|5th President of Italy|
29 December 1964 – 29 December 1971
|Prime Minister||Aldo Moro
|Preceded by||Antonio Segni|
|Succeeded by||Giovanni Leone|
|President of the Constituent Assembly|
25 June 1946 – 6 February 1947
|Preceded by||Carlo Sforza|
|Succeeded by||Umberto Terracini|
29 December 1971 – 11 June 1988
19 September 1898|
|Died||11 June 1988
|Political party||Democratic Socialist Party (1947-1988)
Italian Socialist Party (1930-1947)
United Socialist Party (1922-1930)
He is said to have been an atheist.
Member of the United Socialist Party since 1922, he moved to Vienna in 1926 and to France in 1929 and joined the Italian Socialist Party in 1930. He was a reformist socialist, who split from the Italian Socialist Party in 1947, out of concern over its close (at the time) alliance with the communists, to found the Socialist Party of Italian Workers, which would soon become the Italian Democratic Socialist Party. He was to be the latter's paramount leader for the rest of his life.
He had been Minister without portfolio for the Italian Socialist Party of Proletarian Unity in 1944 and ambassador in Paris for two years, from 1945 to 1946, Saragat was appointed as President of the Constituent Assembly of Italy. Subsequently he was nominated as Foreign minister from 1963 to 1964, and chosen as President of the Italian Republic in 1964. His election was the result of one of the rare instances of unity in the Italian left, and followed rumours of a possible neo-fascist coup during Antonio Segni's presidency.
- DiPI Online
- Bruno Vespa, L'amore e il potere. da Rachele a Veronica, un secolo di storia italiana, Mondadori, Milano, 2009, p. 120.
- Saragat, Giuseppe: “Dizionario di Storia” – Treccani (in Italian) Retrieved April 20, 2013.