Gilligan (Gilligan's Island)
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|Gilligan's Island character|
|First appearance||"Two on a Raft"|
|Last appearance||The Harlem Globetrotters on Gilligan's Island|
|Created by||Sherwood Schwartz|
|Portrayed by||Bob Denver|
Willy Gilligan better known as Gilligan, is a fictional character played by Bob Denver on the 1960s TV show Gilligan's Island and its many sequels. Gilligan, affectionately called "Little Buddy" by the "Skipper", is the bumbling, dimwitted, accident-prone first mate of the SS Minnow. None of the show's episodes ever specify Gilligan's full name or clearly indicate whether "Gilligan" is the character's first name or his last. Gilligan wears a trademark red shirt, pale trousers and white navy cap.
During a storm, he throws an anchor overboard without a rope attached, which leaves the Minnow shipwrecked on an "uncharted desert isle" with its seven passengers and crew, establishing the underlying premise of the franchise. The enduring popularity of the series has made him a cultural icon.
Gilligan served in the United States Navy with Jonas Grumby, and saved him from being struck and killed by a runaway depth charge. Upon retirement, Grumby used his savings to buy the Minnow, and as the Minnow's captain (or "Skipper" as he was nearly invariably addressed), Grumby hired his "little buddy", Gilligan, as first mate.
Gilligan's past and family are fleetingly mentioned during the series. Such characters include: an older brother from whom he swiped his ever-present red shirt; a sister whose best friend was broken up by her boyfriend[clarification needed]; his cousin Rudolph; his father (who wore glasses and a mustache and was short); his grandmother, whose advice he imparts to Ginger during the episode "Don't Bug The Mosquitoes"; Aunt Sarah, who had a "sneaky disease"; and, an uncle John who was apparently illiterate. He once mentioned he was born in Pennsylvania, but no city was specified. He would sometimes mention his childhood friends Skinny Mulligan, Fatso Flanagan, and Billy Maguire, possibly implying that he came from a predominately Irish-American neighborhood.
The character of Gilligan is noted for physical comedy, often with his friend the Skipper in the role of a straight man. Continuing gags of the show include Gilligan's seduction by Ginger, eating Mary Ann's coconut cream pies, joking about the Skipper's weight and inadvertently undermining any attempts and efforts of the castaways to get off the island. He would often interject discussions with pointless anecdotes about his childhood or with seemingly useless advice. Though he was often chided by The Skipper for interrupting, on more than one occasion Gilligan's seemingly random nonsense would actually trigger The Professor to remember a useful fact or suggest a course of action.
Despite his bumbling nature, Gilligan has an innate innocence of character that causes the others to forgive his mistakes. He occasionally saves the others when an escape plan goes awry. He performs virtually all manual labor on the island, mostly without complaint; in the episode "The Hunter", the Skipper notes that Gilligan can "run as fast as a rabbit [and] climb a tree like a monkey."
Gilligan also makes several discoveries, but they often have disastrous results, and Gilligan is usually faced with big decisions. Often Mr. Howell will attempt to bribe him with money, or Ginger with seduction or fake crying. Examples include who to give the last orange on the island, or who to give hot water from a hole in the ground (which the Professor later discovered to be an active volcano). On one occasion, Gilligan found seeds which gave people the ability to read minds, but when the seeds proved to have disastrous results, he gathered up all the seeds on the island and burned them.
Despite frequently ruining plans to get off the island, his fellow castaways (the Skipper included) ultimately harbor affection for him. When Gilligan was bitten by a potentially fatal insect and showed all the symptoms following the bite, everyone tried to find a cure, only to get bitten themselves (although the insect was later found to be harmless). Upon hearing this, Ginger and Mary Ann burst into tears, and the Skipper attempts to cheer them up by having them envision everyone getting off the island. This temporarily works, until Mary Ann says, "Except for Gilligan," before she and Ginger start crying again.
Gilligan is occasionally the exception to the rescue ruination though. In the episode involving both the finding of the S.S. Minnow's life raft and repairing of it, along with the discovery of gold on the island, the Professor warned the castaways to not bring gold on the raft due to weight concerns, but every castaway brought a personal item on with them to smuggle gold, with an alternate excuse as to why (including the Professor and the Skipper), causing the raft to sink in the lagoon and for them to lose both the raft and gold. However after they all confess to bringing a bag of gold on the raft, they all turn and look at Gilligan, who realizes he was the only one who didn't try to smuggle gold, causing him to laugh and say, "That's funny. Usually I'm the one left holding the bag."
Despite an awkward exterior, Gilligan has shown some intelligence. He tenaciously guards his position, particularly when someone tries to use him. Gilligan has also proven his willingness to "step up to the plate" should leadership call – although, if Gilligan doesn't break the plate, it usually fractures. In the end, a double measure of fortune corrects his missteps. Gilligan, like Barney Fife, Gomer Pyle and other comic figures of the era, is considered an unlikely or "backdoor" hero, whose good intentions always win out over sheer stupidity.
Cultural impact 
Today Gilligan is widely recognized as an American popular culture icon; he ranked at 122nd place in the July 2003 list of 200 Greatest Pop Culture Icons compiled by VH-1 and People magazine.
Gilligan's full name has been a subject of debate among fans of the series for decades. On the 2004 DVD release of season one, Gilligan's Island — The Complete First Season a documentary called Before the Three Hour Tour, shows that Sherwood Schwartz's original treatment for the series indicated that Gilligan's full name in the failed pilot was to be "Willy Gilligan". But that rendition, with other unfamiliar castaways, was canned and did not air. The documentary also reveals that Schwartz found the name "Gilligan" by flipping through a Los Angeles phone book.
Bob Denver, on various television/radio interviews (The Pat Sajak Show; KDKA radio), said that "Gil Egan" was his choice. The actor reasoned that because everyone yelled at the first mate, it ran together as "Gilligan."
Despite the creator's choice of first name, no name but "Gilligan" is used in any of the three seasons, animated series, TV movies, or even the aired first episode, which includes the names of the Professor and the Skipper. (In the unaired pilot, Lovey Howell addresses Gilligan as "steward," as in a ship's steward, not "Stewart" as some devotees allege.) In Rescue from Gilligan's Island, the returning castaways' full names are announced, but the writers, heightening the folklore surrounding Gilligan, artfully dodged giving his first name. So, just as Columbo is never officially given a first name on air, neither is Gilligan.
At the end of A Very Brady Sequel, a movie based on the Brady Bunch characters also created by Sherwood Schwartz, Carol Brady reveals that her first husband was a professor lost on a boat. Dr. Whitehead (played by John Hillerman) says "and my son Gilligan was first mate on that boat."
- See also Robert M. Jarvis, "Legal Tales from Gilligan's Island", Santa Clara Law Review 39(1): 185–205 (1998), especially footnote 7 (the name "was amusing enough to indicate a comedy series and acceptable enough to avoid burlesque").