Gilmanton, New Hampshire

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Gilmanton, New Hampshire
Town
High Street in 1910
High Street in 1910
Official seal of Gilmanton, New Hampshire
Seal
Location in Belknap County, New Hampshire
Location in Belknap County, New Hampshire
Coordinates: 43°25′26″N 71°24′49″W / 43.42389°N 71.41361°W / 43.42389; -71.41361Coordinates: 43°25′26″N 71°24′49″W / 43.42389°N 71.41361°W / 43.42389; -71.41361
Country United States
State New Hampshire
County Belknap
Incorporated 1727
Government
 • Board of Selectmen Brett A. Currier, Chair
Donald J. Guarino
Stephen J. McCormack
Area
 • Total 59.0 sq mi (152.8 km2)
 • Land 57.2 sq mi (148.2 km2)
 • Water 1.8 sq mi (4.6 km2)  2.98%
Elevation 988 ft (301 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 3,777
 • Density 66/sq mi (25.5/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 03237
Area code(s) 603
FIPS code 33-28980
GNIS feature ID 0873604
Website www.gilmantonnh.org

Gilmanton is a town in Belknap County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 3,777 at the 2010 census.[1] Gilmanton includes the villages of Gilmanton Corner and Gilmanton Ironworks. The town became well known in the 1950s after it was rumored that the popular novel Peyton Place, written by resident Grace Metalious, was based on the town.[2]

History[edit]

Gilmanton was incorporated in 1727. First known as Gilmantown, the town was home to the Gilman family, originally settled at Exeter.[3] Twenty-four members of the Gilman family received land grants in the new town of Gilmanton. (Other families related to the Gilmans also received grants in the new town, including the Dudleys, the Leavitts, the Folsoms and the Coffins.)[4] At one time it was the second-largest town in the state, following Portsmouth. The original town was larger than it is now, with villages and parishes including Belmont, Gunstock Parish (Gilford), Hurricane, Tioga, Factory Village and Lakeport. A parish first called Averytown, the site of an unprofitable iron-mining enterprise, is still known as Gilmanton Iron Works.[5]

Gilmanton Academy was incorporated in 1794, "...one of the three academies first founded in the state..."[6] In 1808 the original building burned and was replaced with the current building which now houses the town offices.

Gilmanton Theological Seminary was provided for by the terms of the original charter of Gilmanton Academy. Rev. Heman Rood, from New Milford, Connecticut, was the first professor in 1835. By 1841 a large, three-story brick building designed by Ammi B. Young was completed for the seminary's use.[7]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 59.0 square miles (153 km2), of which 57.2 square miles (148 km2) is land and 1.8 square miles (4.7 km2) is water, comprising 2.98% of the town.[1] The highest point in Gilmanton is Mount Mack, at 1,945 feet (593 m) above sea level, on the town line with Gilford. Crystal Lake is in the east, and Shellcamp Pond is in the west. Gilmanton lies fully within the Merrimack River watershed.[8]

The town is served by four state routes: 106, 129, 107 and 140. Route 107 is part of Old Province Road, an important road in New Hampshire's early history, and Route 106 is a well-traveled connection between Laconia and Concord. Route 140 is an east-west highway leading from Tilton to Alton. The intersection NH 107 and NH 140 is at Gilmanton Corners, one of the two major villages. Gilmanton Corner (or simply "Gilmanton", as shown on topographic maps) is the location of several historic buildings, including Gilmanton Academy and Centre Congregational Church. Gilmanton Ironworks is located in the eastern part of town along NH 140, near the outlet of Crystal Lake.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 3,060 people, 1,165 households, and 900 families residing in the town. The population density was 53.6 people per square mile (20.7/km²). There were 1,848 housing units at an average density of 32.4 per square mile (12.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.59% White, 0.10% African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.13% Asian, and 0.98% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.29% of the population.

There were 1,165 households out of which 33.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.8% were married couples living together, 5.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.7% were non-families. 17.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the town the population was spread out with 24.2% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 27.6% from 45 to 64, and 11.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 102.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.1 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $50,542, and the median income for a family was $51,712. Males had a median income of $37,077 versus $27,727 for females. The per capita income for the town was $23,163. About 3.3% of families and 5.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.8% of those under age 18 and 9.1% of those age 65 or over.

Sites of interest[edit]

National Register of Historic Places[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Gilmanton Academy c. 1869

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001) - Gilmanton town, Belknap County, New Hampshire". U.S. Census Bureau American Factfinder. Retrieved November 7, 2011. 
  2. ^ People Magazine, September 28, 1981, "25 Years After Peyton Place, Her New Hampshire Town Has Not Forgiven Grace Metalious." [1]
  3. ^ The History of Gilmanton: Embracing the Proprietary, Civil, Literary, etc., Daniel Lancaster, Gilmanton, Alfred Prescott, 1845
  4. ^ The History of Gilmanton, Daniel Lancaster, 1845
  5. ^ Coolidge, Austin J.; John B. Mansfield (1859). A History and Description of New England. Boston, Massachusetts. pp. 500–502. 
  6. ^ History of Merrimack and Belknap Counties, New Hampshire Philadelphia: J.W. Lewis & Co., 1885, . http://www.nh.searchroots.com/documents/History_Gilmanton_NH.txt accessed 12/04/2013
  7. ^ http://www.nh.searchroots.com/documents/History_Gilmanton_NH.txt
  8. ^ Foster, Debra H.; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N.; Medalie, Laura (1995). Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers. U.S. Department of the Interior and U.S. Geological Survey. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  10. ^ Metcalf, Henry Harrison and McClintock, John Norris (1915). The Granite Monthly: A New Hampshire Magazine Devoted to History ..., Volume 47. H.H. Metcalf,. p. 447. 
  11. ^ "New Hampshire Governor William Badger". National Governors Association. Retrieved December 5, 2013. 
  12. ^ "BEAN, Curtis Coe, (1828 - 1904)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved December 5, 2013. 
  13. ^ "Jazz Scholar Rudi Blesh; Historian, Biographer, Criticpublisher=Los Angeles Times". August 31, 1985. Retrieved December 5, 2013. 
  14. ^ Marquis, Albert Nelson. The book of Chicagoans a biographical dictionary of leading living men of the city of Chicago. Chicago: A.N. Marquis & Co., 1911. 132. Print. Copy & Paste | Parenthetical
  15. ^ http://histriomastix.typepad.com/about.html
  16. ^ "EASTMAN, Ira Allen, (1809 - 1881)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved December 5, 2013. 
  17. ^ "EASTMAN, Nehemiah, (1782 - 1856)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved December 5, 2013. 
  18. ^ http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=F000234
  19. ^ "FRENCH, John Robert, (1819 - 1890)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved December 5, 2013. 
  20. ^ "Charles Andrew Gilman". Minnesota Historical Society. Retrieved December 5, 2013. 
  21. ^ "H. H. Holmes". A+E Television Networks, LLC. Retrieved December 5, 2013. 
  22. ^ Cornelius, Elias. The American quarterly register Vol. 13, Boston 1841. 176. Print.
  23. ^ Lancaster, Daniel. The history of Gilmanton, embracing the proprietary, civil, literary, ecclesiastical, biographical, genealogical, and miscellaneous history, from the first settlement to the present time; including what is now Gilford, to the time it was disannexed.. Gilmanton N.H.: Printed by A. Prescott, 1845. 140, 142. Print.
  24. ^ Toth, Emily. Inside Peyton Place. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1981. Print.
  25. ^ "PEASLEE, Charles Hazen, (1804 - 1866)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved December 5, 2013. 
  26. ^ Wilson, James Grant, and John Fiske. Appleton's cyclopædia of American biography,. New York: D. Appleton and Co., 1900. Print.
  27. ^ The Granite Monthly: A New Hampshire Magazine, Volume 16. Granite Monthly Co. 1894. p. 131. 
  28. ^ "SANBORN, JOHN SEWELL,". University of Toronto. Retrieved December 5, 2013. 
  29. ^ Charlesworth, James C. (1969) "The Academy Dips Its Colors to Dr. Sellin," Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 381: pp. iii-iv
  30. ^ Johnson, Rossiter and Brown, John Howard (1904). he Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans. Biographical Soceity. 
  31. ^ Hardy, Stella Pickett (1911). Colonial Families of the Southern States of America: A History and Genealogy of Colonial Families who Settled in the Colonies Prior to the Revolution. T.A. Wright. p. 368. 
  32. ^ http://www.andoverhistorical.org/manuscripts/manuscripts-mss697.htm

External links[edit]