Giv'at Herzl

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Givat Herzl (Hebrew: גבעת הרצל, lit. Herzl's hill) is a neighborhood located in the southern part of Tel Aviv, Israel. It contains an ancient Jewish necropolis which was looted mainly during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. [1]

Givat Herzl was one of a number of rapidly expanding Jewish neighborhoods in the Jaffa municipality of Mandate Palestine that formed as satellites of Tel Aviv. After the 1936 Arab revolt, the residents of Givat Herzl demanded that they be annexed to the Tel Aviv municipality, stating that they were "like a foreign body in the Jaffa Municipality," and that geographically, ethnically, and organically," they were a natural continuation of Tel Aviv. [2] A legal notice of auction in The Palestine Post for a Jewish-owned property in October 1939, lists the locality as ""Givat Herzl", Abu-Kabir Quarter, Jaffa" (quotes in original).[3]

By 1947, Givat Herzl was a border neighborhood of Tel Aviv, also known as Shehunat-Givat Herzl.[4] A 1947 map shows Giv'at Herzl as being just to the north of Abu Kabir. Other reports from The Palestine Post between August and December 1947 indicate that Arab Abu Kabir and Jewish Giv'at Herzl lay side by side.[5] After four Jews and an Arab were killed in Gan-Havai by unknown perpetrators, tensions between the two communities increased. Roadblocks set up by the Hagana into the Shehunat-Givat Herzl and Shehunat Maccabi sections of Tel Aviv were stormed by an Arab mob on August 14, 1947. Three Jews were killed and 20 injured. Later that night, a Jewish truck driver carrying goods from Be'er Tuvia to Tel Aviv was killed at the Abu Kabir checkpoint.[4]

Landmarks and institutions in the neighborhood[edit]

Yigal Tumarkin statues in the Abu Nabbut Park
Church of Saint Peter

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.khm.uio.no/utstillinger/doedskult/deadclassic/text_15.html
  2. ^ Overthrowing geography: Jaffa, Tel Aviv, and the struggle for Palestine, Mark LeVine, p. 203.
  3. ^ Commons file of page from The Palestine Post
  4. ^ a b History of the War of Independence: The first month, Uri Milstein and Alan Sacks, p. 9.
  5. ^ August 15, 1947, report regarding the stabbing of Jew, "leaving a carpentry shop in Givat Herzl," and the pursuit by factory workers of two Arabs described as, "running towards Abu Kabir". August 17, 1947 report: "Abu Kebir Quarter...has since been quiet. ... In nearby Givat Herzl, ..." December 8, 1947 report: "Givat Herzl, abutting Abu Kebir, was heavily attacked."

Coordinates: 32°03′N 34°46′E / 32.050°N 34.767°E / 32.050; 34.767