Girga

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Girga
Girga is located in Egypt
Girga
Girga
Location in Egypt
Coordinates: 26°20′N 31°54′E / 26.333°N 31.900°E / 26.333; 31.900
Country  Egypt
Governorate Sohag
Population (2006)
 • Total 102,701
Time zone EST (UTC+2)

Girga (Egyptian Arabic: جرجا  pronounced [ˈɡeɾɡæ]) is a city in the Sohag Governorate of Upper Egypt. It is located on the west bank of the Nile River.

Girga was the capital of the Girga Governorate until 1960, when the capital was moved to Sohag and the name of the governorate changed accordingly.[1]

Overview[edit]

Girga is a city in the desert country of Egypt and has an estimated population of 71,564 (as of 1986) and has various economic industries which include but not limited to cane sugar manufacturing and pottery. As of today, it is unconfirmed to whether this is the site of the ancient city of This (Thinis) or the nearby village of Birba which was the capital of Egypt during the 1st and 2nd dynasties.

The name "Girga" is said to have derived from the ancient Mar Girgis Coptic Monastery and was build in dedication to St. George. Also another monastery, the el-Sini is reportedly the oldest Roman Catholic monastery ever built. Girga has also been famed for its landscape, the beautiful paved Suq, and the el-Sini (Porcelain Mosque), which is reportedly the oldest known Roman Catholic monastery and was almost swept away by the Nile at one time. Also neighbouring Girga is the ancient sites including Beit Khallaf, a necropolis where tourists can find mudbrick tombs dating back to the 3rd dynasty.

Climate[edit]

Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as hot desert (BWh).

Climate data for Gigra
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 22.3
(72.1)
24.3
(75.7)
28.1
(82.6)
33.5
(92.3)
36.9
(98.4)
38.3
(100.9)
37.9
(100.2)
38.1
(100.6)
34.9
(94.8)
32.4
(90.3)
28.8
(83.8)
23.8
(74.8)
31.61
(88.88)
Daily mean °C (°F) 13.7
(56.7)
15.3
(59.5)
18.7
(65.7)
23.9
(75)
27.8
(82)
29.5
(85.1)
29.5
(85.1)
29.9
(85.8)
27.7
(81.9)
25.1
(77.2)
20.4
(68.7)
15.5
(59.9)
23.08
(73.55)
Average low °C (°F) 5.1
(41.2)
6.1
(43)
9.4
(48.9)
14.3
(57.7)
18.7
(65.7)
20.8
(69.4)
21.2
(70.2)
21.8
(71.2)
20.5
(68.9)
17.9
(64.2)
12.2
(54)
7.3
(45.1)
14.61
(58.29)
Precipitation mm (inches) 0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.04)
1
(0.04)
Source: Climate-Data.org[2]

History[edit]

The village of mud or clay Nag currently (one of the villages Gerga Center) is home and headquarters for the first Pharaoh of Egypt is known in history Mina Narmer who managed to unify Egypt and transfer his capital to Memphis. Egypt's history during the first and the broker did not highlight the city was on the scene it was during that period of the consequences of the territory of the village of Akhmim. There are some sources that is reminiscent of that Jrgio (Princess Pharaonic) was named the region its name, but historically that the first appearance of the name of Jirga was Dgerja and was inhabited by tribes of Hawara specifically children Hammam and who ruled the area throughout the Islamic period began Dgerja or Gerga rise with the occupation forces Ottoman Egypt, managed properly the first that neutralizes some of the Mamluk princes and them to you (There is a mosque in his name in the city now) and give them the territories of South Assiut to the border of the Nuba to be an Ottoman province comes to them and to the door every year or year and a half became Dgerja during that period the center of Ottoman rule in the South Egypt, one of the largest cities of the Ottoman Empire and flourished in trade and science and were built many mosques, the big mosque Osman Bey Mosque poor (butter) and a mosque Jalal your (or Sheikh Jalal) and was the center of the city in that period market hospice and grain (to keep him qaysariyya and the Mosque of Osman Bey, a mosque, Sheikh Jalal now) in 1730, spread to the area of the plague which claimed many residents of the city and abandoned by the rest for a long time and then became Gerga for a period of a few city is deserted and dilapidated.

When the arrival of Bonaparte with his campaign in started status of a city in decline has managed the French to take over the city and thus gave it to Murad Bey, who dropped the status of Gerga and status as a state Ottoman until they came out of Egypt, which was followed by a period of unrest pay later Muhammad Ali Pasha ruled Egypt and was able to eliminate the Mamluks in 1815 and now has the upper hand in redrawing the map of Egyptian set up Muhammad Ali in Gerga Directorate large part of the directorates of Egypt and happened upon what is going to change within the district and has shrunk the size after that they include the South and the Nile Valley from Nubia in the south to Assiut north now include only to several cities and villages Kthta and Balyana and Soehaa except that the value of those families and status did not prevent the government at that time that you move the headquarters of the Directorate and the security forces representative of the government to the village Soehaa adjacent to the deteriorating status of Gerga more and more to become at the end of 1960, a center of Sohag Governorate Gerga now commercial city in the foundation changed area and that is by far the largest cities of the province and south-level Note: This may be because the name of Jirga to Jrgio Princess Pharaonic or to St. George one of the martyrs of the era of Roman persecution, and that did not make sure of the exporters, but certainly Jirga was called Dgerja until the end of the eighteenth century.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Law, Gwillim (1999). Administrative Subdivisions of Countries: A Comprehensive World Reference, 1900 through 1998 (snippet view). Jefferson, NC: McFarland. p. 114. ISBN 978-0-7864-0729-3. Retrieved 2010-08-07. 
  2. ^ "Climate: Girga - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 14 August 2013. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 26°20′N 31°54′E / 26.333°N 31.900°E / 26.333; 31.900