Giovanni Spadolini

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Giovanni Spadolini
Giovanni Spadolini.jpg
44th Prime Minister of Italy
In office
28 June 1981 – 1 December 1982
President Alessandro Pertini
Preceded by Arnaldo Forlani
Succeeded by Amintore Fanfani
President of the Italian Senate
In office
2 July 1987 – 14 April 1994
Preceded by Giovanni Francesco Malagodi
Succeeded by Carlo Scognamiglio Pasini
Italian Minister of Defense
In office
4 August 1983 – 17 April 1987
Prime Minister Bettino Craxi
Preceded by Lelio Lagorio
Succeeded by Remo Gaspari
Italian Minister of Education
In office
20 March 1979 – 4 August 1979
Prime Minister Giulio Andreotti
Preceded by Mario Pedini
Succeeded by Salvatore Valitutti
Italian Minister of Culture
In office
23 November 1974 – 12 February 1976
Prime Minister Aldo Moro
Preceded by none
Succeeded by Mario Pedini
Personal details
Born (1925-06-21)21 June 1925
Florence, Tuscany, Italy
Died 4 August 1994(1994-08-04) (aged 69)
Rome, Latium, Italy
Nationality Italian
Political party Italian Republican Party
(1959-1994)
Other political
affiliations
National Fascist Party
(until 1943)
Radical Party
(1956-1959)
Religion None

Giovanni Spadolini (21 June 1925 – 4 August 1994) was a Republican Italian politician, the 44th Prime Minister of Italy, newspaper editor, journalist and a noted historian.

Biography[edit]

Spadolini was born in Florence in 1925. He studied law at the University of Florence and shortly after graduation, was appointed professor of contemporary history in the faculty of political science. He also became a political columnist for several newspapers, becoming editor-in-chief of the Bologna paper Il Resto del Carlino in 1955, doubling its circulation during his tenure. In 1968, Spadolini moved to Milan where he took over the editorship of Italy's largest newspaper, Corriere della Sera, which job he held until leaving journalism to enter politics. In 1972, he was elected as a senator, going on to serve as minister of the environment and then minister of education. Then in 1979, he was appointed head of the small but powerful Republican Party.

As a journalist, he sometimes used the pseudonym Giovanni dalle Bande Nere. Before entering politics, he was editor of Il Corriere della Sera from 1968 to 1972.

Giovanni Spadolini served as Ministro dei Beni e delle Attività culturali (Minister for Cultural Assets and Activities) from 1974 to 1976.

He was leader of the Italian Republican Party (PRI) from 1979 to 1987, during both the 10th and the 11th Legislatures.

He served as Prime Minister of Italy from 1981 to 1982, the first in the post-1945 Republic to do so who was not a member of Christian Democracy, pledging to clean up corruption (in particular a scandal involving certain Italian political figures connected with a Masonic lodge known as P2) and mounting terrorist violence.

From 1987 to April 1994 he was President of the Italian Senate. Following the electoral success of Silvio Berlusconi's House of Freedoms, he lost the chairmanship of the Senate to Carlo Scognamiglio Pasini by a single vote. He died four months later in Rome, on 4 August 1994.



Political offices
Preceded by
None, office established
Italian Minister of Culture
1974–1976
Succeeded by
Mario Pedini
Preceded by
Mario Pedini
Italian Minister of Public Instruction
1979
Succeeded by
Salvatore Valitutti
Preceded by
Arnaldo Forlani
Prime Minister of Italy
1981–1982
Succeeded by
Amintore Fanfani
Preceded by
Lelio Lagorio
Italian Minister of Defense
1983–1987
Succeeded by
Remo Gaspari
Italian Senate
Preceded by
Title jointly held
Italian Senator for Lombardy
Legislatures: VI, VII, VIII, IX, X

1972 – 1991
Succeeded by
Title jointly held
Preceded by
Title jointly held
Italian Lifetime Senator
Legislatures: X, XI, XII

1991 – 1994
Succeeded by
Title jointly held
Preceded by
Giovanni Francesco Malagodi
President of the Italian Senate
1987 – 1994
Succeeded by
Carlo Scognamiglio
Party political offices
Preceded by
Oddo Biasini
Secretary of the Italian Republican Party
1979 - 1987
Succeeded by
Giorgio La Malfa
Preceded by
None, group established
Chairman of the Republican Group in the House
1977 – 1979
Succeeded by
Biagio Pinto