Girod Street Cemetery
The Girod Street Cemetery was a large above-ground cemetery established in 1822 for Protestant residents of the Faubourg St. Mary in predominantly Catholic New Orleans, Louisiana. It consisted of 2,319 wall vaults and approximately 1,100 tombs. Notables interred there included Congressman Henry Adams Bullard, Zulu Social Club King Joseph J. Smith, and California governor John B. Weller.
Girod Cemetery was laid out along a central artery with side aisles, and was noted for its so-called "society tombs," which could rise seven or eight tiers above ground. Societies of slaves owned their own tombs: the First African Baptist Association, the Home Missionary Benevolent Society, and the Male and Female Lutheran Benevolent Society. The New Lusitanos Benevolent Association owned the largest society tomb in Girod Cemetery, which was designed by J.N.B. de Pouilly in 1859.
The cemetery fell into disrepair in the 20th century and it was deconsecrated on January 4, 1957. According to local historian Leonard Huber, between January and March 1957, the human remains were moved elsewhere: the interred whites to Hope Mausoleum; and African Americans to Providence Memorial Park.
The Mercedes-Benz Superdome, Smoothie King Center, Benson Tower, Entergy Tower and Energy Centre were eventually constructed near, but not on the site. A superstition, repeated by some, alleges that the poor record and inability to ever appear in the Super Bowl for the New Orleans Saints football team, was somehow supernaturally tied to the ground on which the dome was constructed. However, several sources state that the Superdome was not built on the former cemetery location, but the former location of the Illinois Central Railroad engine terminal and roundhouse. This superstition is now proven false due to the team's success in winning Super Bowl XLIV. The former Girod Street Cemetery location is the current resting place of the parking garage for the New Orleans Centre shopping mall.
However, overlaying a Sanborn Map over a current aerial image shows that the cemetery's location was directly underneath the New Orleans Centre shopping mall and the Superdome's Southeast Parking Garage.
As of July 2008, New Orleans development plans for the area include the construction of an entertainment district of sports bars and other attractions.
- "King of Mardi Gras Dies in New Orleans", New York Amsterdam News, 28 August 1948.
- New Orleans is near sea level, and tombs are elevated above ground.
- Huber, Leonard. New Orleans Architecture, vol. III. Cemeteries. Gretna: Pelican Publishing, 1974, p. 20.
- "Giraud Street Cemetery". Cities of the Dead. Cities of the Dead. 2007-09-26. Retrieved 2009-03-14.[dead link]
- "Scream a Little Scream With Me". Renne Peck. Times Picayune. 2007-10-27. Retrieved 2009-03-14.
- "Girod Street Cemetery Map Overlay".
- Moran, Kate. "State Could Sign Option for New Orleans Centre by Week's End". Times Picayune, 15 July 2008.
- The Superdome Curse
- Oblivion’s Blight:Girod Street Cemetery 1822-1957 (page 11)
- A Website dedicated to cemeteries
|This article relating to the history of the United States is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|