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The gill (pronounced /ˈdʒɪl/) is a unit of measurement for volume equal to a quarter of a pint. It is no longer in common use, except in regard to the volume of alcoholic spirits measures, but it is kept alive by the occasional reference, such as in the cumulative song, and "The Barley Mow".
- Imperial gill
- United States customary gill
1 US gill ≡ 4 US fl oz ≡ 1⁄32 US gallon ≡ 1⁄4 US pint ≡ 1⁄2 US cup ≡ 8 tablespoons ≡ 24 teaspoons ≡ 32 US fluid drams ≡ 77⁄32 in3 ≡ 118.29411825 ml ≈ 118 ml ≈ 5⁄6 imperial gills
In Great Britain, the standard single measure of spirits in a pub was 1⁄6 gill (23.7 ml) in England, and 1⁄5 gill (28.4 ml) in Scotland; after metrication this was replaced by either 25 or 35 ml (0.176- or 0.246-gill) measures (landlords can choose which one to serve). The 1⁄4 gill was previously the most common measure in Scotland, and still remains as the standard measure in pubs in Ireland. In southern England, it is also called a noggin. In northern England, however, the large noggin is used, which is two gills. In some areas, a gill came to mean half a pint for both beer and milk.
In Ireland, the standard spirit measure was historically 1⁄4 gill. In the Republic of Ireland, it still retains this value, though it is now legally specified in metric units as 35.5 ml.
A convenient method to remember the conversion from gill to litres is that 1 imperial gill = π - 3 litres, accurate to 3 d.p.
- Not /ˈɡɪl/ as in a fish's gill
- This was the legal definition although in some areas a gill of milk or beer is referred to as a half-pint; elsewhere a gill was the 1⁄3 pint of milk given free to school children.
- "Good Luck to the Barley Mow, lyrics and audio". Chivalry.com. Retrieved 2011-02-14.
- after 1985 in the UK, c. 1964 in Canada
- after 1964 redefinition of litre and 1959 redefinition of inch
- International Dictionary of Food and Cooking by Charles Gordon Sinclair, ISBN 1-57958-057-2, published by Taylor & Francis, 1998
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