A goose father (Korean: 기러기 아빠, Gireogi appa literally "goose dad") is a Korean man who works in Korea while his wife and children stay in an English-speaking country for the sake of the children's education. The term is inspired by the fact that geese are a species that migrate, just as the father must travel a great distance to see his family. If the man has the finances to pay for frequent visits to see his family, he is called an "eagle dad" (독수리 아빠) but if finances constrict his ability to travel abroad, he is known as a "penguin dad" (펭귄 아빠) because he cannot fly and may go without seeing his family for years at a time. If the man can not afford to send his children abroad for studying, he rent a small studio for his wife and children in Gangnam. That father is called an "sparrow dad"(참새 아빠). And if the man want to send his children to elementary school in Daechi, he hires lodgings. It is called an "Daejeondong dad"(대전동아빠).
Estimates of the number of goose fathers range as high as 200,000 men in Korea. More than 40,000 South Korean schoolchildren are believed to be living in USA, England, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand expressly to increase English-speaking ability. As of 2009, over 100,000 Korean students were studying abroad. In at least some of the cases, a South Korean mother will choose to live abroad with her children with the additional reason of avoiding her mother-in-law, with whom a historically stressful relationship may exist due to Korean Confucianism.
- Astronaut family
- Contemporary culture of South Korea
- Education in South Korea
- Flying geese paradigm
- Lee, Kapson (Oct 26, 2004). "Korean 'Goose Families' Migrate for Education". New America Media.
- "The plight of Korean 'goose families'". Asian Pacific Post. November 03 2004.
- "Bad year for duck daddies". The Hankyoreh. Jan. 28, 2008.
- "South Korean 'Goose Dads' Face Sacrifice, Loneliness for Children's Sake". Chosun Ilbo. Sep.28,2006.
- "Cafe mom, Daejeondong dad...neologism for school parent's distress (카페맘ㆍ대전동아빠…학부모고충 담은 신조어 백태)". yeonhap news. 2012-12-04.
- Kim, Eun-gyong (04-02-2008). "History of English Education in Korea". The Korea Times.
- Goh-Grapes, Agnes (02-22-2009). "Phenomenon of Wild Goose Fathers in South Korea". Korea Times. Retrieved 28 July 2010.
- Onishi, Norimitsu (June 8, 2008). "For English Studies, Koreans Say Goodbye to Dad". New York Times.
- 펭귄 아빠, 독수리 아빠? Chosun Ilbo 2007.05.30
- Korea Times Phenomenon of Wild Goose Fathers in South Korea 02-22-2009 by Agnes Goh-Grapes
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