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|Dessert, main course|
|Place of origin:|
|Hot or cold|
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Ginataan, alternatively spelled guinataan, is a Filipino term which refers to food cooked with gata - the Filipino word for coconut milk. Literally translated, ginataan means "done with coconut milk". Due to the general nature of the term, it can refer to a number of different dishes, each called ginataan, but distinct from one another.
Ginataan usually refers to viands, which are eaten with rice during the major meals of the day. It normally follows the form "ginataan na/ginataang + (whatever it is cooked with)". For example, ginataang hipon refers to shrimp cooked in coconut milk, ginataang gulay to an assortment of vegetables cooked in coconut milk, while ginataang alimango is mud crabs cooked in coconut milk. Coconut milk can also be added to existing dishes, as in ginataang adobo.
Ginataan is also a name shared by various desserts; for example, binignit, a soup made with coconut milk, tubers, tapioca pearls, and sago. This soup is also called "giná-tan" in Bikolano, "ginettaán" in Ilokano, and "ginat-an" in Hiligaynon. If gummy balls made of pounded glutinous rice are added, it becomes a dish called bilo-bilo. Ginataang mais is another example of a dessert soup; a warm, sweet, thick gruel made with coconut milk, sweet corn and glutinous rice.
There are other dishes that are known by their own unique names, such as Bicol Express and pinakbet, which also nonetheless fall under the ginataan category because of the nature of the main ingredient, which is coconut milk.
- "Spanish Influence on Filipino Food". Retrieved 2009-03-20.