Giresun Province

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Giresun Province
Giresun ili
Province of Turkey
Location of Giresun Province in Turkey
Location of Giresun Province in Turkey
Country Turkey
Region Black Sea
Area
 • Total 6,934 km2 (2,677 sq mi)
Population (2010-12-31)[1]
 • Total 419,256
 • Density 60/km2 (160/sq mi)
Area code(s) 0454
Vehicle registration 28
Çımaklı village in the Espiye district, Giresun

Giresun Province (Turkish: Giresun ili) is a province of Turkey on the Black Sea coast. Its adjacent provinces are Trabzon to the east, Gümüşhane to the south-east, Erzincan to the south, Sivas to the south-west, and Ordu to the west. The provincial capital is Giresun.

Geography[edit]

Giresun is an agricultural region of great natural beauty, especially in the highlands. The lower areas near the Black Sea coast are Turkey's largest producer of hazelnuts; a Giresun folk song tells "I will not eat a single hazelnut, unless you are by my side",[2] while another tells of a lover shot dead under a hazelnut tree [3] The higher mountain areas are forest and pasture and in places there is mining of copper, zinc, iron and other metals. The mountain villages are remote, with poor roads and little else in the way of infrastructure. And the hillsides are too steep for agriculture also, so for example cornbread is the traditional meal, as they cannot grow wheat.

The climate is typical of this stretch of the Black Sea coast i.e. very wet. Local flora includes bilberries (Turkish "taflan").

Districts[edit]

Giresun province is divided into 16 districts (capital district in bold):

Culture[edit]

Handcrafts[edit]

Due to the dense in Giresun, woodwork is among the common handcrafts in the region. Some of small wooden handcrafts peculiar to the city are churns, külek (a storing pot for cheese), an spoons. One of the oldest handcrafts in the city is weaving. Wool, linen threads and similar raw marerials are spun in hand looms to produce various local clothes, heybe (shoulder bags) and bags. Strong threads and knitted threads are also produced in hand looms.

Cuisine[edit]

Some of the dishes peculiar to the city are corn soup (Mısır çorbası), cabbage soup (lahana çorbası), cabbge leaves stuffed with a meat fillig (Etli lahana sarması), black cabbage dish (karalahana yemeği or pancar yemeği), pilaf with anchovy (hamsili pilav), piaf with cabbage (dible), kaygana, kuymak (made of cheese, cornmeal and butter)[4]

Places of interest[edit]

  • Kümbet, Karagöl and Bektaş - areas of attractive mountain pasture in the district of Dereli, where people can enjoy walks and picnics. Annual folklore festivals are held here in summer.

Notable residents[edit]

Aksu stream, Giresun

Politicians[edit]

Writers and artists[edit]

Musicians[edit]

Giresun province shares the folk music of the Black Sea region and is the birthplace of:

  • Picoğlu Osman (b. 1901, Görele - d. 1946 Amasra) folk musician, considered to be one of the best kemençe players.
  • Katip Şadi (b 1932, Görele -) folk musician, kemençe player.

Other musicians include:

Sports people[edit]

Giresunspor are a 2nd(Bank Asya 1.Lig)league football team.

Giresun in popular culture[edit]

  • The TV series Uy Başuma Gelenler was filmed in the village of Düzköy, its the story of a young man from Istanbul who inherits a hazelnut grove in Giresun (a Turkish twist on Monarch of the Glen.
  • The folk song Giresun üstünde vapur bağrıyor (Eşref Bey Ağıtı) meanwhile has been recorded by a number of artists including Ismail Hakkı Demircioğlu, and tells of a wounded soldier dying in Giresun
  • Giresun'un içinde has been sung by Musa Eroğlu, Selda Bağcan and Fuat Saka, who also sang Lazutlar which means corn in the local dialect and is a kind of Cider with Rosie rural idyll in verse.
  • Ahmet Kaya sang Mican a ballad about a local bandit in the mountains.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Turkish Statistical Institute, MS Excel document – Population of province/district centers and towns/villages and population growth rate by provinces
  2. ^ bir fındığın içini yar senden ayrı yemem
  3. ^ Giresun'un içinde yeşil fındık tarlası vurdular feride'mi yere düştü bohçası
  4. ^ Giresun cuisine - Karadeniz mutfağı

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°34′47″N 38°35′40″E / 40.57972°N 38.59444°E / 40.57972; 38.59444