Glasflügel 604

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Glasflügel 604
Glasflügel H604 (D-2085).jpg
Role Glider
National origin West Germany
Manufacturer Glasflügel
First flight early 1970
Introduction 1970
Status No longer in production
Number built 11
Developed from Glasflügel Kestrel 17

The Glasflügel 604 is a high-wing, T-tailed, single seat, FAI Open Class glider that was designed and produced in West Germany by Glasflügel starting in 1970.[1][2]

Developed from the Kestrel 17 the 604 is often erroneously called a Kestrel 22. In fact the company never gave it a formal name beyond its number designation.[2]

Design and development[edit]

The 604 was originally intended as a test aircraft for a proposed two-seat glider that was never built. The prototype did so well in competition that a ten-aircraft production run was completed, resulting in a total of eleven 604s being completed, including the prototype.[1][2]

Due to the aircraft's huge size, including its 22.0 m (72.2 ft) three-piece wing that weighs over 272 kg (600 lb), the aircraft picked up the nickname "the Jumbo". The wing centre section alone weighs 115 kg (254 lb), making rigging it for flight a chore that requires a large crew.[2]

The 604 is constructed from fibreglass. The wing employs a modified Wortmann FX 67-K-170 airfoil at the wing root, changing to a Wortmann FX 67-K-150 at the wing tip. The wing features six flaps, with the outer pair moving at a 2:1 differential ratio with the ailerons. For glidepath control the 604 has wing top-surface spoilers and a tail-mounted drag chute. The aircraft can carry 100 kg (220 lb) of water ballast. The landing gear is a retractable monowheel.[1][2][3]

Operational history[edit]

Glasflügel 604 on the start grid, at Südfrankreich.

The 604 prototype, flown by Walter Neubert, came in sixth in the 1970 World Gliding Championships held at Marfa, Texas, even though the pilot was lost overnight after a land-out during the competition and missed the following day. A 604 came second in the Open Class at the 1974 World Championships held at Waikerie, South Australia. The aircraft also set several world records between 1970 and 1974.[1][2]

In 1981 Marion Griffith Jr. flew a 604 for 645 mi (1,038 km) from Refugio, Texas to Liberal, Kansas to win the Barringer Trophy, as well as set a US distance to a goal record.[4]

In July 2011 five of the eleven 604s built were located in the United States and registered with the Federal Aviation Administration in the Experimental - Racing/Exhibition category.[5]

Specifications (604)[edit]

Data from Sailplane Directory and Soaring[1][2]

General characteristics

  • Crew: one
  • Wingspan: 22.0 m (72 ft 2 in)
  • Wing area: 16.3 m2 (175 sq ft)
  • Aspect ratio: 29.8:1
  • Airfoil: Wing root: Wortmann FX 67-K-170 mod, wing tip: Wortmann FX 67-K-150
  • Empty weight: 420 kg (926 lb)
  • Gross weight: 600 kg (1,323 lb)

Performance

  • Never exceed speed: 249 km/h; 135 kn (155 mph) in rough air
  • Maximum glide ratio: 49:1 at 61 mph (98 km/h)
  • Rate of sink: 0.50 m/s (98 ft/min) at 45 mph (72 km/h)
  • Wing loading: 37.0 kg/m2 (7.57 lb/sq ft)

See also[edit]

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
Related lists

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Activate Media (2006). "604 Glasflugel". Retrieved 11 July 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Said, Bob: 1983 Sailplane Directory, Soaring Magazine, page 81, Soaring Society of America November 1983. USPS 499-920
  3. ^ Lednicer, David (2010). "The Incomplete Guide to Airfoil Usage". Retrieved 11 July 2011. 
  4. ^ Griffith Jr., Marion (February 1982). "645 Miles in a 604". Soaring 46 (2): 41–44. 
  5. ^ Federal Aviation Administration (July 2011). "Make / Model Inquiry Results Glasflugal 604". Retrieved 11 July 2011. 

External links[edit]