Glaciers of Georgia

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Svaneti contains Georgia's largest glaciers.
View towards smaller, isolated groups of glaciers in Eastern Georgia
The Adishi Glacier

The glaciers of Georgia are mainly located along the Greater Caucasus Mountain Range, covering a total surface area of 506 km² (approx. 0.7% of the country's territory). A number of smaller glaciers may also be found on the adjacent ranges of the Greater Caucasus Mountain Range. Most of Georgia's 688 glaciers are either classified as valley or hanging glaciers.

Overview[edit]

Western Georgia features a fairly well-developed glacial system, with numerous glaciers occurring from the source of the Bzyb River in western Abkhazia to the Mamison Pass on the border with North Ossetia. The nation's largest glaciers lie in the Inguri River basin of this region. Eastern Georgia's glaciers generally occur in smaller, isolated groups. In addition, the mountain ranges that rise to the north of the Greater Caucasus Mountain Range are more glaciated than the adjacent ranges that branch out from the southern slopes of the Caucasus.

The line of glaciation ranges between 2,800–2,900 meters above sea level in western Georgia to 3,600 meters in extreme eastern Georgia, near Lagodekhi. The contrast occurs mainly due to differences in climate caused by a general west-east reduction in precipitation, which results in a more continental climate in parts of eastern Georgia.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Georgian Soviet Encyclopedia. 1981. Supplementary Edition. p. 20.

External links[edit]

Media related to Glaciers in Georgia at Wikimedia Commons