Giorgio Federico Ghedini
Giorgio Federico Ghedini (11 July 1892 – 25 March 1965) was an Italian composer. In addition to orchestral works, in 1949 he premiered a one-act opera based on the American novella, Billy Budd, by Herman Melville.
Ghedini was born in Cuneo in 1892. He studied organ, piano and composition in Turin, then graduated in composition in Bologna under Marco Enrico Bossi in 1911. He worked as conductor for a certain time, then he gave up to devote himself to teaching.
He worked as a teacher of composition in Turin (1918-1937), Parma (1937-1941), and finally Milan, where he directed the local Conservatory (1951-1962). Among his pupils, the most eminent were Marcello and Claudio Abbado, Luciano Berio, Guido Cantelli, Niccolò Castiglioni, Carlo Pinelli, and Fiorenzo Carpi.
The composer was a deep lover of ancient music; he transcribed many works by such composers as Girolamo Frescobaldi, Claudio Monteverdi, and Andrea and Giovanni Gabrieli. Ghedini's works are often inspired by music from the Renaissance and Baroque eras, but combined with a very personal language which combines ancient and modern styles. Among his masterworks are a Concerto for orchestra (in memory of Guido Cantelli), two violin concertos Il Belprato and Concentus Basiliensis, and a concerto for two cellos L'Olmeneta andMusica Notturna (Night Music).
Ghedini's most celebrated concert piece is Concerto dell'Albatro (Albatross Concerto) for violin, cello, piano, narrator and orchestra, which includes fragments from Herman Melville's novel Moby-Dick in its final movement.
He wrote a large number of chamber, vocal and choral works. He also wrote a one-act opera based on Melville's novella Billy Budd, which was first performed in 1949.
- Marinaresca e bacchanale for orchestra (1933) 
- Concerto dell'albatro (1943)
- Violin Concerto "Il belprato"
- Concerto for viola, viola d'amore, and string orchestra
- Studio da concerto, for guitar
- "Musica concertante" for Cello and Orchestra
- "Invenzione" Concerto for Cello, Orchestra, Timpani and Cymbals
- "Concerto" two Cellos and Orchestra
- Musica da Concerto for Viola and String Orchestra (1953)
- Pezzo Concertante for 2 Violins, Viola and Orchestra (1931)
- Concertato for Flute, Viola and Harp (1941)
- Contrappunti for violin, viola, cello and orchestra (1962)
- Gringoire (1915)
- Maria d'Alessandria (1937)
- Re Hassan (1939)
- La Pulce d'oro (1940)
- Le Baccanti (1948)
- Billy Budd (1949), one act
- Lord Inferno (1952)
- Girotondo (1959)
- La via della croce (1961)
- Parise, Stefano (2003). Giorgio Federico Ghedini. L'uomo, le opere attraverso le lettere, pref. by A.Lanza. Milano: Ricordi. p. 423. ISBN 88-7592-727-8.
- Lanza, Andrea (2008). "An Outline of Italian Instrumental Music in the 20th Century". Sonus. A Journal of Investigations into Global Musical Possibilities, 29/1: 1–21. ISSN 0739-229x.
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