Gisulf I of Benevento
Gisulf I (died 706) was the duke of Benevento from 689, when his brother Grimoald died. His father was Romuald I. His mother was Theodrada (or Theuderata), daughter of Lupus of Friuli, and she exercised the regency for him for the first years of his reign.
According to Paul the Deacon, it was during his reign that the relics of Saint Benedict of Nursia and Saint Scholastica his sister were taken from Monte Cassino by the Franks. Gisulf may have granted the monastery of San Vincenzo al Volturno a bloc of land 500 square kilometres in size around 700.
In about 705, Gisulf took the cities of Sora, Arpino, and Arce. He marched as far as Horrea, plundering and burning, before he was confronted with gifts by the ambassadors of Pope John VI, who ransomed many of his captives and induced him to return whence he had come to his own dominions.
- Lexikon des Mittelalters: Gisulf I. Herzog von Benevent (681-698).
- Paul the Deacon. Historia Langobardorum. Available at Northvegr.
- Chris Wickham. Early Medieval Italy: Central Power and Local Society, 400–1000. London: Macmillan, 1981.
- Perhaps 707. The Lexikon gives his death as 698, which is inconsistent with Paul the Deacon's statement about a reign of seventeen years if his reign began in 689. It clearly contradicts references to acts undertaken during the pontificate of John VI around 705.
- Wickham (1981), 225.
- Wickham (1981), 151. Alternatively, this may have been Duke Arichis II of Benevento around 760.
- Paul the Deacon, Chapter XXVII. Identified as Puteoli or a location at the five mile mark of the Via Latina.
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