Giurgiu

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Giurgiu
County capital
The Friendship Bridge
The Friendship Bridge
Coat of arms of Giurgiu
Coat of arms
Giurgiu is located in Romania
Giurgiu
Giurgiu
Location of Giurgiu
Coordinates: 43°54′03″N 25°58′26″E / 43.90083°N 25.97389°E / 43.90083; 25.97389Coordinates: 43°54′03″N 25°58′26″E / 43.90083°N 25.97389°E / 43.90083; 25.97389
Country  Romania
County Giurgiu County
Status County capital
Government
 • Mayor Nicolae Barbu (Social Democratic Party)
Population (2011)
 • Total 54,655
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Website Official website
Atheneum building
Giurgiu Clock Tower, painting by Valeriu Pantazi

Giurgiu (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈd͡ʒjurd͡ʒju] ( )) is the capital city of Giurgiu County, Romania, in Muntenia. It is situated amid mud-flats and marshes on the left bank of the Danube facing the Bulgarian city of Ruse on the opposite bank. Three small islands face the city, and a larger one shelters its port, Smarda. The rich grain-growing land to the north is traversed by a railway to Bucharest, the first line opened in Romania, which was built in 1869 and afterwards extended to Smarda. Giurgiu exports timber, grain, salt and petroleum, and imports coal, iron, and textiles.

The Giurgiu-Ruse Friendship Bridge, in the shared Bulgarian-Romanian section of the Danube, crosses the river in the outskirts of the city.

History[edit]

The area around Giurgiu was densely populated at the time of the Dacians (first century BC) as archeological evidence shows, and Burebista's capital was in this area (it is thought to be in Popeşti on the Argeş River). During Roman times this was the site of Theodorapolis, a city built by the Roman emperor Justinian (483-565).

The city of Giurgiu was probably established in the 14th century as a port on the Danube by the Genoese merchant adventurers, who established a bank and traded in silks and velvets. They called the city after the patron saint of Genoa, San Giorgio (St George), and hence comes its present name. It was first mentioned in Codex Latinus Parisinus in 1395, during the reign of Mircea I of Wallachia, and was conquered by the Ottomans in 1420 as a way to control the Danube traffic. The Ottomans named the city Yergöğü, as if from yer 'earth' + gök 'sky,' but the name was probably given because of the similarity between the pronunciations of "(San) Giorgio" and "Yergöğü".

As a fortified city, Giurgiu figured often in the wars for the conquest of the lower Danube. It was the site of the October 1595 Battle of Giurgiu, and figured in the struggle of Michael the Brave (1593–1601) against the Turks and in the later Russo-Turkish War (1787-1792). It was burned in 1659. In 1829, its fortifications were finally razed, the only defence left being a castle on the island of Slobozia, connected to the shore by a bridge.

In 1952–1954, during the Communist regime, the USSR helped build the bridge between Giurgiu and Ruse, The Friendship Bridge, a bridge on the Danube linking Romania and Bulgaria.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1900 13,977 —    
1912 20,629 +47.6%
1930 31,016 +50.4%
1948 30,197 −2.6%
1956 32,613 +8.0%
1966 39,199 +20.2%
1977 51,544 +31.5%
1992 74,191 +43.9%
2002 69,587 −6.2%
2011 54,655 −21.5%
Source: Census data

According to the 2011 census, Giurgiu has a population of 54,655.

Notable natives[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Giurgiu is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "МЕЖДУНАРОДНО СЪТРУДНИЧЕСТВО НА ОБЩИНА РУСЕ - Побратимени градове". Община Русе [Municipality Ruse] (in Bulgarian). Archived from the original on 2013-08-05. Retrieved 2013-08-12. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Giurgiu at Wikimedia Commons