Giovanni Malagodi

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Not to be confused with Giovanni Malagò or Giovanni Malagoli.
Senator
Giovanni Malagodi
President of Italian Senate
In office
22 April 1987 – 1 July 1987
Preceded by Amintore Fanfani
Succeeded by Giovanni Spadolini
Member of the Italian Senate
In office
1979 – 17 April 1991
Member of the Italian Chamber of Deputies
In office
16 June 1953 – 11 July 1979
Personal details
Born (1904-10-12)12 October 1904
London, UK
Died 17 April 1991(1991-04-17) (aged 86)
Rome, Italy
Nationality Italian
Political party Italian Liberal Party

Giovanni Francesco Malagodi (12 October 1904 in London – 17 April 1991 in Rome) was an Italian liberal politician, secretary of the Italian Liberal Party and president of the Italian Senate.

He was the 3rd and the 6th President of Liberal International in the period 1958–1966 and 1982–1989 respectively.

Biography[edit]

Born in London, he was the son of journalist and politician Olindo Malagodi. Starting from the 1930s, he held directive positions in the Banca Commerciale Italiana and was thus named as Italian representative at the Organization for European Economic Cooperation.

In 1953 he entered the Italian Liberal Party (Partito Liberale Italiano, PLI) and was appointed as the party's national secretary the following year. During his tenure, PLI abandoned the connection with the 19th century Unification of Italy ideals, and established strong ties with Confindustria, the association of Italian industrialists. In particular, Malagodi was a strong opposer of Christian Democracy's openings towards the Italian Socialist Party. This, in 1955, caused the secession of PLI's left wing, forming the Radical Party. Under Malagodi, in 1963 the party scored a record 7% in the Parliament elections.

With the formation of centre-left governments in the 1960s, PLI was marginalized in the Italian political world, and suffered an unstoppable decline, which was not halted by the party's participation in the second Giulio Andreotti cabinet in 1972–1973. Malagodi was chosen as Minister of the Treasure. Malagodi launched a series of measures to favour younger and more politically aligned bureaucrats, such as that of the so-called pensioni d'oro ("Golden pensions").

In 1972 Malagodi resigned as PLI's secretary, being followed by Agostino Bignardi, assuming the party's presidency. He abandoned the latter positions in 1977, in contrast with the new secretary, Valerio Zanone, who was more oriented to a collaboration with centre-left parties. Malagodi was the president of the Italian Senate from 22 April to 1 July 1987, succeeding Amintore Fanfani.

He died at Rome in 1991.

External links[edit]


Political offices
Preceded by
Amintore Fanfani
President of the Italian Senate
1987
Succeeded by
Giovanni Spadolini
Italian Chamber of Deputies
Preceded by
Title jointly held
Member of the Italian Chamber of Deputies
Legislatures:
II, III, IV, V, VI, VII

1953–1979
Succeeded by
Title jointly held
Italian Senate
Preceded by
Title jointly held
Member of the Italian Senate
Legislatures:
VIII, IX, X

1979–1991
Succeeded by
Title jointly held
Party political offices
Preceded by
Roger Motz
President of the Liberal International
1958–1966
Succeeded by
Edzo Toxopeus
Preceded by
Gaston Thorn
President of the Liberal International
1982–1989
Succeeded by
Adolfo Suárez