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|Scottish Gaelic: Baile GhilleMhoire|
Gilmerton Post Office
Gilmerton shown within Edinburgh
|OS grid reference|
|– Edinburgh||4 miles (6.4 km)|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|UK Parliament||Edinburgh South|
|Scottish Parliament||Edinburgh Eastern|
The toponym "Gilmerton" is derived from a combination of Scottish Gaelic: Gille-Moire – a personal name and later surname meaning "Servant of [the Virgin] Mary", from which comes the first element, "Gilmer", – and Old English: ton meaning "settlement" or "farmstead". Versions of the name are recorded from the middle of the 12th century.
Gilmerton used to be a coal mining village. Below its centre is a series of shallow linked caves collectively called Gilmerton Cove. Traditionally they were attributed to the work of a local blacksmith, George Paterson, who supposedly completed excavations in 1724 and lived in the caves for several years, although there may be reasons to doubt this.