Lake McConnell

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For various McConnell Lakes, see McConnell Lake.

Lake McConnell was a very large proglacial lake that existed in what is now Canada from 11,800 to 8,300 years ago.[1] Other sources give starting and ending dates of about 12,000[2] and between 9,000 and 8,000 years ago[3] respectively. It covered parts of what are now the Great Bear Lake, Great Slave Lake and Lake Athabaska basins up to an elevation of 280 m (920 ft)[4] or 305 m (1,001 ft),[5] with a maximum surface area of 210,000 km2 (81,000 sq mi) achieved 10,500 years ago.[1] At its greatest length of 1,100 km (680 mi), it was longer than any modern freshwater lake.[2] "Lake McConnell (or its smaller predecessor, Lake Peace) is believed to have drained first into Lake Agassiz", an even larger lake to the southeast, "then into the Arctic Ocean via the Mackenzie River, then back into Lake Agassiz, and then back to the Arctic Ocean" at various times in its history.[2] Either 8,300 or between 9,000 and 8,000 years ago, it divided to form Great Slave Lake and Lake Athabaska. These two and Great Bear Lake are considered its 'daughter' lakes.[2]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Smith, Derald G. (1994). "Glacial lake McConnell: Paleogeography, age, duration, and associated river deltas, mackenzie river basin, western Canada". Quaternary Science Reviews 13 (9-10). doi:10.1016/0277-3791(94)90004-3. 
  2. ^ a b c d Pielou, E. C. (1992). After the Ice Age: The Return of Life to Glaciated North America. University of Chicago Press. p. 193. ISBN 0226668126. Retrieved September 23, 2012. 
  3. ^ Bednarski, J. M. "Quaternary geology of northeastern Alberta". National Resources Canada. Retrieved September 23, 2012. 
  4. ^ Kerr, D. E.; Wilson, P. (2000). "Preliminary surficial geology studies and mineral exploration considerations in the Yellowknife area, Northwest Territories" (PDF). Geological Survey of Canada. Retrieved September 23, 2012. 
  5. ^ Padbury, G. A.; Acton, D. F.; Sturshnoff, Colette T. (1998). Ecoregions of Saskatchewan. CPRC Press. p. 54. ISBN 0889770972. Retrieved September 23, 2012. 

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