Giovanni Battista Guadagnini

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Giovanni Battista Guadagnini
Guadagnini Family tree.gif
Background information
Also known as G. B. Guadagnini
Giambattista Guadagnini
Born (1711-06-23)June 23, 1711
Bilegno in Val Tidone, Italy
Died September 18, 1786(1786-09-18) (aged 75)
Turin, Italy
Occupations Luthier, pedagogue
Years active 1729–1786

Giovanni Battista Guadagnini (or G. B. Guadagnini"); (June 23, 1711 – September 18, 1786) was an Italian luthier, regarded as one of the finest craftsmen of string instruments in history.[1] He is widely considered the third greatest maker after Antonio Stradivari and Giuseppe Guarneri "Del Gesu".

Biography[edit]

Guadagnini was born in Bilegno in Val Tidone near Piacenza, now in Emilia-Romagna, Italy. He practiced his craft from about 1729 until his death, and his work is divided into four main periods corresponding to and named after, Piacenza, Milan, Parma and Turin, the four cities in Italy where he lived and worked. The instruments of the MIlan and Turin periods are generally considered to represent his best work, and tend toward higher valuations. The world-record price for a Guadagnini violin was set by the ‘Dorothy DeLay’ of 1778 when it auctioned for $1.39 million USD in 2013 by Tarisio Auctions. However, private sales for his finest examples have approached $2 million USD.

Guadagnini's father, Lorenzo, his son, Giuseppe, and some other members of the Guadagnini family continued in the line of violin making through several generations.

He died in Turin in 1786.

Performers who have used or are using Guadagnini instruments[edit]

Violinists
Violinist Date & place of manufacture Instrument name Comments Reference
Riccardo Brengola 1747, Piacenza "Contessa Crespi" [4]
Goran Končar 1753, Milan [5]
Michał Kowalkowski 1753 "Gucio"
Adolf Brodsky 1751, Milan ex-Brodsky [6]
Amaury Coeytaux 1773 [7]
Roman Simovic 1752 on loan from Jonathan Moulds [8]
Manfred Leverkus 1752 ex-Kneisel missing since 2006
Zakhar Bron 1757, Milan [9]
Andrew Dawes 1770, Parma [10]
Julia Fischer 1750 [11]
Felix Ayo 1744 [12]
David Halen 1753 [13]
Carl Flesch ex-Henri Vieuxtemps [14]
David Garrett 1772 In December 2007, Garrett fell after a performance and smashed his Guadagnini, which he had purchased four years earlier for US$1 million.[2] He now uses it for mainly his outdoor crossover performances.[3]
David Greed 1757 Owned by the Yorkshire Guadagini 1757 Syndicate. [15]
Arthur Grumiaux ex-Grumiaux [16]
Willy Hess 1740s [17]
Marlene Hemmer 1784 [18]
Joseph Joachim 1767, Parma ex-Joachim [19]
Ida Kavafian 1751 [20]
David Kim 1757 on loan from The Philadelphia Orchestra [21]
Manfred Leverkus 1752 ex-Kneisel stolen in 2006
Mikhail Kopelman 1773 [22]
Jan Kubelik 1750 ex-Kubelik [23]
Pekka Kuusisto 1752 on loan from the Finnish Cultural Foundation [24]
Wayne Lin 1779, Turin [25]
Tasmin Little 1757 [26]
Haldon Martinson 1750 Being used in the Boston Symphony Orchestra [27]
Viktoria Mullova 1750 [28]
Linda Rosenthal 1772, Turin [29]
Leon Sametini ex-Sametini [30]
Yvonne Smeulers 1785 [31]
Lara St. John 1779 Salabue called "the Resurrection" by St. John [32]
Henri Temianka 1752 Built on the Petro Guarnerius model. [Certificate of Joseph Vedral, violinmaker, Holland, 28 September 1929]
Stephanie Sant’Ambrogio 1757 [33]
Lyndon Johnston Taylor 1777 [34]
Vanessa-Mae 1761 "Gizmo" [35]
Henri Vieuxtemps ex-Henri Vieuxtemps [36]
Henryk Wieniawski 1750 ex-Wieniawski [37]
Eugène Ysaÿe 1774 ex-Eugène Ysaÿe [38]
Sini-Maaria Simonen 1760 on loan from the Finnish Cultural Foundation [39]
Bob Wills 1784 Described as 157 years old when bought in 1941 for $3,000.00, Wills later claimed in an interview that he gave it away "to a friend of mine in Tayxas" and bought another for $5,000.00. [4]
Jack Liebeck 1785 ex-Wilhelmj [40]
Li Chuan Yun 1784 on loan from the Stradivari Society [41]
Violists
Cellists

Bibliography[edit]

  • Guadagnini
  • G B Guadagnini
  • E.N. Doring: The Guadagnini Family of Violin Makers (Chicago,1949)
  • A.H. König, ed.: Die Geigenbauer der Guadagnini-Familie. Die Turiner Schule (Frankfurt, 1981)
  • G. Fiori: ‘Documenti biografici di artisti e personaggi piacentini dal ’600 all’ ’800 nell’Archivo Vescovile di Piacenza’, Strenna piacentina (1994), 67–111
  • P.J. Kass: Violin Makers of the Piedmontese School
  • Vannes, Rene (1985) [1951]. Dictionnaire Universel del Luthiers (vol.3). Bruxelles: Les Amis de la musique. OCLC 53749830. 
  • William, Henley (1969). Universal Dictionary of Violin & Bow Makers. Brighton; England: Amati. ISBN 0-901424-00-5. 
  • Walter Hamma, Meister Italienischer Geigenbaukunst, Wilhelmshaven 1993, ISBN 3-7959-0537-0
  • Duane Rosengard: G.B. Guadagnini - The life and achievement of a master maker, Carteggio Media, 2000

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ernest N. Doring. The Guadagnini Family of Violin Makers Lewis and Sons, Chicago, 1949. Reprint with new introduction by Stewart Pollins, Dover, 2012. ISBN 978048649796-9
  2. ^ Wagner, Thomas (2008-02-14). "Violinist: Fall Fractures $1M Fiddle". The Associated Press (Associated Press). Retrieved 2008-02-15. 
  3. ^ David Garrett - livestream in NY, 8 June 2012. By David Garrett. YouTube. YouTube, 7 Apr. 2013. Web. 24 July 2013. <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Htp6OPCLrXc>.
  4. ^ San Antonio Rose: The Life And Music Of Bob Wills. Charles R. Townsend. 1976. University of Illinois. p. 230. ISBN 0-252-00470-1
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ [2]
  7. ^ [3]
  8. ^ Natalie Clein
  9. ^ Aitchison Mnatzaganian cello makers, restorers and dealers
  10. ^ Maxine Neuman's biography

External links[edit]