Giuseppe Pella

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Giuseppe Pella
Giuseppe Pella.jpg
31st
Prime Minister of Italy
In office
17 August 1953 – 18 January 1954
President Luigi Einaudi
Preceded by Alcide De Gasperi
Succeeded by Amintore Fanfani
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
17 August 1953 – 18 January 1954
Prime Minister Himself
Preceded by Alcide De Gasperi
Succeeded by Attilio Piccioni
In office
19 May 1957 – 1 July 1958
Prime Minister Adone Zoli
Preceded by Gaetano Martino
Succeeded by Amintore Fanfani
In office
15 February 1959 – 25 March 1960
Prime Minister Antonio Segni
Preceded by Amintore Fanfani
Succeeded by Antonio Segni
Minister of the Treasury
In office
23 May 1948 – 26 July 1951
Prime Minister Alcide De Gasperi
Preceded by Gustavo Del Vecchio
Succeeded by Ezio Vanoni
In office
2 February 1952 – 17 August 1953
Prime Minister Alcide De Gasperi
Preceded by Ezio Vanoni
Succeeded by Silvio Gava
3rd President of the Common Assembly of the ECSC
In office
1954–1956
Preceded by Alcide De Gasperi
Succeeded by Hans Furler
Personal details
Born (1902-04-18)18 April 1902
Valdengo, Piedmont, Italy
Died 31 May 1981(1981-05-31) (aged 79)
Rome, Italy
Nationality Italian
Political party Christian Democracy

Giuseppe Pella (18 April 1902 – 31 May 1981) was an Italian Christian Democratic politician who served as the 32nd Prime Minister of Italy from 1953 to 1954. He was also President of the European Parliament from 1954 to 1956 after the death of Alcide De Gasperi.

He was born in Valdengo, Piedmont. After graduation in Economy and Commerce, he adhered to the Christian Democracy (DC), in the right wing of the party. His first government position was as under-secretary of Finances in the II and III De Gasperi cabinets. In the IV De Gasperi he was Minister of Finances.

Pella was Minister of Treasure in 1948–1953, gaining the enmity of the Communist and Socialist parties, as well as some DC members due to his liberal and monetarist policies. After the political crisis caused by the failure of the Cheat Law, Pella was appointed Prime Minister in a deliberately provisional government. Pella gained further critics when, by issuing nationalistic declarations, he created strife with Josip Broz Tito regarding the Free Territory of Trieste. Pella resigned on 12 January 1954.

Later he was Minister of Foreign Affairs under Adone Zoli (1957–1958) and Antonio Segni (1959–1960), and Minister of Balance under Amintore Fanfani (1960–1962). Hostile to the alliance between DC and the Socialist Party, he retreated from frontline politics until 1972, when he became minister of Finances in the short-lived government led by Giulio Andreotti.

Pella was Senator until 1976. He died in Rome in 1981.


Political offices
Preceded by
Luigi Einaudi
Italian Minister of Finances
1947–1948
Succeeded by
Ezio Vanoni
Preceded by
Gustavo Del Vecchio
Italian Minister of the Treasury
1948–1951
Succeeded by
Ezio Vanoni
Preceded by
Luigi Einaudi
Italian Minister of Budget
1948–1954
Succeeded by
Ezio Vanoni
Preceded by
Ezio Vanoni
Italian Minister of the Treasury
1952–1953
Succeeded by
Silvio Gava
Preceded by
Alcide De Gasperi
President of the Italian Council of Ministers
1953–1954
Succeeded by
Amintore Fanfani
Preceded by
Alcide De Gasperi
Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs
1953–1954
Succeeded by
Attilio Piccioni
Preceded by
Alcide De Gasperi
Italy
President of the European Parliament
1954–1956
Succeeded by
Hans Furler
West Germany
Preceded by
Gaetano Martino
Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs
1957–1958
Succeeded by
Amintore Fanfani
Preceded by
Amintore Fanfani
Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs
1958–1960
Succeeded by
Antonio Segni
Preceded by
Fernando Tambroni
Italian Minister of Budget
1960–1962
Succeeded by
Ugo La Malfa
Italian Chamber of Deputies
Preceded by
None, Parliament re-established
Member of Parliament for Turin
Legislatures: CA, I, II, III, IV

1946–1968
Succeeded by
Title jointly held
Italian Senate
Preceded by
Title jointly held
Italian Senator for Piedmont
Legislatures: V, VI

1968–1976
Succeeded by
Title jointly held