Gimhae Air Base

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Gimhae Air Base
김해
Gimhae Gonggun Kige
Kimhae Konggun Kige
IATA: PUSICAO: RKPK
PUS is located in South Korea
PUS
PUS
Location of air base in South Korea
Summary
Airport type Military/Public
Operator Republic of Korea Air Force
Location Busan
Elevation AMSL 6 ft / 2 m
Coordinates 35°10′46″N 128°56′18″E / 35.17944°N 128.93833°E / 35.17944; 128.93833
Website [1]
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
18L/36R 2,745 9,007 Asphalt
18R/36L 3,200 10,499 Concrete
Source: Korea Airports Corporation[1]

Gimhae Air Base (IATA: PUSICAO: RKPK) is a Republic of Korea Air Force (ROKAF) base adjacent to Gimhae International Airport. Runway 18L/36R is used for military purposes only.

Units[edit]

The base is home to the ROKAF's 5th Tactical Airlift Wing (제5전술공수비행단), comprising:

  • 251st Tactical Air Support Squadron flying the C-130H and C-130H-30
  • 256th Tactical Air Support Squadron flying the CN235-100M
  • 258th Tactical Support Squadron flying the CN235-100M and CN235-220M
  • 259th Tactical Air Support Squadron flying the UH-60P

The ROKAF's 4 Boeing 737 AEW&C Peace Eye aircraft were all delivered to the base which is to be the home base for the aircraft.[2][3]

Until September 2010 a contingent of United States Air Force personnel of the 607th Materiel Maintenance Squadron served in a co-located operating base on Gimhae Air Base.[4]

History[edit]

The base was originally established during the Korean War as Pusan West (K-1) Air Base and hosted United States Air Force and United States Marine Corps units.[5]

On 25 June 1950, 10 divisions of the North Korean People's Army attacked the Republic of Korea. The North Koreans quickly overwhelmed the South Korean Army and moved south. Following the passing of United Nations Security Council Resolution 83 on 27 June 1950, President Truman ordered US forces to defend the Republic of Korea. On 30 June 1950 C-54s of the Fifth Air Force began transporting a battalion of the 24th Infantry Division from Itazuke Air Base to K-1, however the weight of the C-54s damaged the runway and later flights were made using C-47s. On 2 July the Battalion, known as Task Force Smith, boarded trains to Taejon and was destroyed on 4 July in the Battle of Osan.[6]

On 7 July 1950 two L-5s and an SC-47 from the 3rd Air Rescue Squadron (3rd ARS) deployed to K-1 from Ashiya AB in Japan, but the aircraft proved unsuitable for the terrain and returned to Japan on 16 July.[7] On 30 August, the 3rd ARS formally organized Detachment F, with six H-5s at K-1. Following the success of the Inchon landing Detachment F moved north to Seoul (K-16) Air Base.[8]

In November 1950 the Air Defense Section of Marine Tactical Air Control Squadron 2 was deployed to K-1 to establish a tactical command and control center.[9]

By April 1951 K-1 served as the headquarters of the First Marine Air Wing and Marine Aircraft Group 12 was based at K-1 to provide aircraft for combat missions and special missions. VMA-513 flying F7Fs and F4U-5Ns were flying out of K-1 and providing the sole night fighter air defense and interdiction support to all UN forces in Korea.

On 31 May 1951 a US Navy R5D-3 #56513 hit a mountain at the end of the base killing all 5 passengers and crew.[10]

In November 1951 the 1903rd Aviation Engineer Battalion arrived at K-1 and relieved the First Marine Air Wing of all responsibilities for maintaining the base and runways. Maintenance responsibility was later assumed by the 366th Aviation Battalion.

A ROKAF Tachikawa Ki-9 at K-1 in 1951

From October to December 1952, the 17th Bombardment Wing was based at K-1 to allow for the resurfacing of the Pusan East (K-9) Air Base runway from PSP to asphalt.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Gimhae International Airport". Korea Airports Corporation. Retrieved 21 May 2013. 
  2. ^ "Korea gets 1st early warning aircraft". The Korea Times. August 1, 2011. 
  3. ^ "First ROKAF Peace Eye Boeing 737 AEW&C Delivered". Key Aero. 21 September 2011. Retrieved 21 May 2013. 
  4. ^ "Materiel maintenance squadron consolidating to K-2 Air Base". Stars and Stripes. 15 July 2010. Retrieved 21 May 2013. 
  5. ^ "K-Bases in Korea". National Museum of the US Air Force. Retrieved 21 May 2013. 
  6. ^ Leary, William (2008). Anything, Anywhere, Anytime: Combat Cargo in the Korean War. DIANE Publishing. p. 1. ISBN 9781428990555. 
  7. ^ Marion, Forrest (2004). That Others May Live: USAF Air Rescue in Korea. Government Printing Office. p. 1. ISBN 9780160876257. 
  8. ^ "The rise of the helicopter during the Korean War". History Net. Retrieved 22 May 2013. 
  9. ^ "Marine Air Support Squadron 2". United States Marine Corps. Retrieved 22 May 2013. 
  10. ^ "ASN Aircraft Accident Douglas R5D-3". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 22 May 2013.