|Field||Conceptual art, installation art|
|Movement||Young British Artists|
Gillian Wearing OBE RA (born 1963) is an English conceptual artist, one of the YBAs, and winner of the annual British fine arts award, The Turner Prize, in 1997. On 11 December 2007, Wearing was elected as lifetime member of the Royal Academy of Arts in London.
Life and career
Gillian Wearing was born in Birmingham. She attended Dartmouth High School in Great Barr, Birmingham. She moved to Chelsea, London to study art at the Chelsea College of Art and squatted in Oval Mansions.
In the early 1990s, Wearing started putting together photography exhibitions that were based around the idea of photographing anonymous strangers in the street who she had asked to hold up a piece of paper with a message on it. Of these "confessional" pieces, Wearing stated,
I decided that I wanted people to feel protected when they talked about certain things in their life that they wouldn’t want the public that knows them to know. I can understand that sort of holding on to things—it’s kind of part of British society to hold things in. I always think of Britain as being a place where you’re meant to keep your secrets—you should never tell your neighbors or tell anyone. Things are changing now, because the culture’s changed and the Internet has brought people out. We have Facebook and Twitter where people tell you small details of their life.
One of Wearing's first UK shows was held at the Chisenhale Gallery in east London, in June 1997.
In 1997, Wearing won the Turner Prize and exhibited videos such as 60 minutes silence which is a video of 26 uniformed police officers, but at first appears to be a photograph. Wearing said, "The piece is about authority, restraint, and control." She also exhibited Sacha and Mum showing emotions between a mother and daughter. Wearing described the piece as, "Things can not be finalized—- as far as emotions are concerned. They’re always in turmoil and can go to two polar opposites." Cornelia Parker, Christine Borland and Angela Bulloch were the other shortlisted artists.
In 2000, Wearing made a film, Drunk (2000), which shows four drunk men staggering around a studio.
In Wearing’s Broad Street (2001), she documents the behavior of typical teenagers, in British society, who go out at night and drink large amounts of alcohol. Wearing shows teenagers partying at various clubs and bars along Broad Street in Birmingham. Wearing follows these teenagers demonstrating how alcohol contributes to their loss of inhibitions, insecurities, and control.
In 2003, Wearing caused controversy with her cover for The Guardian's G2 supplement, consisting solely of the handwritten words "Fuck Cilla Black". The cover illustrated an article by Stuart Jeffries complaining about the cruelty of modern television.
The themes of modern television were further explored in Wearing's recent project Family History (2006) commissioned by Film and Video Umbrella, and accompanied by a publication on the project.
Wearing's 2011 show People (2005–2011) at Tanya Bonakdar Gallery included work ranging from video, to photographic portraiture, to installation and sculpture. Snapshot (2005) is a series of seven single-projection videos framed by a candy-colored array of plasma screens, each depicting different stages of the female life cycle—from the innocence of early childhood to old age.
In 2011, Wearing started her 'real Birmingham family' sculpture - public art project. Four families were shortlisted by a panel. The sculpture is planned to be unveiled in front of a new library from 2014.
In 2012, a major retrospective of her work was held at Whitechapel Gallery, London (28 March-17 June 2012), which surveyed her career and premiered new films and sculptures. The exhibition was organised with Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen, Düsseldorf and supported by Maja Hoffmann, Vicky Hughes and John Smith, and Dr Naomi Milgrom AO. An accompanying monograph was published by Ridinghouse and included texts by curator Daniel F. Herrmann, Doris Krystof, Bernhart Schwenk and David Deamer.
- Myers, Ben. "Criminalising squatters will hurt British pop music". The Guardian. Retrieved 28 December 13.
- Corwin, William. (September 2012). 'In Conversation: Gillian Wearing with William Corwin' Brooklyn Rail. Retrieved 29 December 2013.
- Flannery, M. & Preece, R.J. (1998).'Turner Prize 1997: Generating art debate'. World Sculpture News, 4(1), 28-30. Retrieved 29 December 2013.
- Martin, Sylvia: "Broad Street", Video Art, page 94. Taschen, 2006.
- Katz, Ian. (8 January 2003). "Were we right to do this?". The Guardian. Retrieved 29 December 2013.
- Rooney, Kara L. (June 2011). "Gillian Wearing: People". The Brooklyn Rail.
- The London Gazette: . 11 June 2011.
- (undated). 'A Real Birmingham Family website'. Retrieved 29 December 2013.
- "Gillian Wearing monograph". Ridinghouse.
- Gillian Wearing Biography. regenprojects.com
- (undated) "Gillian Wearing artist page; Maureen Paley gallery (London).". Retrieved 13 August 2010.
- (undated) "Tanya Bonakdar Gallery artists page; Tanya Bonakdar Gallery (New York).". Retrieved 27 January 2011.
- Rachel Campbell-Johnston (7 October 2008). "Michael Landy – the man who had nothing". London: The Times. Retrieved 22 October 2008.
- Wearing interviewed by Matt Lippiatt for The Times
- Wearing interviewed by Leo Edelstein for the Journal of Contemporary Art
- Wearing interviewed by Grady Turner for Bomb Magazine