Giverny

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Giverny
Water lilies in Claude Monet's garden in Giverny
Water lilies in Claude Monet's garden in Giverny
Giverny is located in France
Giverny
Giverny
Coordinates: 49°04′37″N 1°31′48″E / 49.0769°N 1.53°E / 49.0769; 1.53Coordinates: 49°04′37″N 1°31′48″E / 49.0769°N 1.53°E / 49.0769; 1.53
Country France
Region Upper Normandy
Department Eure
Arrondissement Les Andelys
Canton Écos
Intercommunality Portes de l'Eure
Government
 • Mayor (2008 - 2014) Claude Landais
Area
 • Land1 6.46 km2 (2.49 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Population2 502
 • Population2 density 78/km2 (200/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 27285 / 27620
Elevation 10–139 m (33–456 ft)
(avg. 17 m or 56 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Giverny (French pronunciation: ​[ʒi.vɛʁ.ni]) is a commune in the Eure department in northern France. It is best known as the location of Claude Monet's garden and home.

Location[edit]

Giverny sits on the "right bank" of the River Seine where the river Epte meets the Seine. The village lies 80 km (50 mi) from Paris, west and slightly north, in the old province of Normandy (it is officially in the département of Eure, in the région of Haute-Normandie).

History[edit]

A settlement has existed in Giverny since neolithic times and a monument uncovered attests to this fact. Archeological finds have included booties dating from Gallo-Roman times and to the earlier 1st and 2nd centuries AD. The town was known in ancient deeds as "Warnacum". The cultivation of grapes has been an occupation of the inhabitants of Giverny since Merovingian times. The village church dates from the Middle Ages and is built partially in the Romanesque style, though additions have since been made. It is dedicated to Sainte-Radegonde. The village has remained a small rural setting with a modest population (numbering around 301 in 1883 when Monet discovered it) and has since seen a boom in tourism since the restoration of Monet's house and gardens.

Monet's house in Giverny, Normandy
Monet's "Water Lily Pond" in his garden at Giverny, painted 1899.

Monet at Giverny[edit]

Giverny

Claude Monet noticed the village of Giverny while looking out of a train window. He made up his mind to move there and rented a house and the area surrounding it. In 1890 he had enough money to buy the house and land outright and set out to create the magnificent gardens he wanted to paint. Some of his most famous paintings were of his garden in Giverny, famous for its rectangular Clos normand, with archways of climbing plants entwined around colored shrubs, and the water garden, formed by a tributary to the Epte, with the Japanese bridge, the pond with the water lily, the wisterias and the azaleas.

Monet lived in the house with its famous pink crushed brick façade from 1883 until his death in 1926. He and many members of his family are interred in the village cemetery.

The Giverny Colony[edit]

see main article Decorative Impressionism

Beginning around 1887, a number of American Impressionist artists settled to work in Giverny, drawn by the landscapes, the overall atmosphere, and the presence of Monet. These included Willard Metcalf, Louis Ritter, Theodore Wendel, and John Leslie Breck. Soon many American extended their visits from summer through the entire year. [1] American painter Theodore Earl Butler married Monet's stepdaughter and sometime-model Suzanne Hoschedé there in 1892.

Frederick Carl Frieseke spent every summer from 1906 through 1919 in a residence next door to Monet's. The term Decorative Impressionism was coined in 1911 to describe Frieseke's work, and the term describes the work of a "second wave" of American painters in Giverny such as Richard E. Miller. In December 1910, six of the Giverny artists (Frieseke, Miller, Lawton S. Parker, Guy Rose, Edmund Greacen and Karl Anderson) were given a show at the Madison Gallery in New York which termed them "The Giverny Group."

World War I largely marked the end of the art colony. [2]

Attractions[edit]

Claude Monet's property at Giverny (house and gardens), left by his son to the Académie des Beaux-Arts in 1966, became a Museum opened to public visit in 1980 after completion of large-scale restoration work: the huge Nymphea's studio was restored and the precious collection of Japanese engravings was displayed in several rooms, hung in the manner chosen by the master himself; the gardens were replanted as they once were. The house became a popular tourist attraction (the Claude Monet Foundation), particularly in the summer when the flowers are in bloom.

The other main attraction of the village is the Museum of Impressionism Giverny dedicated to the history of impressionism and its continuation in the Giverny art colony and along the valley of the river Seine.

The Hôtel Baudy was a center of artistic life in the Giverny heyday. It is now still a café and restaurant, with period decoration.

Monet's garden at Giverny, May 2002

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1793 422 —    
1800 430 +1.9%
1806 327 −24.0%
1821 407 +24.5%
1831 396 −2.7%
1836 417 +5.3%
1841 406 −2.6%
1846 378 −6.9%
1851 348 −7.9%
1856 334 −4.0%
1861 354 +6.0%
1866 340 −4.0%
1872 328 −3.5%
1876 306 −6.7%
1881 279 −8.8%
1886 277 −0.7%
1891 305 +10.1%
1896 291 −4.6%
1901 250 −14.1%
1906 313 +25.2%
1911 273 −12.8%
1921 243 −11.0%
1926 309 +27.2%
1931 298 −3.6%
1936 276 −7.4%
1946 304 +10.1%
1954 372 +22.4%
1962 363 −2.4%
1968 386 +6.3%
1975 509 +31.9%
1982 502 −1.4%
1990 548 +9.2%
1999 524 −4.4%
2008 502 −4.2%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Katherine M. Bourguignon (ed), Impressionist Giverny. A Colony of Artists, 1885-1915 (Giverny: Terra Foundation for American Art, 2007).