||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the French Wikipedia. (December 2008)|
Around St. Hilary's Church and Charlemont Fort
|Intercommunality||Ardennes Rives de Meuse|
|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Claude Wallendorff|
|Area1||18.41 km2 (7.11 sq mi)|
|• Density||370/km2 (950/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||08190 / 08600|
|Elevation||103–124 m (338–407 ft)
(avg. 124 m or 407 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Givet (French pronunciation: [ʒi.vɛ]) is a commune in the Ardennes department in northern France very close to the Belgian border. It lies on the river Meuse where Emperor Charles V built the fortress of Charlemont. It borders the french municipalities of Fromelennes to the east and Rancennes to the south and Foisches to the southeast.
Later on, another building was added to the fort, the Caserne Rougé, the longest barracks of France at that time, named after Pierre François, Marquis de Rougé, general of the French armies k.a. 1761.
The town's history claims that Saint Hubert lived there in 720 and performed a miracle. The town has changed hands several times since the Roman era before becoming part of France in 1678, and was later invaded by Russians and Germans.
In World War II, Givet was occupied by the Germans on May 12, 1940. The city was liberated September 7, 1944. By December 1944, 11,000 American soldiers were billeted in the ancient Charlemont fortress. The German Ardennes Offensive targeted Givet and its crossing of the Meuse. The British, under Montgomery, organized a last-ditch defense, and on 24 December, the German drive was stopped about 10 kilometers from Givet.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Givet.|
- Official Web site (in French)
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Givet". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
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