Giovanni Lanza

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For the 19th-century Italian painter, see Giovanni Lanza (painter).
Giovanni Lanza
Giovanni Lanza iii.jpg
8th
Prime Minister of Italy
In office
December 14, 1869 – July 10, 1873
Monarch Victor Emmanuel II
Preceded by Federico Luigi Menabrea
Succeeded by Marco Minghetti
Personal details
Born (1810-02-15)February 15, 1810
Casale Monferrato, Piedmont
Died March 9, 1882(1882-03-09) (aged 72)
Rome, Latium
Political party Historical Right
Signature

Domenico Giovanni Giuseppe Maria Lanza (February 15, 1810 – March 9, 1882) was an Italian politician and the eighth Prime Minister from 1869 to 1873.

Lanza was born in the Piedmontese city of Casale Monferrato. He studied medicine at Turin, capital of the Kingdom of Sardinia, then returned to Casale where he divided his energies between practising medicine and developing his 33 hectare estate in nearby Roncaglia. He studied and wrote on agriculture developments in both the practical and social aspects. Lanza was among the first in Monferrato to introduce modern equipment as iron ploughs and seed drills, and also involved himself in the agricultural education of poor children, hoping to achieve at once “the betterment of our agriculture and the moral and intellectual betterment of our agricultural workers.”[1]

He was also an active member of the Subalpine Agricultural Association of Turin and became its secretary. The association was concerned for reform in the political and economic spheres, as well as in that of agriculture, and its identification with the cause of liberal nationalism—with the Risorgimento—was underlined at the September 1847 agrarian congress in Casale, when Lanza raised the cry of “Viva l’Italia libera ed indipendente!” Later he commented on that event: “I did not join the association purely to improve the cultivation of cabbages.”[2][3]

He took an active part in the rising of 1848 and was elected to the Piedmontese parliament in that year. He attached himself to the party of Cavour and devoted his attention chiefly to questions of economy and finance. He became minister of public instruction in 1855 in the cabinet of Cavour, and in 1858 minister of finance.

He followed Cavour into his temporary retirement in July 1859 after the Treaty of Villafranca, and for a year (1860–1861) was chairman of the House. He was minister of the interior (1864–1865) in the La Marmora cabinet, and arranged the transference of the capital to Florence. He maintained a resolute opposition to the financial policy of Menabrea, who resigned when Lanza was a second time elected, in 1869, chairman of the House.

Lanza formed a new cabinet in which he was himself minister of the interior. With Quintino Sella as minister of finance he sought to reorganize Italian budget, and resigned office when Sella's projects were rejected in 1873. His cabinet had seen the accomplishment of Italian unity and the installation of an Italian government in Rome after the defeat of the Papal States in late 1870.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Crosio, Roberto, ed. (2003–2005), "Il ruolo storico dell'Associazione Agraria Subalpina ed i rapporti di Cavour al suo interno", Le vocazioni ambientali del Vercellese e l'opera di Camillo Cavour, archived from the original on 2008-02-20, retrieved 2008-06-24 .
  2. ^ Coaloa, Roberto (2008-05-28), Lanza e "Viva l'Italia" al Congresso agrario, Il Monferrato (Editrice Monferrato S.r.l.), retrieved 2008-06-24 
  3. ^ "Il fondatore: Vincenzo Luparia". Istituto tecnico agrario V.Luparia. Retrieved 2008-06-27. 

References[edit]

Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.  That article cites Enrico Tavallini, La Vita ed i tempi di Giovanni Lanza (2 vols., Turin and Naples, 1887).

Preceded by
Luigi Cibrario
Piedmontese Minister of Education
1855–1858
Succeeded by
Carlo Cadorna
Preceded by
The Count of Cavour
Piedmontese Minister of Finances
1858–1859
Succeeded by
Giovanni Battista Oytana
Preceded by
Urbano Rattazzi
Chairman of the Piedmontese Chamber of Deputies
1860
Succeeded by
Urbano Rattazzi
Preceded by
Ubaldino Peruzzi
Italian Minister of the Interior
1864–1865
Succeeded by
Giuseppe Natoli
Preceded by
Adriano Mari
Chairman of the Italian Chamber of Deputies
1867–1869
Succeeded by
Giuseppe Branchieri
Preceded by
Federico Luigi Menabrea
Prime Minister of Italy
1869–1873
Succeeded by
Marco Minghetti
Preceded by
Antonio Starabba di Rudinì
Italian Minister of the Interior
1869–1873
Succeeded by
Gerolamo Cantelli