Giuseppe Pizzardo

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His Eminence
Giuseppe Pizzardo
Prefect of the Congregation of Seminaries and Universities
Cardinal Pizzardo.JPG
Appointed 14 March 1939
Term ended 13 January 1968
Predecessor Gaetano Bisleti
Successor Gabriel-Marie Garrone
Other posts Cardinal-Bishop of Albano
Orders
Ordination 19 September 1903
Consecration 27 April 1930
by Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Pacelli
Created Cardinal 13 December 1937
Rank Cardinal-Bishop
Personal details
Born (1877-07-13)13 July 1877
Savona, Italy
Died 1 August 1970(1970-08-01) (aged 93)
Nationality Italian
Denomination Roman Catholic
Previous post
Styles of
Giuseppe Pizzardo
External Ornaments of a Cardinal Bishop.svg
Reference style His Eminence
Spoken style Your Eminence
Informal style Cardinal
See Albano (suburbicarian)

Giuseppe Pizzardo (13 July 1877 – 1 August 1970) was an Italian Cardinal of the Catholic Church who served as prefect of the Congregation for Seminaries and Universities from 1939 to 1968, and Secretary of the Holy Office from 1951 to 1959. Pizzardo was elevated to the cardinalate in 1937.

Biography[edit]

Born in Savona, Pizzardo studied at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Pontifical Athenaeum S. Apollinare, and the Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy before being ordained a priest on 19 September 1903.

From 1908 to 1909, he did pastoral work in Rome and served in the Vatican Secretariat of State. Pizzardo was raised to the rank of Monsignor, and appointed Secretary of the nunciature to Bavaria, on 7 June 1909. In the Congregation for Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs, he was appointed: Undersecretary (1920), Substitute (1921), and Secretary (1929). He became an apostolic protonotary on 11 January 1927.

The signing of the Reichskonkordat on 20 July 1933 in Rome. From left to right: Monsignor Ludwig Kaas, German Vice-Chancellor Franz von Papen, Archbishop Pizzardo, Cardinal Secretary of State Eugenio Pacelli, Alfredo Ottaviani, and Reich minister Rudolf Buttmann.

Pope Pius XI appointed him Titular Archbishop of Cyrrhus on 28 March 1930, and on the following 22 April, Titular Archbishop of Nicaea. Pizzardo received his episcopal consecration on 27 April of that same year from Eugenio Cardinal Pacelli, with Archbishop Giuseppe Palica and Francesco Marchetti-Selvaggiani serving as co-consecrators.

He was named president of the Pontifical Commission for Russia on 21 December 1934, and an Assistant at the Papal Throne on 19 January 1936. He was created Cardinal-Priest of Santa Maria in Via Lata by Pius XI in the consistory of 13 December 1937. Pizzardo was Prefect of the Congregation for Seminaries and Universities from 14 March 1939 until his resignation on 13 January 1968.

He was named Secretary of the Holy Office (the equivalent of what is now called Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith) on 16 February 1951 by Pope Pius XII, for whom he had worked many years in the Secretariat of State. He resigned on 12 October 1959. He was Cardinal-Bishop of Albano from 21 June 1948. He attended the Second Vatican Council.

He was known as an early patron and mentor of Giovanni Battista Montini, the future Pope Paul VI, who is said to have voted for Pizzardo at the 1963 papal conclave. Though they became more distant as Montini rose in power, Pope Paul's final trip away from his summer residence before his death in August 1978 was to a memorial Mass on the anniversary of Pizzardo's death.

Pizzardo was considered to be a highly conservative clergyman. He opposed the French worker-priest movement,[1][2] and Catholic participation in the Protestant Cold War group, Moral Re-Armament.[3]

Other roles[edit]

He was also involved in Azione Cattolica, serving on its Central Committee as Ecclesiastical Assistant in 1923 and President in 1938.

Appointed Sub-Dean of the College of Cardinals on March 29, 1965, Cardinal Pizzardo was one of the cardinal electors in the conclaves of 1939, 1958, and 1963.

References[edit]

  1. ^ TIME Magazine. No More Pretres-Ouvriers? September 28, 1953
  2. ^ TIME Magazine. End of the Worker-Priests September 28, 1959
  3. ^ TIME Magazine. Catholics v. M.R.A. September 26, 1955
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Francesco Marchetti-Selvaggiani
Secretary of the Supreme Sacred Congregation of the Holy Office
16 February 1951–12 October 1959
Succeeded by
Alfredo Ottaviani
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Augusto Álvaro da Silva
Oldest Living Cardinal
August 14, 1968– August 1, 1970
Succeeded by
Benedetto Aloisi Masella