Giv'at Ze'ev

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Giv'at Ze'ev
Hebrew transcription(s)
 • Hebrew גִבְעַת זְאֵב
 • ISO 259 Gibˁat Zˀeb
 • Also spelled Givat Zeev (unofficial)
Arabic transcription(s)
 • Arabic چفعت زئيف
View from the wadi
View from the wadi
Official logo of Giv'at Ze'ev
Logo
Giv'at Ze'ev is located in the West Bank
Giv'at Ze'ev
Giv'at Ze'ev
Coordinates: 31°51′51″N 35°10′11″E / 31.86417°N 35.16972°E / 31.86417; 35.16972Coordinates: 31°51′51″N 35°10′11″E / 31.86417°N 35.16972°E / 31.86417; 35.16972
Region West Bank
District Judea and Samaria Area
Founded 1982
Government
 • Type Local council
 • Head of Municipality Yossi Avrahami
Area
 • Total 4,841 dunams (4.841 km2 or 1.869 sq mi)
Population (2012)
 • Total 14,726
Name meaning Zeev's Hill (also: Wolf Hill)
Website www.givat-zeev.muni.il (Hebrew)

Giv'at Ze'ev (Hebrew: גִּבְעַת זְאֵב) is an Israeli settlement [1] in the West Bank five kilometers northwest of Jerusalem. While it lies within the borders of the Matte Binyamin Regional Council, it is a separate municipal entity. It is one of the larger Israeli settlements in the West Bank with an estimated population of over 14,000.[citation needed]

The international community considers Israeli settlements like Givat Zeev in the West Bank illegal under international law,[1] but the Israeli government disputes this.[2][3]

Description[edit]

Giv'at Ze'ev, named after Ze'ev Jabotinsky, was founded in 1982 on confiscated Palestinian land and was declared a local council in 1984. Palestinians contend that under the expropriation maps contained in military orders, the road connecting it to Jerusalem, though ostensibly designed to "facilitate Palestinian movement", actually would confiscate 15 square kilometres of prime agricultural land, on which the livelihoods of 24,000 Palestinians depend in order to enable the programmed development of this settlement bloc.[4] One local Palestinian landowner protesting the land confiscations occupied his plot nearby and refused to be intimidated by settlers shooting in the air. He was eventually scooped up by the blade of a bulldozer and removed.[5]

In 1996 a program of expansion with new housing units and an envisaged 20,000 new settlers was approved, to be constructed on land confiscated from the Palestinian villages of Beitunia, Biddo, and Jib, in what Palestinians call Wadi Salman, but which the Israelis have renamed Ha'ayalot valley[1] Twice in successive years further areas amounting to 250 acres were confiscated from Beitunia and Jib to build an additional 11,550 units.[6] On March 9, 2008, Prime Minister Ehud Olmert approved the construction of 750 new homes in Giv'at Ze'ev under the Agan Ha'ayalot project. This approval stands in contrast to Olmert's policy of freezing new permits for expansion within existing settlements. Olmert argued that the project was first approved in 1999, but stopped in 2000, as a result of the Second Intifada. The approval was criticized by the Palestinian Authority, US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, and the European Union. On the political right, the Shas party took credit for pressuring Olmert to approve the project.[7]

Giv'at Ze'ev is one of five settlement "blocs" that, according to the Jewish Virtual Library, "[m]ost Israelis believe [] should become part of Israel when final borders are drawn"[8] and "both Prime Minister Sharon in 2005 and Prime Minister Benjamin Neyantahu in 2010 have repeatedly said the large settlement blocs will “remain in our hands.”"[8]

Both the Ayelet HaShahar synagogue and yeshiva built on private Palestinian land owned by the Allatif family of the nearby Palestinian township of Jib, are slated to be demolished by March 2014, after the prosecutor's office determined that the putative documents of land purchase were forgeries.[9]

Giv'at Ze'ev has four elementary schools and one junior high school. There are two youth movement branches: the Israeli Scouts (Arava tribe) and Bnei Akiva.

Location[edit]

It is located just off Highway 443, affording easy access to both Jerusalem and the Tel Aviv area. It is connected to Jerusalem by Egged Ta'avura bus routes 131, 132, 133, 134 and to Tel-Aviv by Egged bus number 471. The loop circling Giv'at Ze'ev effectively annexes over 18 square miles of Palestinian land.[10] The town is patrolled by Mishmeret Ha'gvul and a local security force, and is secured by a security fence.[citation needed] Plans are underway to set a guard post near the entrance to route 443 (currently, the road is closed off by a security fence).[citation needed]

Religious Life[edit]

The religious population in mixed and includes Chardal, Dati Leumi, Charedi, and Secular. There are about 20 orthodox synagogues in the town, with more expected to be built as the community expands.

Giv'at Ze'ev is the center of the Karlin-Stolin Chasidim and one of the town's most notable residents is the Stoliner Rebbe Boruch Yaakov Meir Shochet. There is also a Chabad Lubavitch community there as well. [11]

Ramat Givat Zeev[edit]

Ramat Givat Zeev is a new section that is currently being developed. [12] There are building 400 housing units with both houses and apartments. [13] It is marketed towards English speaking religious Jews who are making Aliyah to Israel. [14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c 'An Israeli settlement in close-up,' BBC News, 22 September, 2009.
  2. ^ "The Geneva Convention". BBC News. 10 December 2009. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  3. ^ Eric Silver (10 March 2008). "Israel defies freeze on illegal settlements". The Independent. 
  4. ^ Deborah Cowen,Emily Gilbert (eds.) War, Citizenship, Territory, Routledge, 2008 p.277.
  5. ^ Raja Shehadeh, Strangers in the House, Profile Books 2010 p.201
  6. ^ Cheryl Rubenberg,The Palestinians: In Search of a Just Peace,Lynne Rienner Publishers 2003 p.222
  7. ^ "PM Okays Givat Ze'ev Building Project". Jerusalem Post. 10 March 2008. Retrieved 4 April 2011. 
  8. ^ a b "Fact Sheet #40: "Consensus" Settlements". Jewish Virtual Library: Fact Sheet #40. 
  9. ^ Chaim Levinson, 'Israel pledges to raze settler structures built on Palestinian land with forged deeds,' at Haaretz, 3 September 2013.
  10. ^ René Backmann,A Wall in Palestine,Macmillan 2010 p.136
  11. ^ http://www.chabad.org/centers/default_cdo/aid/118048/jewish/Chabad-of-Givat-Zeev.htm
  12. ^ http://www.israelnationalnews.com/News/News.aspx/172592#.UrAeRFCMBJo
  13. ^ http://www.nofei-israel.co.il/en/projects/1411-ramat-givat-zeev
  14. ^ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QWzw7ocOyLo

External links[edit]