|• Mayor||Atsushi Sakima (since February 2012)|
|• Total||19.51 km2 (7.53 sq mi)|
|Population (December 2012)|
|• Density||4,838.8/km2 (12,532/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)|
|Address||1-1-1 Nodake, Ginowan-shi, Okinawa-ken
Ginowan is located in the south of Okinawa, and sits on the western coast of the island along the East China Sea. The city sits on gently-sloping coastal terrace composed of Ryukyuan limestone. 38% of the city is occupied by military bases used by the United States.
Clockwise, starting north, Ginowan borders on the following municipalities in Okinawa Prefecture:
Its tourist attractions include two castle ruins.
Ginowan was heavily damaged after World War II. After the war, half of the area of the city was allocated for use by the United States military. Immediately after the war a refugee camp was built in the Nodake area of Ginowan. the population of the refugee camp increased exponentially, and the area was renamed Nodake City. The American occupation forces absolished Nodake City in 1946 and renamed the area Ginowan Village. Subsequently the Occupation authorities confiscated the main areas of Ginowan to build military bases. The area became a base town with military bases centered in Nodaka and Futenma.
33% of Ginowan remains leased by the Japanese Ministry of Defesne for use as U.S. military bases as a part of the Japanese and American mutual defense agreement. Ginowan was elevated to city status on July 1, 1962.
The city is home to taro, specifically the taimo (田芋) used in Okinawa cuisine. While the taimo remains the chief product of Ginowan, agriculture greatly declined in the city in the postwar period. Like other municipalities on Okinawa Island, the city produces cut flowers for sale on the home islands of Japan. Ginowan remains economically dependent on the United States military.
Arts and culture
The Okinawa Convention Center was constructed in Ginowan, and has hosted numerous international conferences. The city is also home to the Okinawa Prefectural Ginowan Marina, the Ginowan Municipal Museum, and the Sakima Art Museum.
Ginowan is run by a city assembly of 28 elected members.
Ginowan is crossed by Japan National Route 58, which stretches across segments of Kyūshū, Tanegashima, Amami Ōshima, and Okinawa, and Japan National Route 58, which connects the city of Okinawa and the prefectural capital of Naha. Both highways are routed around the U.S. military bases. The Okinawa Expressway, which connects Nago to Naha, runs along the eastern border of the Ginowan.
- "年齢・男女別人口統計表" [Age, Sex, and Population Statistics] (PDF) (in Japanese). Ginoway, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan: City of Ginowan. 2012. Retrieved Jan. 28, 2013.
- "Ginowan". Encyclopedia of Japan. Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2013. OCLC 56431036. Retrieved 2013-02-04.
- "宜野湾（市）" [Ginowan]. Nihon Daihyakka Zensho (Nipponika) (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2013. OCLC 153301537. Retrieved 2013-02-12.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ginowan, Okinawa.|
- Ginowan City official website (Japanese)