Gjirokastër National Folklore Festival
Gjirokastër National Folklore Festival (Albanian: Festivali Folklorik Kombëtar i Gjirokastrës) is an artistic festival taking place every five years at Gjirokastër Castle in Gjirokastër, southern Albania. The festival was first held in 1968 and is regarded as the most important event in Albanian culture. The festival showcases Albanian traditional music, dress and dance from Albania, the diaspora, and Albanian inhabited lands throughout the Balkans and Southern Italy. The Gjirokastër Festival followed the tradition of the Folklore Festivals started in Tirana in 1949.
The Gjirokastër National Folklore Festival was preceded by the National Festival of Song, Music and Dance held in Tiranë, capital of Albania in 1949 and subsequently on November 25–27, 1959. Ten years later, on October 8–16, 1968, the first National Folklore Festival was held in Gjirokastër to celebrate the birthday of Enver Hoxha, the communist leader of Albania and native of the city. The festival was reheld every five years in 1973, 1978, 1983, and 1988. In 1995 the festival was held in the citadel of Berat, while since September 2000 it has been held again in Gjirokastër.
The 9th season was held in September 2009. The winners of the Festival was the Shkodër County as overall best performance, whereas the best individual performances was deemed those of bards Sherif Dervishi and Myfterin Uka. The next season is set to take place in 2014.
- Tole, Vasil. "Inventory of performers on iso-polyphony". UNESCO. p. 52. Retrieved 26 July 2010.
- "YouTube Festivali Folkloristik 1949". YouTube. Retrieved 7 November 2010.
- Ahmedaja, Ardian; Haid, Gerlinde (2008). European voices: Multipart singing in the Balkans 1. Wien : Böhlau.
- Top Channel (25 September 2009). "Gjirokaster, starton Festivali Folklorik Kombetar". Top Channel (in Albanian). Retrieved 31 August 2010.
- Gazeta Start (2009-09-30). "Shkodra fiton Festivalin e Gjirokastrës". Gazeta Start (in Albanian). Retrieved 2 September 2010.