|Dame Gillian Lynne DBE|
20 February 1926 |
Bromley, Kent, England, United Kingdom
|Occupation||ballerina, dancer, actress, theatre director, television director, choreographer|
Patrick Back (1949 – ?) (divorced)Peter Land (1980 – present)
Dame Gillian Barbara Lynne, DBE (born 20 February 1926), née Pyrke, is a British ballerina, dancer, actor, theatre director, television director and choreographer noted for her popular theatre choreography associated with the musical Cats and the current longest running show in Broadway history, The Phantom of the Opera. She was made a Dame in the 2014 New Year Honours List.
Early life and education
Lynne was born in Bromley, Kent, England, and was a precocious dance talent from an early age, teaming with her childhood friend Beryl Grey while still at school, and dancing to blot out the tragedy of the violent death (in a car crash along with Edward Turner's first wife) of her mother on 8 July 1939 in Coventry, when Lynne was just 13 years old.
Lynne's gift for dancing was discovered by a doctor. Lynne had been underperforming at school, so her mother took her to the doctor and explained about her fidgeting and lack of focus. After hearing everything her mother said, the doctor told Lynne that he needed to talk to her mother privately for a moment. He turned on the radio and walked out. He then encouraged her mother to look at Lynne, who was dancing to the radio. The doctor noted that she was a dancer, and encouraged Lynne's mother to take her to dance school.
Sadler's Wells Ballet
While dancing for Molly Lake's Company at the People's Palace, Lynne was spotted by Ninette de Valois and asked to join Sadler's Wells Ballet during World War II. With the opening of the Royal Opera House after the War she received her first major solo in Sleeping Beauty on the night of her 20th birthday. She went on to become an admired dramatic ballerina in the soon to be renamed Royal Ballet, renowned for her Black Queen in de Valois's Checkmate, Queen of the Wilis in Giselle and in roles created for her by Frederick Ashton and Robert Helpmann.
West End, film and television
Leaving Sadler's Wells Ballet in 1951 she was an instant success at the London Palladium as the star dancer and subsequently in the West End in such roles as Claudine in Can Can at the Coliseum Theatre. She appeared in the film The Master of Ballantrae as Mariane, in which she was cast opposite Errol Flynn and directed by William Keighley. She also appeared as both dancer and actress on early British Television.
Choreography and direction
In her long career as a choreographer and director, Gillian Lynne has worked on many productions including those from the Royal Opera House, Royal Shakespeare Company and English National Opera as well as many West End and Broadway shows. In 1970 she choreographed and direct the Nottingham Playhouse production of the musical, Love on the Dole. Originally a novel by Walter Greenwood, it was made into a musical starring Eric Flynn and Angela Richards.
In 1975 Lynne arrived in Australia to create The Australian Ballet's first work expressly commissioned for television, The Fool on the Hill. She is, perhaps, best known for her work on the Andrew Lloyd Webber's musicals Cats (1981), The Phantom of the Opera (1986) and Aspects of Love (1990). She is also a prolific television choreographer and director notably for The Muppet Show series and winning the 1987 BAFTA Huw Wheldon Award for her direction and choreography of A Simple Man starring Moira Shearer.
Lynne choreographed the Royal Shakespeare Company production of The Secret Garden, which ran at Stratford in 2000 and then transferred to the West End, running at the Aldwych Theatre from February 2001 to June 2001.
In 2002, along with Keith Rosenberg, Lynne choreographed the Sherman Brothers' stage musical Chitty Chitty Bang Bang (based on the 1968 film). It played in London, and later on Broadway in 2005, both times successfully. Chitty Chitty Bang Bang brought Lynne back to the London Palladium after 50 years and she also rehearsed cast changes for the show's National UK Tour. Lynne choreographed the 90 Minute Las Vegas Production of The Phantom of the Opera which opened in the Summer of 2006, directed I Want to Teach the World to Sing! Gala at Her Majesty's Theatre and musically staged The Imaginary Invalid starring René Auberjonois for the Shakespeare Theatre Company in Washington, DC in the Summer of 2008.
In September 2009, Lynne was in New York City celebrating a Phantom of the Opera milestone at the Majestic Theatre. During this visit, she worked in a rehearsal with the company of the 2009–2010 international tour of Cats, produced by Troika Entertainment.
In October 2011, Lynne choreograped the 25th Anniversary production of The Phantom of the Opera at the Royal Albert Hall. Lynne was both choreographer and director for the musical Dear World, which played an engagement at The Charing Cross Theatre, London, in February and March 2013 and starred Betty Buckley.
Her production company continues to produce television, film and stage productions.
Major stage credits
Lynne married the actor/singer Peter Land in 1980. "It was love at first sight: they met when he got a part in a production of 'My Fair Lady' that she co-directed in 1978. 'He was standing there at the bar, and he was drop-dead gorgeous. We just looked at each other'..."
The first volume of her autobiography, A Dancer in Wartime was published in the UK by Chatto&Windus 3 November 2011.
Awards, honours and nominations
She has won, and been nominated for, numerous awards for her work.
She has received the Silver Order of Merit, Golden Rose of Montreux Award, BAFTA, Molière Award and The Queen Elizabeth II Coronation Award by the Royal Academy of Dance (2001). She received a Special Award at the 2013 Olivier Awards.
She was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in 1997 and Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire (DBE) in the 2014 New Year Honours for services to dance and musical theatre.
- Recounted by Dame Beryl Grey in The Independent 10 March 2002
- Moorhead, Joanna. "'Mummy's still looking after me'" The Guardian, 25 November 2011
- Recounted by Sir Ken Robinson in his TED talk, Do schools kill creativity? (starting at 15:08 minutes)
- Watts, Graham. "Interview. Gllian Lynne, the Sadler's Wells Ballet years" ballet.co.uk, October 2009
- "'The Master of Ballantrae' Listing" tcm.com, accessed 2 January 2014
- "Lynne filmography" THe New York Times, accessed 2 January 2014
- "Australian Ballet Story" ausballetstory.com.au, accessed 2 anuary 2014
- The Secret Garden Listing albemarle-london.com, accessed 1 January 2014
- Gans, Andrew. "'Dear World', Starring Tony Winner Betty Buckley, Will End London Run March 16" playbill.com, 13 March 2013
- Lean Two Productions gillianlynne.com
- Dick Whittington Listing, 1999 albemarle-london.com, accessed 1 January 2014
- A Dancer in Wartime amazon.co.uk
- Shenton, Mark. "Gillian Lynne and Michael Frayn to Receive Special Awards at Olivier Awards" playbill.com, March 24, 2013
- The London Gazette: . 31 December 2013.
- Shenton, Mark. "Angela Lansbury Becomes a Dame in Queen's New Year's Honors; Other Honorees Include Gillian Lynne, Michael Crawford and More" playbill.com, December 31, 2013
- "Lynne Listing" Internet Broadway Database, accessed 1 January 2014
- "Oivier Winners 1981" olivierawards.com, accessed 1 January 2014