Gjoa Haven

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Gjoa Haven
ᐅᖅᓱᖅᑑᖅ
Uqsuqtuuq
Hamlet
Main street of Gjoa Haven
Main street of Gjoa Haven
Gjoa Haven is located in Nunavut
Gjoa Haven
Gjoa Haven
Coordinates: 68°37′33″N 095°52′30″W / 68.62583°N 95.87500°W / 68.62583; -95.87500Coordinates: 68°37′33″N 095°52′30″W / 68.62583°N 95.87500°W / 68.62583; -95.87500
Country Canada
Territory Nunavut
Region Kitikmeot Region
Electoral district Gjoa Haven
Government[1][2]
 • Mayor Allen Aglukkaq
 • MLA Tony Akoak
 • MP Leona Aglukkaq
Area[3]
 • Total 28.47 km2 (10.99 sq mi)
Elevation[4] 47 m (154 ft)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 1,279
 • Density 45/km2 (120/sq mi)
Time zone MST (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
Canadian Postal code X0B 1J0
Area code(s) 867
Website www.gjoahaven.net

Gjoa Haven (/ˌ ˈhvən/; Inuktitut: Uqsuqtuuq, syllabics: ᐅᖅᓱᖅᑑᖅ[pronunciation?], meaning "lots of fat", referring to the abundance of sea mammals in the nearby waters) is a hamlet in Nunavut, above the Arctic Circle, located in the Kitikmeot Region, 1,056 km (656 mi) northeast of Yellowknife, Northwest Territories. It is the only settlement on King William Island.

Etymology[edit]

The name Gjoa Haven is from the Norwegian "Gjøahavn" or "Gjøa's Harbour"; it was named by early 20th-century polar explorer Roald Amundsen after his ship Gjøa. This was derived from the old Norse name Gyða, a compressed compound form of Guðfríðr (guð 'god' and fríðr 'beautiful').

History[edit]

In 1903, the Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen had entered the area on his ship Gjøa in an expedition intending to travel through the Northwest Passage. By October the straits through which he was travelling began to ice up. Amundsen put Gjøa into a natural harbour on the southeast coast of King William Island. He stayed there, in what Amundsen called "the finest little harbor in the world", for nearly two years. He and his crew spent much of that time with the local Netsilik Inuit, learning from them the skills to live off the land and travel efficiently in the Arctic environment. This knowledge proved to be vital for Amundsen's later successful exploration to the South Pole. He explored the Boothia Peninsula, searching for the exact location of the North Magnetic Pole.

Some Inuit people in Gjøa Haven with European ancestry have claimed to be descendants of Amundsen (or one of his six crew, whose names have not remained as well known). Accounts by members of the expedition told of their relations with Inuit women, and historians have speculated that Amundsen might also have taken a partner,[5] although he wrote a warning against this.[6] Specifically, half brothers Bob Konona and Paul Ikuallaq say that their father Luke Ikuallaq (b. 1904) told them on his deathbed that he was the son of Amundsen. Konona said that their father Ikuallaq was left out on the ice to die after his birth, as his European ancestry made him illegitimate to the Inuit, threatening their community. His Inuit grandparents saved him. In 2012, Y-DNA analysis, with the families' permission, showed that Ikuallaq (and his sons) was not a match to the direct male line of Amundsen.[6] Not all descendants claiming European ancestry have been tested for a match to Amundsen, nor has there been a comparison of Ikuallaq's DNA to that of other European members of Amundsen's crew.[6]

Permanent European-style settlement at Gjoa Haven started in 1927 with a Hudson's Bay Company trading outpost.[7] In 1941 Henry Larsen reached the post from the west. The settlement has attracted the traditionally nomadic Inuit people as they have adapted a more settled lifestyle.

In 1961, the town's population was 110. By 2001, the population was 960 according to the Census, as the Inuit have moved from their traditional camps to be close to the healthcare and educational facilities available at Gjoa Haven. At the 2011 census, the population was 1,279, an increase of 20.2% from the 2006 census.[3] Gjoa Haven has expanded to such an extent that a newer subdivision has been developed near the airport at 68°37′56″N 095°52′04″W / 68.63222°N 95.86778°W / 68.63222; -95.86778.

The community is served by the Gjoa Haven Airport and by annual supply sealift. The area is home to CAM-B, a North Warning System site.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Gjoa Haven Airport
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high Humidex −7.4 −11.3 −6.6 0.2 2.6 19.4 26.7 23.0 16.0 4.2 −1.4 −1.9 26.7
Record high °C (°F) −6.0
(21.2)
−11.0
(12.2)
−5.0
(23)
1.0
(33.8)
6.5
(43.7)
20.8
(69.4)
24.1
(75.4)
22.5
(72.5)
15.4
(59.7)
4.5
(40.1)
−0.8
(30.6)
−8.3
(17.1)
24.1
(75.4)
Average high °C (°F) −30.4
(−22.7)
−30.7
(−23.3)
−25.1
(−13.2)
−16.0
(3.2)
−5.9
(21.4)
4.2
(39.6)
12.1
(53.8)
8.9
(48)
2.1
(35.8)
−6.7
(19.9)
−19.0
(−2.2)
−26.6
(−15.9)
−11.1
(12)
Daily mean °C (°F) −33.8
(−28.8)
−34.0
(−29.2)
−28.9
(−20)
−20.4
(−4.7)
−9.4
(15.1)
1.4
(34.5)
8.0
(46.4)
5.8
(42.4)
0.1
(32.2)
−9.5
(14.9)
−22.4
(−8.3)
−29.9
(−21.8)
−14.4
(6.1)
Average low °C (°F) −37.1
(−34.8)
−37.0
(−34.6)
−32.6
(−26.7)
−24.8
(−12.6)
−12.9
(8.8)
−1.5
(29.3)
3.8
(38.8)
2.7
(36.9)
−2.0
(28.4)
−12.3
(9.9)
−25.8
(−14.4)
−33.1
(−27.6)
−17.7
(0.1)
Record low °C (°F) −48.3
(−54.9)
−50.2
(−58.4)
−46.3
(−51.3)
−40.0
(−40)
−28.2
(−18.8)
−17.0
(1.4)
−1.1
(30)
−5.0
(23)
−14.3
(6.3)
−32.0
(−25.6)
−39.4
(−38.9)
−44.0
(−47.2)
−50.2
(−58.4)
Wind chill −64.2 −65.3 −64.5 −54.0 −38.1 −21.9 0.0 −12.9 −21.2 −48.1 −55.0 −62.5 −65.3
Precipitation mm (inches) 8.3
(0.327)
7.8
(0.307)
12.9
(0.508)
13.5
(0.531)
15.0
(0.591)
14.7
(0.579)
21.2
(0.835)
28.4
(1.118)
24.2
(0.953)
25.0
(0.984)
11.4
(0.449)
8.8
(0.346)
191.0
(7.52)
Rainfall mm (inches) 0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
1.8
(0.071)
11.2
(0.441)
20.8
(0.819)
27.9
(1.098)
15.9
(0.626)
0.9
(0.035)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
78.4
(3.087)
Snowfall cm (inches) 9.7
(3.82)
8.8
(3.46)
15.8
(6.22)
15.4
(6.06)
15.2
(5.98)
3.9
(1.54)
0.4
(0.16)
0.5
(0.2)
8.8
(3.46)
28.2
(11.1)
13.4
(5.28)
10.4
(4.09)
130.4
(51.34)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 8.2 6.4 9.0 8.8 9.6 6.8 7.8 11.0 12.0 14.1 10.1 8.2 112.0
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.8 5.3 7.8 10.6 7.4 0.5 0.0 0.0 32.5
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 8.2 6.4 9.0 8.8 9.3 1.9 0.2 0.6 5.8 14.1 10.4 8.2 82.7
 % humidity 62.6 63.9 70.3 77.7 85.9 81.9 70.7 75.8 82.3 87.7 76.7 66.7 75.2
Source: Environment Canada Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010[8]

Attractions[edit]

Quqshuun Ilihakvik Centre is a community heritage museum and cultural centre opened in 2013.[9]

Religion[edit]

Two churches are located in the hamlet:

  • Immaculate Heart of Mary Roman Catholic Church
  • Old Gjoa Haven Church

Government services[edit]

Local

  • Gjoa Haven RCMP Detachment
  • Gjoa Haven Fire Department
  • Gjoa Haven Hamlet Council
  • Gjoa Haven Continuing Care - a 10-bed, 24/7 health care facility opened in 2010[10]

Territorial

  • Gjoa Haven Nunavat Water Board
  • Gjoa Haven Lands Administration Office
  • Nunavut Social Services Department
  • Nunavut Power Corporation
  • Nunavut Economic Development Office

Economy[edit]

Most employment in Gjoa Haven is with government services; there are a few commercial employers:

  • Northern Store
  • The Inns North Amundsen Hotel - 16 rooms
  • Qikiqtaq Co-op Limited
  • Gjoa Haven Commercial Airport Radio Station

Education[edit]

Gjoa Haven has two schools:

  • Quqshuun Ilihakvik Elementary School
  • Qiqirtaq Ilihakvik High School

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nunavummiut vie for council positions in upcoming hamlet elections
  2. ^ Results for the constituency of Gjoa Haven at Elections Nunavut
  3. ^ a b c 2006 census
  4. ^ Elevation at airport. Canada Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 24 July 2014 to 0901Z 18 September 2014
  5. ^ "Vi er Amundsens etterkommere", Aften Posten
  6. ^ a b c "ROALD AMUNDSEN DESCENDANTS IN GJOA HAVEN?", Fram Museum, 27 January 2012
  7. ^ Gjoa Haven, The Canadian Encyclopedia
  8. ^ "Gjoa Haven A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Climate ID: 2302335. Retrieved 2014-04-30. 
  9. ^ "Nattilik heritage centre opens its doors, Nunatsiaq Online
  10. ^ "Nunavut provides more care closer to home", Nunatsiaq Online
  • Huntford, R. (2003). Scott and Amundsen: The last place on earth. London: Abacus., ISBN 0-349-11395-5

External links[edit]