Ginger Snaps (film)
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||John Fawcett|
|Produced by||Karen Lee Hall
|Written by||Karen Walton
|Music by||Mike Shields|
|Editing by||Brett Sullivan|
|Distributed by||Motion International|
|Running time||108 minutes|
Ginger Snaps is a 2000 Canadian werewolf horror film directed by John Fawcett. The film focuses on two teenage sisters, Ginger and Brigitte Fitzgerald (Katharine Isabelle and Emily Perkins), who have a fascination with death. The title is a pun on the cookie gingersnap. "Snap" (snapping) also relates to losing one's self-control, or a quick, aggressive bite. During the film's production, the Columbine High School massacre and the W. R. Myers High School shooting took place, causing public controversy over the film's horror themes and the funding it received from Telefilm.
The film is set in Bailey Downs, a suburb where a rash of dog killings has been occurring. Brigitte (Emily Perkins) and Ginger Fitzgerald (Katharine Isabelle) are teenaged sisters who harbor a fascination with death and, as children, formed a pact to die together. One night, while on the way to kidnapping a dog owned by classmate Trina Sinclair (Danielle Hampton), the girls are attacked by the paranormal creature responsible for the maulings. The creature wounds Ginger, but Brigitte rescues her. As the girls flee, the creature is run over by a van belonging to Sam (Kris Lemche), a local drug dealer. Ginger decides not to go the hospital as her wounds rapidly heal.
Following the attack, Ginger undergoes physical and mental transformations that concern Brigitte. Ginger starts to behave aggressively, grow hair from her wounds, sprouts a tail, and heavily menstruates. Ignoring Brigitte's warnings, Ginger has unprotected sex with a classmate named Jason and kills a neighbour's dog. Brigitte and Sam agree that Ginger was attacked by a lycanthrope and is in the process of turning into one. On Sam's advice, Brigitte persuades Ginger to have her navel pierced using the ring in the hopes of curing her; instead it proves ineffective. Sam then suggests a monkshood solution, which is unfeasible as the plant is only found in the spring.
Later, Trina shows up at the Fitzgerald house to accuse Ginger of kidnapping her dog. As she fights with Ginger, Trina is accidentally killed when she slips and hits her head on the kitchen counter. The sisters narrowly avoid their parents as they put the body in a freezer, explaining the blood to be part of another school project. Brigitte accidentally breaks off two of Trina's fingers while trying to get the corpse from the freezer. They lose the fingers when they bury Trina's body. Brigitte tells Ginger she can't go out anymore, but Ginger remains defiant.
On Halloween, Brigitte takes monkshood purchased by her mother (Mimi Rogers) and asks Sam to make the cure. While trying to track down Ginger, Brigitte is attacked by an infected Jason and she defends herself by using the cure on him. She witnesses his immediate change in behavior, which proves the cure's success. At school, Brigitte finds that Ginger has murdered the guidance counselor, Mr. Wayne (Peter Keleghan), and is a witness to her killing of the school's janitor.
The mother discovers Trina's corpse, and goes looking for her daughters. While she is looking for them, she sees Brigitte running, and picks her up. As she drives Brigitte to the Greenhouse Bash, she tells her that she will burn the house down by letting it fill up with gas then lighting a match to erase evidence of Trina's death. Brigitte arrives to find Sam rejecting Ginger's advances. As he approaches Ginger, she breaks his arm. In despair, Brigitte infects herself as Sam pleads with her not to. As the sisters leave, Sam knocks Ginger out with a shovel. Brigitte and Sam then take her back to the Fitzgerald house in his van, and prepare more of the cure for Ginger.
Ginger fully transforms into a werewolf on the way home and escapes the van. Aware that she has transformed, Sam and Brigitte hide in the pantry as he makes the cure. When he goes to find Ginger, Ginger-Wolf mutilates Sam. Brigitte picks up the dropped syringe, and follows the blood trail downstairs. She tries to drink Sam's blood in an attempt to calm Ginger-Wolf, but chokes on it. Ginger-Wolf senses Brigitte's insincerity and kills Sam in front of her.
As Ginger-Wolf stalks Brigitte through the basement, Brigitte returns to the room where they grew up. Finding the knife that Ginger had been using to remove her tail, Brigitte holds the cure in one hand and the knife in the other. Ginger-Wolf lunges at Brigitte who accidentally stabs her with the knife. As the movie ends, Brigitte lays her head upon Ginger-Wolf, sobbing, listening until her breathing finally stops, at which point the credits start to roll.
- Emily Perkins as Brigitte Fitzgerald, the main protagonist, who throughout the film tries to cure her sister.
- Katharine Isabelle as Ginger Fitzgerald, Brigitte's older sister, the main antagonist and title character.
- Kris Lemche as Sam, a drug dealer who befriends Brigitte. The secondary protagonist
- Mimi Rogers as Pamela Fitzgerald, the sisters' mother.
- Jesse Moss as Jason McCardy, Ginger's boyfriend, who is infected by lycanthropy through having sex with Ginger.
- Danielle Hampton as Trina Sinclair, an antagonist, a bully of the Fitzgerald sisters.
- John Bourgeois as Henry Fitzgerald, the sisters' father.
- Peter Keleghan as Mr. Wayne, the guidance councilor and victim of Ginger.
- Christopher Redman as Ben
- Jimmy MacInnis as Tim
- Lindsay Leese as Nurse Ferry
- Wendii Fulford as Ms. Sykes
- Lucy Lawless voice on school's PA system
In January 1995 John Fawcett "Knew that he wanted to make a metamorphosis movie and a horror film. He also knew that he wanted to work with young girls." He talked to screenwriter Karen Walton, who was initially reluctant to write the script due to the horror genre's reputation for weak characters, poor storytelling, and a negative portrayal of women. However, Fawcett convinced Walton this film would re-interpret the genre.
The two encountered trouble financing the film. They approached producer Steve Hoban, with whom they had worked before, and he agreed to produce the film. Hoban employed Ken Chubb to edit and polish the story, and after two years they were ready to seek financiers.
Motion International committed to financing and distributing the film in Canada, and Trimark agreed to be the American distributor and financier. The film seemed ready to go into production by fall of 1998, however negotiations with Trimark made the producers miss the budgeting deadline for Telefilm Canada, the Canadian federal film funding agency. Rather than go ahead with only 60% of the funding, Hoban decided to wait a year for Telefilm's funding. During this interval Trimark dropped the film. Lions Gate Films took Trimark's place, and Unapix Entertainment agreed to distribute the DVD. The film's budget was less than $5,000,000 Canadian dollars.
Actually casting the two leads met with substantial difficulty. Whilst a casting director was easily found for Los Angeles, Canadian casting directors proved to be appalled by the horror, gore, and language. When one finally agreed to pick up the film, the Columbine shooting and another school shooting in Alberta suddenly thrust the public spotlight on violent teens. The Toronto Star's announcement that Telefilm was funding a "teen slasher movie" met with a flurry of debate and outrage in the media, which generated a remarkable amount of (adverse) publicity for such a small, independent film.
Casting took place in Los Angeles, New York, Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver. Emily Perkins and Katharine Isabelle auditioned on the same day at their agency in Vancouver, reading to one another off-camera. When their taped auditions arrived, screenwriter Karen Walton said that they were exactly as she had pictured the characters.
Interestingly, both actresses were born in the same hospital, attended the same pre-school, elementary and private schools, and are at the same agency. Perkins was twenty-two at the time and Isabelle four years younger, but it was Perkins who would be cast as the younger sister.
Thus, after six months of fruitless searching, the two leads were found on the same day. Attention then turned to the next most important characters: the drug dealer and the mother roles. Mimi Rogers readily agreed to play the mother, Pamela, saying that she liked the black humour and comic relief in the role. Robin Cook, the Canadian casting director, put forward one of her favourites, Kris Lemche, for the role of drug dealer Sam. After seeing Kris's audition, Fawcett hired him.
The film was shot between October 25, 1999 and December 6, 1999, lasting six weeks and two days. Three of Toronto's suburbs, Etobicoke, Brampton (Kris Lemche's home town), and Scarborough served as the suburb of Bailey Downs. Shooting outside during Toronto's winter for sixteen hours a day, six days a week meant that sicknesses would make their rounds through the cast and crew every few weeks.
On the first day of principal photography in the suburbs, all the stills photographs for the title sequence were created. The bloody, staged deaths drew a crowd and Fawcett worried about upsetting the neighbours. The girls were covered in fake blood for the shots and, at the time, a homeowner's basement served as their changing room. Each time they needed to change, someone had to distract the homeowner's four-year-old child.
The schedule was quickly so off kilter that cast and crew were turning up to shoot day scenes at 11:00 p.m., and shooting for a day scene in the greenhouse began at midnight. The Director of Photography solved the problem by using diffusion gel and four eighteen kilowatt lamps which generated enough light to be seen a mile high in the sky.
The special effects proved to be a major hardship as Fawcett eschewed CGI effects, and preferred to use more traditional means of prosthetics and make-up. Consequently Isabelle had to spend up to seven hours in the makeup chair to create Ginger's transformation and a further two hours to remove them. Often covered in sticky fake blood that required Borax and household detergent to remove, she further endured wearing contacts that hindered her vision and teeth that meant she couldn't speak without a lisp. The most aggravating thing was the full facial prosthetic which gave her a permanently runny nose that she had to stop up with Q-tips.
Beginning in December 1999, Brett Sullivan, the editor, worked with John Fawcett for eight weeks to create the final cut of the film. Despite the short time for editing the film was nominated for a Genie in editing. Sound designer David McCallum of Tattersall Despite a similarly tight schedule in the sound department, the film would also be nominated for a Genie in sound editing.
Ginger Snaps was well received by critics, and compared favourably with auteur David Cronenberg's work. Critics also praised the lead actresses performances and the film's use of lycanthropy as a metaphor for puberty. Ginger Snaps won the Special Jury Citation award at the Toronto International Film Festival.
The film was "seemingly left for dead" upon its 2000 premier at the Toronto Film Festival but is now considered a cult film. The film was well received by critics, boasting an 89% "Certified Fresh" rating on Tomatometer. Critics' praise was centred on the quality of acting by the two leads, the horrific transformation reminiscent of Cronenberg, the use of lycanthropy as a metaphor for puberty, and the dark humour.
Critics who panned the film thought the puberty metaphor too obvious, the characters too over the top (especially the mother), and the dark humour and horror elements unbalanced. However, they did credit it as a worthy attempt and often gave it half marks on their star scales.
The film grossed C$425,753 domestically, making it the fifth highest-grossing Canadian film between December 2000 and November 2001. Owing to a cult following, it has achieved significant video and DVD sales. These earnings, combined with moderate theatrical success abroad, led to the production of two further films.
Because the film links lycanthropy to menstruation and features two sisters, Ginger Snaps lends itself to a feminist critique. "By simultaneously depicting female bonds as important and fraught with difficulties, Ginger Snaps portrays the double-binds teenage girls face." and "Ginger is an embodiment of these impossible binaries: she is at once sexually attractive and monstrous, 'natural' and 'supernatural,' human and animal, 'feminine' and transgressive, a sister and a rival."
Nominations and awards
The International Horror Guild named Ginger Snaps the best film of 2001. Málaga International Week of Fantastic Cinema awarded it best film, best special effects, and best actress Emily Perkins. The Toronto International Film Festival gave it a Special Jury Citation. Ginger Snaps won the first Saturn Award for best DVD release of 2002 from the Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Films, USA. Karen Walton won a Canadian Comedy award for Pretty Funny Writing for Ginger Snaps.
The soundtrack was released on Roadrunner Records.
|2.||"Pipe Dream"||Project 86||4:35|
|4.||"The Silent Acquiescence of Millions"||Sinch||8:44|
|5.||"Temple from the Within"||Killswitch Engage||3:45|
|6.||"First Commandment"||Soulfly (feat. Chino Moreno)||4:29|
|7.||"Cloning Technology"||Fear Factory||5:52|
|8.||"A Night Like This"||Professional Murder Music||3:28|
|9.||"Desire to Fire"||Machine Head||4:49|
|10.||"Burial for the Living"||Hatebreed||1:40|
|12.||"Of One Blood"||Shadows Fall||4:45|
|13.||"Action Radius"||Junkie XL||3:53|
|14.||"Her Ghost in the Fog"||Cradle of Filth||6:24|
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (May 2010)|
Grant Harvey, a producer on both the second and third films, thought a TV series would probably be the best way to extend the franchise, citing the idea of tracing a character "from story to story, setting to setting, telling stories about werewolves," inspired by Brendan Fletcher having appeared in both the sequel and prequel (as different characters). But such decisions rest with Steve Hoban, senior producer of the trilogy, who made it clear there were no plans for any more Ginger Snaps films, pointing to the failure of the sequels to secure theatrical releases as the reason. Though he gave some hope to fans, stating that were there enough interest in the sequels, and the DVDs did well enough, there "was a good chance of some kind of Ginger Snaps project in the future". He went on to say that, whether it be in film or TV series form, he favoured taking it forward with the character Ghost (portrayed by Tatiana Maslany) from Ginger Snaps II: Unleashed.
Based on successful DVD sales, both a sequel, Ginger Snaps II: Unleashed, and a prequel, Ginger Snaps Back: The Beginning, were filmed back-to-back in 2003. Even though Ginger Snaps II: Unleashed had a limited, yet wider, release than the original, it failed dismally at the box office. Consequently Ginger Snaps Back: The Beginning went direct-to-video.
- "Ginger Snaps: Press Kit" (Press release). TVA International. 2000-07-17. Retrieved 2006-11-30.
- Nusair, David. "Ginger Snaps (2001)". reelfilm.com. Retrieved November 19, 2006.
- Taylor, Charles (October 26, 2001). "Ginger Snaps". salon.com. Retrieved 2006-11-30.
- Allan, Keri. "Katharine Isabelle" (2001). sci-fi-online.com. Retrieved November 19, 2006.
- "Canadian Awards History Search". Retrieved 2006-12-11.
- Kehr, David (2001). "She Was a Teenage Werewolf". New York Times. Retrieved November 18, 2006.
- Lim, David. "Vicious Cycles Ginger Snaps; A Chronicle of Corpses; Kill by Inches" (2001). Village Voice. Retrieved November 18, 2006.
- The A.V. Club - "The New Cult Canon - Ginger Snaps"
- "Rotten Tomatoes". Retrieved 2007-10-03.
- "Blood Sisters"(2000). Sight and Sound. Retrieved November 28, 2006.
- Waldron-Mangani, Ian. "Ginger Snaps" (2001). ukcritic.com. Retrieved November 19, 2006.
- Axmaker, Sean. "'Ginger Snaps' is a teen werewolf film with real bite". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved November 19, 2006.
- Gonzalez, Ed. "Ginger Snaps" (2000). Slant Magazine. Retrieved November 19, 2006.
- Chambers, Bill. "Ginger Snaps" (2001). filmfreakcentral.net. Retrieved November 19, 2006.
- Bracken, Laura. "Monsters make move on Edmonton" (2003). Playback Magazine. Retrieved November 19, 2006.
- Nielsen, Bianca (March 2004). ""Something's Wrong, Like More Than You Being Female": Transgressive Sexuality and Discourses of Reproduction in Ginger Snaps". Thirdspace. Retrieved 2006-12-15.
- "International Horror Guild". Retrieved 2006-12-11.
- "Semana Internacional de Cine Fantàstico de Málaga" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2007-01-09. Retrieved 2006-12-11.
- "The Film Reference Library". Retrieved 2006-12-11.
- "Saturn Award Winners". Retrieved 2006-12-11.
- "And the 2002 Canadian Comedy awards go to...". BCE. 2002.
- Grove, David. "Ginger Snaps - The Series" (2004). Creaturecorner.com. Retrieved November 18, 2006.
- Official website
- Official UK website
- Ginger Snaps - the movie
- Ginger Snaps at the Internet Movie Database
- Ginger Snaps at allmovie
- Ginger Snaps at Rotten Tomatoes
- Ginger Snaps at Box Office Mojo