Girolamo Rusticucci

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Girolamo Rusticucci
Coat of arms of Cardinal Girolamo Rusticucci.

Girolamo Rusticucci (1537–1603) was an Italian Roman Catholic cardinal and bishop.

Biography[edit]

Girolamo Rusticucci was born in Cartoceto in 1537, the son of Ludovico Rusticucci, a famous jurisconsult, and his wife Diamante Leonardi.[1] He was orphaned as a young man.[1] As a young man, he studied literature and oratory.[1]

Rusticucci traveled to Rome in 1557, entering the court of Cardinal Michele Ghislieri, who later became Pope Pius V, as the cardinal's personal secretary.[1] When the cardinal became pope, he made Rusticucci a protonotary apostolic.[1] Also, when Cardinal Michele Bonelli, Pope Pius V's cardinal-nephew, was absent, the pope put Rusticucci in charge of managing most of the church's affairs.[1]

Pope Pius V made him a cardinal priest in the consistory of May 17, 1570.[1] He received the red hat and the titular church of Santa Susanna on June 9, 1570.[1]

On June 16, 1570, he was elected Bishop of Senigallia.[1] He was consecrated as a bishop in the Sistine Chapel by Cardinal Marcantonio Maffei.[1] As a bishop, he promoted educating his clergy along the lines provided by the Council of Trent.[1] He resigned the government of the diocese sometime before November 29, 1577.[1]

Pope Pius V then named him papal legate to Spain and the Kingdom of France to promote war against the Ottoman Empire.[1] He participated in the papal conclave of 1572 that elected Pope Gregory XIII, and in the papal conclave of 1585 that elected Pope Sixtus V.[1] He served as Vicar General of Rome from 1588 to 1603.[1] He was also a participant in the papal conclave of September 1590 that elected Pope Urban VII; the papal conclave of October–December 1590 that elected Pope Gregory XIV; and the papal conclave of 1591 that elected Pope Innocent IX.[1] He became Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals on January 8, 1590 and was confirmed in the post on February 14, 1592.[1] He participated in the papal conclave of 1592 that elected Pope Clement VIII.[1] The new pope confirmed him as Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals, and he held that position from February 14, 1592 to 1593.[1]

On August 18, 1597, he opted for the titular church of Santa Maria in Trastevere.[1] Soon thereafter, he became the cardinal protopriest.[1] He opted for the order of cardinal bishops on March 30, 1598, taking the Suburbicarian Diocese of Albano.[1] He opted for the Suburbicarian Diocese of Sabina on February 21, 1600, and then for the Suburbicarian Diocese of Porto e Santa Rufina on February 19, 1603.[1] He was the Vice-Dean of the College of Cardinals.[1]

He died in Rome on June 14, 1603.[1] He was buried in Santa Susanna.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z Entry from Biographical Dictionary of the Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church