Giv'atayim

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Giv'atayim
Hebrew transcription(s)
 • Hebrew גִּבְעָתַיִם
 • ISO 259 Gibˁataym
 • Also spelled Givatayim (official)
Givataim (unofficial)
Panorama of Giv'atayim
Panorama of Giv'atayim
Flag of Giv'atayim
Flag
Official logo of Giv'atayim
Coat of arms
Giv'atayim is located in Israel
Giv'atayim
Giv'atayim
Coordinates: 32°04′11″N 34°48′42″E / 32.06972°N 34.81167°E / 32.06972; 34.81167Coordinates: 32°04′11″N 34°48′42″E / 32.06972°N 34.81167°E / 32.06972; 34.81167
District Tel Aviv
Founded 1922
Government
 • Type City (from 1959)
 • Mayor Ran Kunik
Area
 • Total 3,211 dunams (3.211 km2 or 1.240 sq mi)
Population (2011[1])
 • Total 54,700[1]
Name meaning Two hills

Giv'atayim (Hebrew: גִּבְעָתַיִם, lit. "two hills") is a city in Israel east of Tel Aviv. It is part of the metropolitan area known as Gush Dan. Givatayim was established in 1922 by pioneers of the Second Aliyah. It had a population of 54,700 people in 2011.[1]

The name of the city comes from the "two hills" on which it was established: Borochov Hill and Kozlovsky Hill. Kozlovsky is the highest hill in the Gush Dan region at 85 meters above sea level. The city expanded in the 1930s so that today it is actually situated on 4 hills, Borochov, Kozlovsky, the railroad workers (poalei harakevet), and Rambam Hill.

History[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1948 9,600 —    
1955 19,800 +106.2%
1961 30,900 +56.1%
1972 48,600 +57.3%
1983 46,700 −3.9%
1995 49,000 +4.9%
2008 52,100 +6.3%
2010 54,000 +3.6%
2011 54,700 +1.3%
Source:
Givatayaim City hall

Archaeological ruins date settlement on the site of what is now Giv'atayim back to the Calcolithic period. The modern town was founded on April 2, 1922 by a group of 22 Second Aliyah pioneers led by David Schneiderman. The group purchased 300 dunams (300,000 square metres (3,200,000 sq ft)) of land on the outskirts of Tel Aviv that became the Borochov neighborhood, the first workers' neighborhood in the country. It was named for Dov Ber Borochov, founder of the Poalei Zion workers' party. Later, another 70 families joined the group, receiving smaller plots. The land was purchased with their private savings, but was voluntarily transferred to the Jewish National Fund, which organized Jewish settlement at the time, in keeping with the pioneers' socialist beliefs.[2]

Giv'atayim is credited for a number of breakthroughs in the early Jewish settlement movement, including establishing the first cooperative grocery store (Tzarkhaniya) [3] that still functioned in the same location into the 1980s.

Over time, more neighborhoods developed: Sheinkin (1936), Givat Rambam (1933), Kiryat Yosef (1934), and Arlozorov (1936). All these neighborhoods were merged to form a local council in August 1942. Giv'atayim was declared a city in 1959.

Geography[edit]

Giv'atayim is located east of Tel Aviv, and is bordered on the north and east by Ramat Gan.

Education[edit]

Givatayim park

Giv'atayim has 41 kindergartens, 9 elementary schools and 4 high schools. The city has Israel's highest rate of secondary school matriculation.[citation needed] and the highest rate of "Bagrut" or S.A.T rate in the Tel-Aviv metropolitan area. Mayor Ruven Ben-Shachar innitiated a special high school exam assistance program that after 3 years resulted in an 11% increase of high school test results in 2010.

Urban development[edit]

Eurocom Tower, under construction in Givatayim, is a 70-story skyscraper which will be Israel's tallest building upon completion. It is part of a complex that includes four apartment towers and a 50-story office building. A large square will connect to surrounding areas with bridges and underground passes. The complex will be located near Ramat Gan and its Diamond Exchange District.[4]

In addition to Eurocom Tower, other high-rise projects are planned for the city. According to Giv'atayim mayor Reuven Ben-Shahar, the municipality's policy is to promote high-rise construction on the city's outer edges, while preserving the fabric of residential neighborhoods deeper within the city, including the city center.[4]

Mayors[edit]

  • Shimon Ben-Zvi (1941–1965)
  • Kuba Kraizman (1965–1978)
  • Yizhak Yaron (1978–1993)
  • Efi (Ephraim) Schtenzler (1993–2006)
  • Iris Avram, replaced the previous mayor due to his early resignation after he became the chairman of KKL - the Jewish National Fund (November 9, 2006 – January 16, 2007)
  • Reuven Ben-Shahar (2007–2013)
  • Ran Konik (2013 - )

Reuven Ben-Shahar was the first candidate from Kadima that won a city election and the first mayor in Giv'atayim that was not from the Israeli Labor Party

Notable residents[edit]

  • Dvora Bochman, artist
  • Oded Kattash, basketball player and coach
  • Mickey Rosenthal, Member of Knesset from Labor Party
  • Joseph Bau artist, illustrator, animator called "the Disney of Israel," author. Bau and his wife Rebecca Tennenbaum were the bride and groom in the wedding portrayed in Schindler's List. The Baus are buried in Givatayim's Nachlat Yitshak, adjacent to the Holocaust Memorial Plaza.
  • Lee David Graham

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — sister cities[edit]

Giv'atayim is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Statistical Abstract of Israel 2012 - No. 63 Subject 2 - Table No. 15". .cbs.gov.il. Retrieved 2013-08-08. 
  2. ^ Sadeh, Shuki (2008-07-10). "Land day". Haaretz. Retrieved 2008-07-22. 
  3. ^ "Giv'atayim - Official Site (Hebrew)". givatayim.muni.il. Retrieved 2009-01-08. 
  4. ^ a b Lior, Ilan (2012-02-03). "Givatayim getting Israel's tallest skyscraper - Israel News | Haaretz Daily Newspaper". Haaretz.com. Retrieved 2013-03-26. 
  5. ^ "Givatayim". Harbin.gov.cn. 2007-03-15. Retrieved 2008-10-18. 

External links[edit]