Hugues (dir.), Cahiers Simondon - Numéro 2 (Paris, L'Harmattan, 2010).
- Barthélémy, Jean-Hugues, "Du mort qui saisit le vif. Simondonian ontology today", trans. Justin Clemens, Parrhesia 7 (2009): 28-35.
- Barthélémy, Jean-Hugues (dir.), Cahiers Simondon - Numéro 1 (Paris, L'Harmattan, 2009).
- Barthélémy, Jean-Hugues, Simondon ou l'Encyclopédisme génétique (Paris, P.U.F., 2008).
- Carrozzini, Giovanni, [a cura di], Gilbert Simondon filosofo delle tecniche, "Il Protagora", XXXVI, luglio-dicembre 2008, quinta serie, n. 12, pp. 255-502.
- Carrozzini, Giovanni, "Gilbert Simonodn: per un'assiomatica dei saperi. Dall'"ontologia dell'individuo" alla filosofia della tecnologia, Manni, San Cesario di Lecce 2006
- Barthélémy, Jean-Hugues, Penser l'individuation. Simondon et la philosophie de la nature (Paris: L'Harmattan, 2005). (French).
- Barthélémy, Jean-Hugues, Penser la connaissance et la technique après Simondon (Paris: L'Harmattan, 2005). (French).
- Revue philosophique, Gilbert Simondon, n°3/2006.
- Bidet, Alexandra, Macé, Marielle. "S'individuer, s'émanciper, risquer un style (autour de Simondon)", Revue du Mauss, n°38 - Emancipation, subjectivation, individuation. Psychanalyse, philosophie et science sociale, La Découverte, 2011, p. 269-284.
- Caponi, Saverio, Gilbert Simondon. La tecnica e la vita, Lulu.com, 2010.
- Chabot, Pascal, La philosophie de Simondon (Paris, Vrin, 2003).
- Deleuze, Gilles, "On Gilbert Simondon," in Desert Islands and Other Texts, 1953–1974 (Los Angeles & New York: Semiotext(e), 2004): 86–9. ISBN 1-58435-018-0
- Dumouchel, Paul, "Gilbert Simondon's Plea for a Philosophy of Technology," in The Politics of Knowledge (Bloomington & Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 1995): 255-71. ISBN 0-253-20940-4.
- During, Elie, Simondon au pied du mur. (French).
- Hottois, Gilbert, Simondon et la philosophie de la culture technique (Brussels: De Boeck, 1992). (French).
- Mackenzie, Adrian, Transductions: Bodies and Machines at Speed (Continuum Press, 2002). ISBN 0-8264-5883-1
- Massumi, Brian, Technical Mentality" Revisited: Brian Massumi on Gilbert Simondon, Parrhesia 7 (2009): 36-45.
- Stiegler, Bernard, Acting Out (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2009).
- Stiegler, Bernard, The Theater of Individuation: Phase-shift and Resolution in Simondon and Heidegger, trans. Kristina Lebedeva, Parrhesia 7 (2009): 46-57.
- Stiegler, Bernard, Technics and Time, 1: The Fault of Epimetheus (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1998).
- Stiegler, Bernard, Temps et individuation technique, psychique, et collective dans l’oeuvre de Simondon. (French).
- Toscano, Alberto, "Technical Culture and the Limits of Interaction: A Note on Simondon," in Joke Brouwer & Arjen Mulder (eds.), Interact or Die! (Rotterdam: NAi, 2007): 198-205.
- Virno, Paolo, Angels and the General Intellect: Individuation in Duns Scotus and Gilbert Simondon, Parrhesia 7 (2009): 58-67.
|Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Gilbert Simondon|
Online translations 
- On the Mode of Existence of Technical Objects, link to PDF file of unpublished 1980 translation.
- The Individual and Its Physico-Biological Genesis, link to HTML file of unpublished 2007 translation.
- Also see the English translations section (above) for published translations.
- Jean-Hugues Barthélémy translated (on Simondon's link to Bergson and Teilhard de Chardin)
- "Simondon" issue, online revue Parrhesia
- Filmed interview of Gilbert Simondon on the subject of mechanology (French, 1968)
- The French Wikipedia page on Simondon
- Autour de Simondon, list of articles about Simondon, by the revue online Appareil
- List of articles about Simondon, by Jean-Hugues Barthélémy
- Barthelemy's Conference - video - at "Université de tous les savoirs" about Simondon and the new Enlightenment
- "Penser l'école avec Gilbert Simondon", by Jean-Hugues Barthélémy
- « Simondon au pied du mur », by Elie During (French).
- List of papers accessible on PDF by Adrian MacKenzie, related to Canguilhem's concepts of individuation, transductions, etc (under Creative Commons copyleft licence).
- List of 20 definitions of Simondonian concepts.
- Europe’s Times and Unknown Waters, Cluj-Napoca, Dragoş, Fabian (30 December 2012). "Gilbert Simondon: magic, images and technology".