Gilcrux

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Gilcrux
Gilcrux is located in Cumbria
Gilcrux
Gilcrux
 Gilcrux shown within Cumbria
Population 303 (2001 Census)
OS grid reference NY115381
Unitary authority Allerdale
Ceremonial county Cumbria
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town WIGTON
Postcode district CA7
Dialling code 01697
Police Cumbria
Fire Cumbria
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Workington
List of places
UK
England
Cumbria

Coordinates: 54°43′48″N 3°22′30″W / 54.730°N 3.375°W / 54.730; -3.375

Gilcrux is a small village and civil parish in the Ceremonial County of Cumbria, England.[1] Formerly part of Cockermouth Rural District Gilcrux is now part of the Borough of Allerdale. The village is on the south bank of the River Ellen around 5 miles (8 km) north of Cockermouth [2] and around 23 miles (37 km) southwest of Carlisle [3] the County town of Cumbria. The name Gilcrux comes from Welsh meaning 'Hill Retreat'.[4] An early record of the village is shown on a map of the Cumbria area by Christopher Saxon in 1567, in which the village is known as Gilcrosse.[5]

Demographics[edit]

According to the United Kingdom Census 2001 the population of the parish was 303,[6] with the parish containing 119 households in total.[7]

There are 145 people between the ages of 16 and 74 that are economically active, with 9 people in that age bracket unemployed and a further 66 economically inactive. Employment within the parish is split between the extractive and manufacturing industries, in which 41% of the population are employed, and the service industry, which employs the remaining 59% of the economically active employed population of Gilcrux.[8] The census data also allows us to see the mean distance that the residents of Gilcrux have to travel to their place of employment, the figure given is 14.55 miles (23.42 km) [9] this could suggest that few people remain in the parish to work and instead commute to large settlements each day for work.

History[edit]

Census data shows the changes in the population of the parish over time. Censuses are recorded at 10-year intervals in the United Kingdom with the earliest records for population coming from the 1801 UK census. The graph in Figure 1 shows that the population increased steadily until 1891, after which it decreased slowly to its current figure.[10]

Figure 1 (Population Change) [11]

The increase in population is explained by John Marius Wilson in his Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales, the increase in residents was due to the extensions of coal mines in the area.[12]

Figure 2: Occupational Structure of Gilcrux, 1831 [13]

Census data also reflects the social structure of the parish in 1831. The pie chart in Figure 2 shows the proportion of Gilcrux's workforce in very broad categories. Half of the total population worked as labourers and servants on the parish farms, and were most likely employed by those in the 'Employers and Professionals' group, which make up almost a quarter of the total population.[14]

Governance[edit]

Gilcrux lies within the Workington constituency. Labour MP Tony Cunningham was elected in the 2010 General election to represent the constituency at the Houses of Parliament after receiving 45.5% of the total votes.[15] For the European Parliament residents in Gilcrux vote to elect MEP's for the North West England constituency.

Landmarks[edit]

St. Marys Church

The village contains St. Mary's church, which sits atop of a mound in the centre of the village. The church dates back to Norman times and was renovated in the late 13th century.[16] The church has an Anglo-Danish Norse cross on its roof [17] and contains a glass altar screen of Leonardo da Vinci's painting of The Last Supper.

The Village also contains a newly refurbished village hall, building work started on the village hall in January 2010,[18] and was completed in March 2012, costing £580,000, much of which came from national lottery funding.[19] The refurbishments included a glass entrance lobby, more meeting rooms, a bar area and improved toilet facilities.[20]

The Village also contains the Beeches Caravan Park, the villages close proximity to the Lake District make it and attractive location for tourists, with the caravan park being open all year round.[21]

Transport[edit]

By road, Gilcrux is close to two major roads, the A596 which is around 2 miles (3.2 km) north of the village,[22] and the A595 which is around 3.7 miles (6.0 km) to the south.[23] These two roads link the village with the town of Carlisle which is around 23 miles (37 km) away.

A bus service is the only form of Public Transport in Gilcrux. The 39 bus is active on Tuesdays and Fridays and completes its route from Bothel to Carlisle once on these days[24] The nearest train station is Aspatria railway station which is roughly 3.4 miles (5.5 km) away from Gilcrux. The station runs trains everyday northbound towards Carlisle and southbound towards Barrow-in-Furness.[25]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Gilcrux, Cumbria, England
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 6
(43)
7
(45)
9
(48)
11
(52)
15
(59)
17
(63)
19
(66)
19
(66)
16
(61)
13
(55)
9
(48)
7
(45)
12.3
(54.3)
Average low °C (°F) 2
(36)
2
(36)
3
(37)
4
(39)
6
(43)
9
(48)
12
(54)
11
(52)
9
(48)
7
(45)
4
(39)
2
(36)
5.9
(42.8)
Average precipitation cm (inches) 9.39
(3.697)
8.09
(3.185)
7.33
(2.886)
5.41
(2.13)
5.62
(2.213)
6.38
(2.512)
6.14
(2.417)
7.15
(2.815)
8.32
(3.276)
11.09
(4.366)
9.85
(3.878)
10.47
(4.122)
95.24
(37.497)
Source: www.bing.com [26]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ GEOnet Names Server (GNS)
  2. ^ "GENUKI:Gilcrux,Cumberland". Retrieved 2012-05-01. 
  3. ^ "Bing Maps Directions". Retrieved 2012-05-01. 
  4. ^ "Institute for Name-Studies Website". Retrieved 2012-04-30. 
  5. ^ "Old Cumbria Gazetteer". Retrieved 2012-05-01. 
  6. ^ "Office for National Statistics Website". Retrieved 2012-04-19. 
  7. ^ "Office for National Statistics Website". Retrieved 2012-04-19. 
  8. ^ "Office for National Statistics Website". Retrieved 2012-04-19. 
  9. ^ "Office for National Statistics Website". Retrieved 2012-04-19. 
  10. ^ "A Vision of Britain Through Time". Retrieved 2012-04-30. 
  11. ^ "A Vision of Britain Through Time". Retrieved 2012-04-30. 
  12. ^ "A Vision of Britain Through Time". Retrieved 2012-04-30. 
  13. ^ "A Vision of Britain through time, Gilcrux". Retrieved 2012-05-01. 
  14. ^ "A Vision of Britain Through time, Gilcrux". Retrieved 2012-05-01. 
  15. ^ "Workington Constituency General election 2010 results". BBC News. 2012-04-19. 
  16. ^ "The Cumbria Directory, Gilcrux". Retrieved 2012-05-01. 
  17. ^ "Visit Cumbria". Retrieved 2012-05-01. 
  18. ^ "Cumberland News, Gilcrux Village Hall". Retrieved 2012-02-05. 
  19. ^ "News and Star, Gilcrux Village Hall". Retrieved 2012-02-05. 
  20. ^ "News and Star, Gilcrux Village Hall". Retrieved 2012-02-05. 
  21. ^ "Beeches Caravan Park". Retrieved 2012-02-05. 
  22. ^ "Bing Maps=accessdate=2012-04-25". 
  23. ^ "Bing Maps". Retrieved 2012-04-25. 
  24. ^ "Service 39". Retrieved 2012-04-25. 
  25. ^ "Carlisle-Barrow Timetable". Retrieved 2012-04-25. 
  26. ^ "Weather in Gilcrux, wigton". Retrieved 2012-04-25. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Gilcrux at Wikimedia Commons