Gopinath was born in Mysore, India. Her father, TV Gopinath is a farmer and entrepreneur in Mysore. Her husband and former classmate Iqbal Dhaliwal is a director of policy at Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab at Department of Economics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Gopinath lives in Weston, Massachusetts, with her husband and son.
Gopinath holds a B.A. from Lady Shriram College, University of Delhi (1992), M.A. from the Delhi School of Economics (1994). She completed her M.A. from the University of Washington (1996). In 2001, she completed her Ph.D from Princeton University, under the mentorship of Ben Bernanke (former chairman of the Federal Reserve) and Kenneth Rogoff (a former director of research at the International Monetary Fund).
In 2011, she was chosen as one of the Young Global Leaders by the World Economic Forum.
She is professor of economics at Harvard University. She is a visiting scholar at the Federal Reserve Bank of Boston and a research associate with the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER), for the programs in Economic Fluctuations and Growth, International Finance and Macroeconomics, and Monetary Economics. Before joining the Harvard economics department in 2005 as an assistant professor, she has taught at the Chicago Booth School of Business.
She holds editorial positions with American Economic Review, the Journal of International Economics, the I.M.F. Economic Review, and Macroeconomics and Finance in Emerging Market Economies. Her research interests are in international macroeconomics with a focus on issues related to international price setting, exchange rate pass-through, emerging market business cycles and crisis.
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