Girardinia diversifolia

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Girardinia diversifolia
Girardinia diversifolia.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Urticaceae
Genus: Girardinia
Binomial name
Girardinia diversifolia
  • Girardinia adoensis (Steud.) Wedd.
  • Girardinia armata Kunth nom. illeg.
  • Girardinia chingianae S.S.Chien
  • Girardinia condensata (Hochst. ex Steud.) Wedd.
  • Girardinia erosa Decne.
  • Girardinia formosana Hayata ex Yamam.
  • Girardinia furialis Blume
  • Girardinia heterophylla (Vahl) Decne.
  • Girardinia hibiscifolia Miq.
  • Girardinia javanica Wedd.
  • Girardinia leschenaultiana Decne.
  • Girardinia longispica Hand.-Mazz.
  • Girardinia palmata Blume nom. illeg.
  • Girardinia vahlii Blume nom. illeg.
  • Girardinia vitifolia Franch. nom. illeg.
  • Girardinia vitifolia Wedd.
  • Girardinia zeylanica Decne.
  • Urtica adoensis Hochst.
  • Urtica adoensis Hochst. ex Steud.
  • Urtica buraei H. Lév.
  • Urtica condensata Hochst. ex Steud.
  • Urtica diversifolia Link
  • Urtica heterophylla Vahl
  • Urtica lobatifolia S.S. Ying
  • Urtica palmata Forssk.

Girardinia diversifolia, commonly known as the Nilgiri Nettle , Himalayan Giant Nettle or Nepalese Allo, is found abundantly in open forest land and river side of moist habitat in Nepal and in Himalayan parts of India like Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh and J&K. It grows naturally within elevations of 1,200 to 3,000 metres (3,900 to 9,800 feet). It is a shade bearing, tall, stout and erect herb growing up to 3m height with perennial roots stock. The plant is found on clump and each clump has many stem. The stem bark contains fibers of unique quality which is strong, smooth and light.[2]

Allo is a 1.5 to 3 metre tall[3] perennial herbaceous shrub that grows without cultivation all over Nepal.[4] It most frequently occurs in the hilly and mountainous regions at altitudes up to 3000 m.[5]


Traditional users of Allo are ethnic groups from across Nepal, including the Gurung, Magar, Rai and Tamang people.[6] Allo products are culturally important to both the Gurung[6] and the Rai.[5] It is also sold for commercial and non-religious purposes.[4] Non-fibre uses of the plant range from fodder and fuel wood,[5] to use as a live fence and in traditional medicines.[6] Allo fibre is very flexible and has high tenacity,[7] allowing it to be used in a multitude of applications ranging from clothing and bags to floor mats and rope.[8][6][9] Fibres made from allo are fully biodegradable.[7]


  1. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved 14 December 2014. 
  2. ^ Assessment of Allo Production and Enterprise Potential in Parbat District
  3. ^ Singh, S.C.; Shrestha, R (1988). "Girardinia diversifolia (urticaceae), a non-conventional fiber resource in nepal". Economic Botany 42 (3): 445–447. 
  4. ^ a b Dunsmore, J (1998). "Microenterprise development: Traditional skills and the reduction of poverty in highland nepal". Himalaya, the Journal of the Association for Nepal and Himalayan Studies 18 (2): 22–27. 
  5. ^ a b c Barakoti, T; Shrestha, K (2008). "Commercial utilization of allo (girardinia diversifolia) by the rais of sankhuwasabha for income generation". Banko Janakari 18 (1): 18–24. doi:10.3126/banko.v18i1.2162. 
  6. ^ a b c d Gurung, A; Flanigan, H; Kumar Ghimeray, A; Karki, R; Bista, R; Gurung, O.P. (2012). "Traditional knowledge of processing and use of the himalayan giant nettle (Girardinia diversifolia (link) friis) among the gurungs of sikles, nepal". Ethnobotany Research and Applications 10: 167–174. 
  7. ^ a b Bajpai, P.K.; Meena, D; Vatsa, S; Singh, I (2013). "Tensile behavior of nettle fiber composites exposed to various environments". Journal of Natural Fibers 10 (3): 244–256. doi:10.1080/15440478.2013.791912. 
  8. ^ Shrestha, R (1999). "Improvements on the traditional harvesting practice of girardinia diversifolia". Tropical Agriculture Research and Extension 2 (1): 74–75. 
  9. ^ Dunsmore, J (1998). "Crafts, cash and conservation in highland nepal". Community Development Journal 33 (1): 49–56. doi:10.1093/cdj/33.1.49.