Giuseppe Marco Fieschi

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Giuseppe Fieschi

Giuseppe Marco Fieschi (13 December 1790 – 19 February 1836) was the chief conspirator in an attempt on the life of King Louis-Philippe of France in July 1835.

Review of the National Guard, attack of Fieschi, 28 July 1835 by Eugène Lami (Chateau de Versailles)

Life[edit]

Fieschi was born on 13 December 1790 in Bocognano, a commune on the island of Corsica. His parents were Louis and Marie Lucie, of Pomonti. He had two brothers, Thomas and Anthony. Thomas was killed in the Battle of Wagram.[1] Anthony was mute from birth. Guiseppe spent his childhood and adulescence as a shepard. In 1808 he joined a Corsican regiment and was sent to Naples, then to Russia to fight in the Napoleonic Wars. In 1812 he held the rang of sergeant. In 1815 he joined former King Joachim Murat of Naples in an ill-fated attempt to regain his kingdom. Bouveroin [2] suggest that Fieschi played a treacherous role in the capture and subsequent execution of Joachim Murat. According to Harsin [3] Fieschi escapes execution and is deported to France where he is eventually sentenced in 1816 to 10 years jail for the theft of a steer. There he meets a fellow female inmate, Laurence Petit. Upon his release in 1826 he moves to Lyon, Petit's hometown.

Shortly after the July Revolution Fieschi moves to Paris, calling himself a political prisoner. He scams his way through Paris on account of his 'political prisoner' status. He also maintained a life-long affair with his stepdaughter Nina which led to the break-up of his relationship with her mother, Laurence. He obtained a small post in Paris by means of forged papers; but he eventually lost his job and pensions that he had scammed off the government.

The assassination attempt on Louis Philippe I[edit]

In 1831 he met his later-to-be co-conspirator Pierre Morey being a neighbour. The two contrived the plan for an "infernal machine" consisting of 25 gun-barrels which could be fired off simultaneously. Morey took the plan to Theodore Pepin, chief of the Society of the Rights of Man Section Rome. After a meeting they decide to build the apparatus, splitting the cost of 500 France between Pepin and Theodore and Fieschi building it and being paid for it. After much drama (for a detailed account, see [4] the "infernal machine" was ready to be deployed.

On 28 July 1835, during the king's annual review of the Paris National Guard commemorating the revolution, Louis-Philippe was passing along the Boulevard du Temple, which connected Place de la République to the Bastille, accompanied by his three sons, Orleans, Duke of Nemours , and Prince de Joinville, and a numerous staff.

Fuerchterliches Attentat auf die Person Ludwig Philipps

Fieschi, attacked the king's convoy with his "infernal machine".[5] The device was fired from the third level of n° 50 Boulevard du Temple (a commemorative plaque has since been engraved there) which had been rented by Fieschi.

Machine infernale

A ball only grazed the king's forehead. 18 people were killed including Lieutenant Colonel Rieussec together with 8 other officers of the 8th Legion, Marshal Mortier, and Colonel Raffet, General Girard, Captain Villate, General La Chasse de Vérigny, one woman, and one child, Sophie Reny 14 yrs, Messr. Hardouin and Jouglard, and 22 injured.,.[6][7] The king and the princes escaped essentially unharmed.

Attentat Fieschi

Horace Vernet, the King's painter, was ordered to make a drawing of the event which Eugene Louis Lami executed.[8][9]

Fieschi himself was severely wounded by the discharge of his machine, and vainly attempted to escape. The attentions of the most skilful physicians were lavished upon him, and his life was saved for the stroke of justice. The trial become a great spectacle and Fieschi enjoyed his stardom.[10] During his trial he named his accomplices, displayed much bravado, and expected or pretended to expect ultimate pardon. His lawyers were a Corsican Francois-Marie Patorni, and two Parisienne ones, Parquin L.A. Chaix dest-Ange.,[11][12]

He was condemned to death, and was guillotined on 19 February 1836 together with Morey and Pépin.

Fieschi was to endure the punishment going veiled and barefoot to his execution. Pepin died first, then Morey. Fieschi last who used his last moments for a speech. Fieschi's head went to a doctor at the hospital Bicetre for study purposes. Before his death Pepin made several confessions about revolutionary groups which lead to subsequent arrests and trials.

Exécution de Fieschi, Pépin et Morey, le 19 février 1836

Another accomplice was sentenced to twenty years imprisonment and one was acquitted. No less than seven plots against the life of Louis Philippe had been discovered by the police within the year, and apologists were not wanting in the revolutionary press for the crime of Fieschi.

14 victims of Fieschi's attack are interred in the vaults of Les Invalides,[13] which is usually the place of interment for French military leaders which the nation wishes to honor. Fieschi's death mask is on display in Norwich Castle.

References[edit]

Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

  1. ^ A. Bouveiron; Giuseppe Marco Fieschi (1835). An historical and biographical sketch of Fieschi. 
  2. ^ A. Bouveiron; Giuseppe Marco Fieschi (1835). An historical and biographical sketch of Fieschi. 
  3. ^ Jill Harsin (2002). Barricades: The War of the Streets in Revolutionary Paris, 1830-1848. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-312-29479-3. 
  4. ^ Jill Harsin (2002). Barricades: The War of the Streets in Revolutionary Paris, 1830-1848. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-312-29479-3. 
  5. ^ Bouveiron, A. "III." Historical and Biographical Sketch of Fieschi. N.p.: n.p., n.d. 16. Google Books. Web. 24 Dec. 2012.
  6. ^ Jill Harsin (2002). Barricades: The War of the Streets in Revolutionary Paris, 1830-1848. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-312-29479-3. 
  7. ^ Gabriel G. Bredow; Carl Venturini (1837). Chronik des neunzehnten Jahrhunderts. 
  8. ^ A. Bouveiron; Giuseppe Marco Fieschi (1835). An historical and biographical sketch of Fieschi. 
  9. ^ "Attentat De Fieschi by Eugene Louis Lami (1800-1890, France)". Retrieved 2014-10-10. 
  10. ^ Jill Harsin (2002). Barricades: The War of the Streets in Revolutionary Paris, 1830-1848. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-312-29479-3. 
  11. ^ Jill Harsin (2002). Barricades: The War of the Streets in Revolutionary Paris, 1830-1848. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-312-29479-3. 
  12. ^ "ZVAB.com: Autograph letter signed ("Fieschi"). von Fieschi, Giuseppe Marco, conspirator (1790-1839). - [Paris, Conciergerie, January 1836]. - - Antiquariat Inlibris, Gilhofer Nfg. GmbH - Bücher". Retrieved 2014-10-09.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  13. ^ "Les Invalides - Paris" [The Disabled – Paris]. Parisrama. Retrieved 28 September 2014.  (French)

Images[edit]

Further reading[edit]

English[edit]

French[edit]

See also[edit]