Gilling Abbey

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Gilling Abbey was a medieval Anglo-Saxon monastery established in Yorkshire.

It was founded at Gilling in what is currently Yorkshire[1] by Queen Eanflæd, the wife of King Oswiu of Northumbria, who persuaded her husband to found it at the site where Oswiu had killed a rival and kinsman, King Oswine of Deira.[2] Oswine died around 651 or 652. Eanflæd forced her husband to found the monastery in order to atone for Oswine's death, as Eanflæd was related to Oswine also,[3] and was Oswine's second cousin. Under the laws of the time, the only way that Eanflæd could take revenge was to kill her husband, unless she accepted a weregild. The abbey was located on the estate she received as weregild.[4] Eanflæd also requested that the first abbot be a kinsman of Oswine's.[5] By founding the monastery, Oswiu and Eanflæd avoided the creation of a feud.[6] The date of foundation was shortly after Oswine's death.[7]

The monastery promoted the cult of Oswine as a saint, one of a number of murdered Anglo-Saxon kings that were considered saints.[8]

The first abbot of the monastery was a relative of Oswine's named Trumhere.[2] The second abbot was Cynefrith, who later left the abbey and went to Ireland.[9] Another early abbot was Trumbert, who either became Bishop of Hexham after being abbot,[10] or was abbot after being deposed as bishop.[11] Gilling may be identical with the monastery of Ingetlingum, which had close ties to the monastery at Ripon, which was held by Wilfrid.[12] Gilling became depopulated from the plague,[13] sometime before 669.[14] Because of this, one of the monks there, Ceolfrith, brother of Cynefrith, went to Ripon.[9] Ceolfrith later went to Wearmouth-Jarrow, where he became abbot.[13] It is unknown whether the depopulation of the monastery from the plague meant the end of the religious community at Gilling, or if it continued to exist after that.[15]

The abbey's location has traditionally held to have been in or near Gilling West, Yorkshire. An alternative location of Gilling East, Yorkshire has been proposed by historians Richard Morris and Ian Wood.[16]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Blair Church in Anglo-Saxon Society p. 187 footnote 20
  2. ^ a b Kirby "Northumbria" Saint Wilfrid at Hexham p. 19
  3. ^ Kirby Earliest English Kings p. 78
  4. ^ Yorke Kings and Kingdoms p. 80
  5. ^ Yorke Conversion of Britain p. 230
  6. ^ Yorke Conversion of Britain p. 234
  7. ^ Mayr-Harting Coming of Christianity p. 106
  8. ^ Yorke Conversion of Britain p. 193
  9. ^ a b Blair World of Bede p. 101
  10. ^ Kirby "Northumbira" Saint Wilfrid at Hexham p. 23
  11. ^ Kirby Earliest English Kings p. 91
  12. ^ Roper "Wilfrid's Landholdings" Saint Wilfrid at Hexham p. 61
  13. ^ a b Blair World of Bede pp. 162–163
  14. ^ Mayr-Harting Coming of Christiantiy p. 166
  15. ^ Pickles "Locating Ingetlingum and Suthgedling" Northern History p. 316
  16. ^ Pickles "Locating Ingetlingum and Suthgedling" Northern History pp. 313-314

Sources[edit]

  • Blair, John P. (2005). The Church in Anglo-Saxon Society. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-921117-5. 
  • Blair, Peter Hunter (1990). The World of Bede (Reprint of 1970 ed.). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-39819-3. 
  • Kirby, D. P. (2000). The Earliest English Kings. New York: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-24211-8. 
  • Kiby, D. P. (1974). "Northumbria in the Time of Wilfrid". In Kirby, D. P. Saint Wilfrid at Hexham. Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: Oriel Press. pp. 1–34. ISBN 0-85362-155-1. 
  • Mayr-Harting, Henry (1991). The Coming of Christianity to Anglo-Saxon England. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press. ISBN 0-271-00769-9. 
  • Pickles, Thomas (September 2009). "Locating Ingetlingum and Suthgedling: Gilling West and Gilling East". Northern History XLVI (2): 313–325. doi:10.1179/174587009X452369. 
  • Roper, Michael (1974). "Wilfrid's Landholdings in Northumbria". In Kirby, D. P. Saint Wilfrid at Hexham. Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: Oriel Press. pp. 61–79. ISBN 0-85362-155-1. 
  • Yorke, Barbara (2006). The Conversion of Britain: Religion, Politics and Society in Britain c. 600–800. London: Pearson/Longman. ISBN 0-582-77292-3. 
  • Yorke, Barbara (1997). Kings and Kingdoms of Early Anglo-Saxon England. New York: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-16639-X.